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Lack of demand? 'Waning popularity' of Govt of India loan scheme for street vendors

By Venkatesh Nayak* 

Recently I shared findings from a preliminary study of the data obtained under The Right to Information Act, 2005 (RTI Act) about PMSVANidhi loans which the implementing Ministry- Union Ministry of Housing and Urban (MoHUA) Affairs treats as non-performing assets (NPAs). In this despatch, I am presenting State-wise and gender-wise beneficiary trends that have emerged with regard to the implementation of the PMSVANidhi scheme.
As mentioned in the previous despatch, this analysis is limited to the data supplied by the Central Public Information Officer (CPIO) under RTI, in June 2022. MoHUA has put out more recent figures with regard to loan applications and disbursals, last week.
Those figures, reported on the Press Information Bureau website, do not cover all data fields supplied under the RTI Act. Further, as I have not been able to access an authentic copy of the dataset that MoHUA released last week, the dataset supplied under the RTI Act cannot be updated comprehensively with the latest implementation figures.

About PMSVANidhi

Click here for a backgrounder to the PMSVANidhi scheme.
Since its inception, the Union government has answered several questions raised by Members in Parliament about the manner of implementation of the PMSVANidhi scheme. The Department-related Parliamentary Standing Committee on Housing and Urban Affairs devoted its 10th report released in December 2021 to assess the progress made by this scheme and recommended measures for improvement.
Nevertheless, implementation data obtained through the RTI Act reveals much more about the scheme’s impact than what the MPs and the Parliamentary committee elected to ask and what the Government chose to disclose to them.

The RTI Intervention

In May 2022, after researching implementation data publicised by the Union Government both inside and outside Parliament, an RTI application was submitted to MoHUA through the RTI Online Facility.
Click here to read the RTI application.
Within a month of receiving the RTI application, MoHUA’s Central Public Information Officer (CPIO) collected an additional fee of Rs 50 and supplied all the information sought, via email and in hard copy.
Click here for the CPIO’s reply and extracted data tables.
Click here for the open data sets (hyperlink to attachment named – PMSVANidhi-NPAs-OpenDataset-2-Jul22).

Preliminary analysis of the data in comparison with statistics tabled in Parliament

a) Coverage of the scheme:

Data tabled in Parliament: According to data submitted by MoHUA to the Department-related Parliamentary Standing Committee on Housing and Urban Affairs (see Annexure-I pages 68-69 of the report), a target of 46.65 lakh (4.66 million) in December 2021, Street Vendors across the country had been identified for coverage under PMSVANidhi. 44.52 lakh (4.45 million) applications were received from eligible street vendors and 26.58 lakh (2.65 million) loan applications were sanctioned. Of these 24.10 lakh (2.41 million) street vendors were actually disbursed loans.
Towards the end of March 2022, in response to an unstarred question, MoHUA informed the Lok Sabha that a total of 29.05 lakh (2.90 million) loans had been disbursed across all States and Union Territories (UTs). This number includes figures for the first and second loans (out of three loans that an eligible beneficiary may receive under the scheme). Of course, MoHUA has published the latest implementation data last week. For reasons already explained above, this analysis is limited to the dataset supplied under the RTI Act.
Data obtained under the RTI Act: According to the data supplied by MoHUA’s CPIO, only 42.21 lakh (4.22 million) applications for the 1st loan disbursable under PMSVANidhi were received across all States and UTs since its inception and until the date of my RTI application. Of these, 29.91 lakh (2.99 million) beneficiaries actually received the 1st loan during the financial years (FYs) 2020-21, 2021-22 and 2022-23. The average success rate of 1st loan applications works out to 70.86%.
A total of 6.48 lakh applications were received for the 2nd loan during the FYs 2021-22 and 2022-23, till the date of the RTI application. Of these only 2.35 lakh (235,419) loans were disbursed to the beneficiaries of the scheme.
Taken together, the data supplied under the RTI Act indicates a total of 48.70 lakh (4.87 million) applications for loans- both first and second that were received across the country and a total of 32.26 lakh (3.22 million) loans that were actually disbursed (including first and second loans). In other words, 66.25% of the loan applications have been successfully disbursed till date. (Of course, this proportion will change if the latest implementation data that MOHUA released last week is factored in.)

b) Popularity of the scheme on a negative curve?:

At the time of the inception of the PMSVANidhi scheme in June 2020, on the scheme-dedicated website, MoHUA published a target of 50.47 lakh (5.04 million) street vendors who would be covered by the scheme across the country. Data obtained under the RTI Act in June 2022 shows that only 29.91 lakhs (2.99 million) beneficiaries had availed the 1st loan.
This amounts to 59.26% of the target set by MoHUA at the time of the inception of the scheme. (As subsequent loans are available only to beneficiaries who repaid the 1st loan fully, adding the number of 2nd loan recipients will not increase the coverage of the scheme in terms of the total number of unique beneficiaries).
In December 2021 MoHUA informed the Department-related Parliamentary Standing Committee on Urban Development, about having set a reduced target of 48.30 lakh beneficiaries across the country. If this figure is taken into consideration, the actual number of street vendors who received the 1st loan is only 61.93% of the target presented by the Union Ministry to the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Housing and Urban Affairs.
Data supplied under the RTI Act presents, what readers might think of as, a worrisome picture of the popularity of the PMSVANidhi scheme in more recent months. According to MoHUA’s CPIO, only 6.48 lakh (648,950) applications were received across the country for the 2nd loan during the FYs 2021-23. Readers may recall, only those who have successfully repaid the first loan are eligible to apply for and receive the second and third loans under this scheme.
Therefore, this smaller figure as compared with the 42.21 lakh (4.22 million) applications received for the 1st loan might indicate the waning popularity of the scheme among the street vendors. Less than 15.37% of the 1st loan applicants applied for the 2nd loan. Only 36.28% of the 2nd loan applicants had received the disbursement of the 2nd loan at the time of obtaining the implementation data under the RTI Act.
The number of successful recipients of the 2nd loan is a meagre 5.58% of the total number of street vendors who applied for the 1st loan. To put it in further perspective, only 7.87% of the beneficiaries who had received the 1st loan also received the 2nd loan under PMSVANidhi. (Of course, this proportion will change if the latest implementation data that MOHUA released last week is factored in.)
Further, as we are into only the fourth month of the current financial year (2022-23), there is a strong likelihood that more street vendors might seek the 2nd loan as well and perhaps seek the 3rd loan after repaying the first two. 
The number of successful recipients of the 2nd loan is a meagre 5.58% of the total number of street vendors who applied for the 1st loan
However, the low uptake of the 2nd loan till date ought to be cause for concern and the reasons for this lack of demand must be probed. I hope Parliament reviews the scheme with greater care and diligence in the upcoming monsoon and winter sessions.

c) State and UT-wise performance:

Data presented in Parliament in response to MPs’ queries and to the Department-related Parliamentary Standing Committee on Housing and Urban Affairs, being consolidated in form, does not help much to assess the performance of the States and UTs with regard to the disbursal of the 1st and the 2nd loan. Thankfully, data supplied by MoHUA’s CPIO under RTI permits such an assessment to be made. Our preliminary findings are given below:

i) 1st Loan applications:

  • During the period between the date of inception of PMSVANidhi scheme and the date of my RTI application (i.e., FYs 2020-23), Uttar Pradesh- UP (8.7 lakhs or 870,086) topped the list of States receiving the highest number of applications for the 1st loan from street vendors followed by Madhya Pradesh-MP (6.37 lakhs or 637,840). Telangana reported 4 lakh (404,729) applications, taking 3rd place followed by Tamil Nadu at 4th place with 3.42 lakh (342,105) applications for the 1st loan. Maharashtra occupies the fifth position with 3.34 lakh (334,028) applications.
  • The two States of UP and MP accounted for more than a third (35.72%) of the total number of 1st loan applications received. The South Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Telangana and Kerala along with the UT of Puducherry accounted for 28.66% of the 1st loan applications. The remaining States and UTs contributed to the rest of the total.
  • Sikkim, with only three applications, figures at the bottom of the pile preceded by Ladakh (290 applications), Andaman & Nicobar Islands (515 applications), Mizoram (581 applications) and Meghalaya (834 applications) in reverse order.

ii) 1st Loan disbursals:

  • During the period between the date of inception of PMSVANidhi scheme and the date of my RTI application (i.e., FYs 2020-23) UP topped the list with the highest number (8.28 lakhs or 828,467) of 1st loan disbursals followed by MP (4.72 lakhs or 472,439). Telangana took 3rd place with 3.44 lakh (344,387) 1st loan disbursals followed by Gujarat at 4th place with 1.99 lakh (199,490) disbursals. Maharashtra takes 5th position with 1.97 lakh (197,715) 1st loan disbursals.
  • UP and MP together accounted for 43.49% of the successful 1st loan disbursals. Street vendors in the South Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Telangana and Kerala accounted for 28.11% of the 1st loan disbursals. The remaining States and UTs contributed to the rest of the total.
  • Sikkim reported only one 1st Loan disbursal appearing at the bottom of the list. Ladakh with 264 disbursals, Andaman and Nicobar Islands with 473, Mizoram with 484 and Meghalaya with 649 successful 1st loan disbursals figure at the bottom of the pile, in reverse order.
  • Interestingly, the success rate for 1st loan disbursals was much higher in the smaller States and UTs which reported fewer applications. Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Ladakh reported a success rate of above 91% each. Of course, UP topped the list with the highest success rate of 95.22%. Himachal Pradesh- HP, Telangana, Kerala, Mizoram, Goa and Puducherry reported success rates of above 81%. AP, J&K, Meghalaya and MP reported success rates above 74%.
  • Less than half of the 1st loan applications were successful in Bihar (49.24%), Tamil Nadu (47.47%), West Bengal (43.77%) and Punjab (43.53%). Sikkim reported a success rate of one third only 1st loan applications (33.33%).
  • Interestingly, some of the States reported a much higher disbursal rate for 1st loans than the actual number of applicants. For example, in FY 2021-22, Telangana reported only 5,206 women street vendor applicants applied for the 1st loan but 21,251 women beneficiaries (408.20% increase) are reported during the same period. Similarly, UP reported only 51,586 women street vendor applicants but 82,159 1st loans were disbursed (159.27% increase) during the same FY. In the current FY 2022-23, Assam reported only 558 1st loan applicants, but 836 beneficiaries received the 1st loan (149.82% increase). The dataset supplied by MoHUA’s CPIO does not indicate whether these excess disbursals were due to the fact that hundreds of 1st loan applications received during that FY were approved for disbursal in the next FY. This is another issue which has escaped the attention of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Housing and Urban Affairs.

iii) 2nd Loan applications:

  • Interestingly, Telangana tops the list of States with the highest number (1.31 lakhs or 131,579) of 2nd loan applications received, followed by UP (1.10 lakhs or 110,041). MP with 1.02 lakh (102,395) 2nd loan applications, AP with 53,101 applications, Maharashtra with 46,547 applications took the 3rd, 4th and 5th positions respectively.
  • The South Indian States of Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Kerala and the UT of Puducherry accounted for 39.80% of the total number of 2nd loan applications received. UP and MP accounted for 32.73% of the total 2nd loan applications received. The remaining States and UTs contributed to the balance figure.
  • Meghalaya (63 applications), Ladakh (161 applications), Mizoram (241 applications), Andaman and Nicobar Islands (247 applications) and Daman and Diu and Dadra Nagar Haveli (316 applications) appear at the bottom of the pile with fewer 2nd loan applications being submitted under PMSVANidhi. No 2nd loan applications are reported for Sikkim.

iv) 2nd Loan disbursals:

  • Telangana topped the list with the highest number (56,917) of 2nd loans disbursed followed by MP (47,811) in 2nd place. UP with 43,435 successful applications, Gujarat with 18,877 and AP with 15,628 successful applications took the 3rd, 4th and the 5th positions respectively.
  • UP and MP accounted for 38.76% of the total number of successful 2nd loan disbursals. The five South Indian States of AP, Telangana, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and the UT of Puducherry accounted for 38.87% of the successful 2nd loan disbursals. The remaining States and UTs accounted for the balance figure.
  • Interestingly, the success rate for 2nd loan disbursals is much lower as compared with the success rate for the 1st loan disbursal figures. No State or UT reported more than 75% success rate. Meghalaya’s was the highest at 74.60% followed by that of Ladakh (63.98%). In all other States and UTs success rate for 2nd loan disbursals was less than 50%. UP which had reported a success rate of above 95% for 1st loan disbursals, managed a success rate of less than 4 out of every 10 applications (39.47%) with regard to 2nd loan disbursals.
  • The lowest success rate was reported by Rajasthan (2.38%) preceded by West Bengal (4.73%), Delhi (8.02%), Diu, Daman, Dadra and Nagar Haveli (10.13%) and Tamil Nadu (12.16%) in reverse order. Punjab, Puducherry, Bihar, Manipur, Odisha, Uttarakhand and Arunachal Pradesh reported less than 25% success rate for 2nd loan disbursals. As no 2nd loan applications were reported from Sikkim, no disbursals were reported either from there.

d) Genderised analysis of beneficiary data: 

Data presented in Parliament in response to MPs’ queries and to the Department-related Parliamentary Standing Committee on Housing and Urban Affairs, being consolidated in form does not help understand the gender breakup of the beneficiaries of PMSVANidhi. Thankfully, data supplied under RTI by MoHUA’s CPIO makes it possible to analyse the data from the perspective of gender- i.e., Male, Female and Other categories. Our main findings are given below:

i) 1st and 2nd loan- composite trends:

  • A total of 48.70 lakh (4.87 million) applications were received for the 1st and 2nd loans across the country since the inception of PMSVANidhi scheme until the date of my RTI application. Of these, 41.87% (20.39 lakhs or 2.03 million) applications for the 1st and 2nd loan were submitted by women street vendors. 58.13% (28.30 lakhs or 2.83 million) of the applications were submitted by male street vendors during the same period. The remaining 0.01% (292) loan applications were submitted by street vendors belonging to the “other” category- presumably.
  • The combined figure of 1st and 2nd loans successfully disbursed during this period is 32.26 lakhs (3.26 million). 41.32% of the successful street vendors were women (13.33 lakhs or 1.33 million). 58.68% of the male street vendors (18.93 lakhs or 1.89 million) were successful in obtaining the 1st and 2nd loans. The remaining 0.01% of the loans were secured by street vendors belonging to the “other” category.
  • The highest number of women applicants during this period were from Telangana (3.55 lakhs or 355,578) followed by their counterparts from UP (3.04 lakhs or 304,935). Tamil Nadu accounting for 2.37 lakh (237,880) applications, MP with 2.33 lakh (233,203) applications and AP with 1.90 lakh (190,903) applications took the top 3rd, 4th and 5th places respectively in terms of the highest number of women street vendors who applied for 1st and 2nd loans under the PMSVANidhi scheme.
  • Sikkim did not report any woman applicants during this period. Ladakh with 318 women applicants, Andaman and Nicobar Islands with 322 applications, Tripura with 542, Meghalaya with 680 and J&K with 748 women applicants figure at the bottom of the pile.
  • UP accounted for the highest number (2.76 lakh or 276,625) of successful women street vendors who obtained 1st and 2nd loans during this period. Telangana with 2.66 lakhs (266,924) successful women applicants, MP with 1.62 lakhs (162,921), AP with 1.36 lakhs (136,198) and Tamil Nadu with 1.04 lakh (104,041) women applicants take the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th places respectively in terms of disbursal of both loans.
  • Andaman and Nicobar Islands (230), Ladakh (265), Tripura (305), Daman, Diu and Dadra Nagar Haveli (403) and Meghalaya (525) figure at the bottom of the pile in terms of the smallest number of successful women applicants for both loans.
  • In terms of success rate, 90.72% of the women applicants from UP secured both 1st and 2nd loans. Ladakh’s success rate was 83.33% followed by Meghalaya, HP, J&K, Telangana, Kerala, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Mizoram accounting for between 70-78% success rate for women street vendors.
  • Punjab recorded the lowest success rate for women applicants (34.14%) followed by West Bengal (37.42%), Bihar (42.84%) Tamil Nadu (43.74%) and Haryana (45.03%) in reverse order.
  • UP (6.75 lakhs or 675,185) and MP (5.07 lakhs or 507,023) accounted for the top two States reporting the highest number of male applicants for both 1st and 2nd loans. Maharashtra (2.30 lakhs or 230,482), Gujarat (2.16 lakhs or 216,907), and Telangana (1.80 lakhs or 180,670) took the 3rd, 4th and 5th places respectively in terms of the highest number if male street vendors applying for both loans.
  • UP (5.95 lakhs or 595,272) and MP (3.57 lakhs or 357,325) also took the top two spots in terms of successful disbursal of 1st and 2nd loans to male applicants. Telangana (1.34 lakhs or 134,331), Maharashtra (1.29 lakhs or 129,154) and Gujarat (1.28 lakhs or 128,282) took the 3rd, 4th and 5th places respectively in terms of the highest number if male street vendors successfully receiving both loans.
  • UP reported the highest success rate (88.16%) for male street vendors receiving both loans. Meghalaya, Ladakh, HP, Telangana, J&K, Kerala, MP and Goa reported a success rate of more than 70% for male applicants for both 1st and 2nd loans.
  • Mizoram with 39, Ladakh with 102, Meghalaya with 171, Nagaland with 201 and Andaman and Nicobar Islands with 304 successful male applicants for both loans figure at the bottom of the pile.
  • Tamil Nadu reported the highest number of applicants belonging to “other” category (96) and also those who were the most successful (49). However, the success rate for applicants from Tamil Nadu was only 51.04%. Telangana witnessed 81.67% success rate for street vendors belonging to “other” category followed by UP (7.43%), AP and Jharkhand (66.67% each). Assam and Chhattisgarh both reported a success rate of 57.14% in this category.
The trends specific to 1st and 2nd loans under PMSVANidhi scheme are given below:

ii) 1st Loan applications:

  • UP topped the list of States with the largest numbers of women applicants (2.79 lakhs or 279,036) for the 1st loan during the FYs 2020-23, followed by Telangana (2.65 lakhs or 265,478), Tamil Nadu (2.20 lakhs or 220,187), MP (2.05 lakhs or 205,836) and AP (1.55 lakhs or 155,794).
  • Ladakh (198), Andaman & Nicobar Islands (215), Tripura (499), Mizoram (541) and Meghalaya (636) figure at the bottom of the pile with the lowest numbers of women street vendors applying for the 1st loan.
  • UP (5.91 lakhs or 591,044) and MP (4.31 lakhs or 431,996) topped the list of States with the highest numbers of male applicants for the 1st loan during the FYs 2020-23 followed by Maharashtra (1.99 lakhs or 199,716), Gujarat (1.91 lakhs or 191,662) and Telangana (1.39 lakhs or 139,202).
  • Sikkim with only three applicants followed by Mizoram (40), Ladakh (92), Meghalaya (198) and Nagaland (294) figure at the bottom of the pile of States and UTs with the smallest numbers of male applicants for the 1st loan.
  • Tamil Nadu (86), Telangana (49), AP (34), Karnataka (18) and Assam (12) reported the highest numbers of applicants for the 1st loan who belonged to the “other” category.

iii) 1st Loan disbursals:

  • UP topped the list of States with the largest number (2.66 lakhs or 266,064) of successful women street vendors who secured the 1st loan followed by Telangana (2.26 lakhs or 226,385), MP (1.49 lakhs or 149,524), AP (1,.25 lakhs or 125,154) and Tamil Nadu (1.01 lakhs or 101,867).
  • Ladakh reported the smallest number (184) of successful women applicants who secured the 1st loan followed by Andaman and Nicobar Islands (200), Tripura (289), Daman, Diu and Dadra Nagar Haveli (397) and Mizoram (449) in reverse order.
  • The success rate for women street vendors securing the 1st loan was between 92-95% in UP, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Ladakh. The success rate for women street vendors was between 80-89% in HP, Telangana, Mizoram, Puducherry, Kerala, Goa and AP.
  • The success rate for women street vendors in securing the 1st loan was less than 50% in the States of Punjab (35.08%), West Bengal (37.91%), Bihar (44.18%), Tamil Nadu (46.26%) and Haryana (46.82%).
  • UP (5.62 lakhs or 562,398) and MP (3.22 lakhs or 322,911) took the top two places in the list of states with the greatest number of successful male applicants for the 1st loan followed by Maharashtra (1.19 lakhs or 119,908), Telangana (1.17 lakhs or 117,961) and Gujarat (1.16 lakhs or 116,761).
  • Only 1 male applicant was able to secure the 1st loan in Sikkim. Mizoram (35), Ladakh (80), Meghalaya (161) and Nagaland (182) are located at the bottom of the pile with the lowest number of male street vendors who secured their 1st loan.
  • UP and Andaman and Nicobar Islands reported a success rate of above 90% for male street vendors who secured the 1st loan. Mizoram, HP, Ladakh, Telangana, Kerala, Goa, Meghalaya and Puducherry reported a success rate between 80-87.50% for male street vendors who secured the 1st loan.
  • Sikkim (33.33%), Manipur (45.39%), West Bengal (45.61%), Punjab (47.19%) and Tamil Nadu (49.64%) with less than 50% success rate for male street vendors figure at the bottom of the pile.
  • Tamil Nadu topped the list of States with the highest number (49) of street vendors of “other” category securing the 1st loan followed by Telangana (41), AP (23), Karnataka (11) and Assam (7).
  • With the exception of Odisha (20% only) the success rate for street vendors belonging to “other” category ranged between 50-84% in other States like UP, AP, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Assam, TN, Maharashtra, Gujarat, MP and Punjab.

iv) 2nd Loan applications:

  • Telangana topped the list of States with the biggest number (90,100) of women street vendors who applied for the 2nd loan under the PMSVANidhi scheme. AP (35,109) came a distant second followed by MP (27,367), UP (25,899) and Tamil Nadu (17,693) taking the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th places respectively. It is worth recalling that UP had topped the list with regard to the number of 1st loan applications.
  • Sikkim did not report any 2nd loan application filed by women street vendors. Tripura reported the lowest number (43) of applications, preceded Meghalaya (44), J&K (89), Daman, Diu and Dadra Nagar Haveli (91) and West Bengal (107) in the reverse order.
  • UP topped the list of the largest number (84,141) of 2nd loan applications submitted by male street vendors. Interestingly, this figure is much lesser than the number of women street vendors in Telangana who applied for the 2nd loan. MP (75,027), Telangana (41,468), Maharashtra (30,766) and Gujarat (25,245) took the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th places on this list.
  • Mizoram reported the smallest number (17) of 2nd loan applications from male street vendors preceded by Meghalaya (19), Manipur (31), Ladakh (41) and Nagaland (60).
  • Very few street vendors (39) belonging to the “other” category applied for the 2nd loans across the country. Telangana topped the list (11) followed by Tamil Nadu (10), Karnataka (6), AP (5) taking the 2nd, 3rd and 4th places. Assam and Maharashtra with two applications each took the 5th spot on the list. Only one application each in this category was submitted for the 2nd loan in the States of Chhattisgarh, MP and UP.

v) 2nd Loan disbursals:

  • Telangana topped the list of States and UTs with the highest number (40,539) of successful 2nd loan disbursals to women street vendors. MP (13,397), AP (11,044), UP (10,561) and Gujarat (7,356) take the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th places on this list.
  • West Bengal with four disbursals, Daman and Diu and Dadra Nagar Haveli (6), Tripura (16), Andaman and Nicobar Islands (30), Puducherry and Meghalaya (30 each) appear at the bottom of the pile with the smallest number of women street vendors who secured the 2nd loan.
  • Despite the low figure with regard to applications, Meghalaya’s success rate with 2nd loan disbursals to women street vendors was the highest (84.09%) among all States and UTs. Ladakh (67.50%) and J&K (53.93%) were the only ones to report a success rate of above 50%. Kerala, Gujarat, MP, HP, Telangana, Assam and Mizoram reported success rates between 40-49%.
  • Once again, the success rate for 2nd loan disbursals to women street vendors was the lowest in Rajasthan (2.83%), West Bengal (3.74%), Daman and Diu and Dadra Nagar Haveli (6.59%), Delhi (9.35%) and Tamil Nadu (12.29%) figure at the bottom of the pile in reverse order.
  • MP topped the list of States with the highest number (34,414) of 2nd loans disbursed to male street vendors followed by UP (32,874), Telangana (16,370), Gujarat (11,521) and Maharashtra (9,246) taking 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th places respectively.
  • Manipur (3), Mizoram (4), Meghalaya (10), Nagaland (19) and Ladakh (22) figure at the bottom of the pile in reverse order as regards the number of male street vendors who secured 2nd loans.
  • Ladakh (53.66%) and Meghalaya (52.63%) reported a success rate of more than half of the 2nd loan applicants succeeding in obtaining loans. Kerala, J&K, MP, Gujarat, Assam and HP reported success rates between 40-46.50% for male street vendor applicants for the 2nd loan.
  • Here too, the lowest success rate for male street vendors seeking 2nd loan disbursal was reported from Rajasthan (2.29%). West Bengal (4.95%), Delhi (7.68%), Manipur (9.68%) and Daman and Diu and Dadra Nagar Haveli (11.56%) appear at the bottom of the pile in the reverse order.
  • Only 18 applicants from the “other” category succeeded in obtaining the 2nd loan. Telangana topped the list with eight followed by Karnataka (5), AP (3) and Assam and Maharashtra (1 each).
  • Karnataka reported the highest success rate (83.33%) for the “other” category while Telangana reported a success rate of 72.73%.
This is the second tranche of our preliminary findings with regard to the analysis of the PMSVANidhi implementation data obtained under the RTI Act. Our next tranche of preliminary findings will cover the social category-wise (SC, ST, OBC, General, Minorities and persons with disabilities) analysis of beneficiary data obtained under the RTI Act.
All facts are in the public domain. Views are personal.
---
*Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative, New Delhi

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By Our Representative One of the top freedom fighters whom BJP and Prime Minister Narendra Modi revere the most, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, was also a great supporter of the two nation theory for India, one for Hindus another for Muslims, claims a new expose on the man who is also known to be the original proponent of the concept of Hindutva.

Unlike other revolutionaries, Hindutva icon wrote 5 mercy petitions to British masters

By Shamsul Islam*  The Hindutva icon VD Savarkar of the RSS-BJP rulers of India submitted not one, two,or three but five mercy petitions to the British masters! Savarkarites argue: “There are no evidences to prove that Savarkar collaborated with the British for his release from jail. In fact, his appeal for release was a ruse. He was well aware of the political developments outside and wanted to be part of it. So he kept requesting for his release. But the British authorities did not trust him a bit” (YD Phadke, ‘A complex Hero’, "The Indian Expres"s, August 31, 2004)

Golwalkar's views on tricolour, martyrs, minorities, caste as per RSS archives

By Shamsul Islam*  First time in the history of independent India, the in-charge minister of the Cultural Ministry in the current Modi government, Prahlad Singh Patel, has glorified MS Golwalkar, second supremo of the RSS and the most prominent ideologue of the RSS till date, on his birth anniversary, February 19. In a tweet he wrote : “Remembering a great thinker, scholar, and remarkable leader #MSGolwalkar on his birth anniversary. His thoughts will remain a source of inspiration & continue to guide generations.”

Gujarat's 'low-key' communalism: right-wing groups compete for anti-Muslim space

By Rajiv Shah  Noticing the emergence of a novel trend, a just-released report based on a fact-finding team's observations following its interaction in particular with Hindu and Muslim political activists, administrators and police officials, has claimed that a major reason why chasm between the two communities in Gujarat has lately reached new heights is, a veritable competition between Hindu right-wing groups and leaders to capture the existing communal space. Titled "Hindu Right, Communal Riots and Demolitions: Emerging Pattern of Communal Riots in India", the report has been prepared against the backdrop of what it calls "low intensity" communalism which has characterised rioting in Gujarat in the recent past, especially after the 2002 communal carnage, one of the worst in Independent India. Especially focusing on riots in two Gujarat towns, Himmatnagar and Khambhat, which took place on April 10, the day clashes broke also out in different parts of India on

Gujarat govt 'contradicts' MHA memo while freeing Bilkis Bano gangrape convicts

By Our Representative  The All-India Progressive Women's Association (AIPWA) has said that Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Home Minister Amit Shah "must answer for the decision to free Bilkis Bano's gang rapists." In a statement, AIPWA has wondered, "What was the basis of the Gujarat Government’s decision to free those men on August 15, 2022, to celebrate what the PM Modi calls India’s Amrit Kaal? Was remission and freedom a reward for rape and murder of Muslims?" The statement comes amidst an Ahmedabad-based legal rights non-pofit, which took up the cause of Bilkis Bano and fought her case right up to the Supreme Court, Centre for Social Justice (CSJ), suggesting that the Gujarat government move to allow remission to the convicts contradicts the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) Guidelines for Granting Special Remission to Prisoners on August 15, 2022 (75th anniversary of Independence), January 26, 2023, and again on August 15, 2023. Citing the MHA notificat

Need to ask at today's 'critical juncture' of India's history: Whose Freedom@75?

By Fr Cedric Prakash SJ*  The official propaganda states that: “Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav is an initiative of the Government of India to celebrate and commemorate 75 years of independence and the glorious history of it's people, culture and achievements. This Mahotsav is dedicated to the people of India who have not only been instrumental in bringing India thus far in its evolutionary journey but also hold within them the power and potential to enable Prime Minister Narendra Modi's vision of activating India 2.0, fuelled by the spirit of Aatmanirbhar Bharat. The official journey of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav commenced on 12th March 2021 which started a 75-week countdown to our 75th anniversary of independence and will end post a year on 15th August 2023.” So as India completes a landmark seventy-five years of freedom – a platinum jubilee – the only question one needs to ask at this critical juncture of the country’s history is “whose freedom@75?” Since March 2020, it has been a di

Har ghar tiranga: will the hungry bellies raise their hand to unfurl the national flag?

By Bhabani Shankar Nayak*  Indians are going to unfurl the tricolour to celebrate the 75th anniversary of India's Independence on 15th of August 2022. Indian freedom struggle has not only shaped India as a modern constitutional democracy but also shaped the nature of state, society and citizenship. The anti-colonial, anti-capitalist, anti-feudal and anti-imperialist struggle were the four pillars of Indian freedom struggle that laid the foundation of a sovereign nation state promised to pursue a society based on socialist, scientific and secular values to ensure egalitarian citizenship rights without any form of discrimination. These inalienable values are central to the unity, integrity, peace, prosperity and progress of India as a multicultural society and secular state. It is time to celebrate these values and promises of Indian independence, a product of struggles and sacrifice of millions of working-class people across the country. India at 75 is still a young nation but old e

RSS, Sangh Parivar consider tricolour as "state flag" and not "national flag"

By Teesta Setalvad* Today, when the nation has been independent for 67 years, the Sangh Parivar is set to launch ‘Tiranga yatras’ and Satyagrahas to defend the honour of the flag and the nation. Yet when the Indian people were involved in the decades-long struggle for freedom against British imperialism, the RSS was conspicuous by its absence in the struggle. When thousands of people faced lathis, bullets and jail sentences for hoisting the tiranga and participated all over the country in satyagraha during the Civil Disobedience and Quit India movements against the British Raj, the Sangh publicly took the stand that it would not take part in the movement and seldom missed the opportunity of assuring the British rulers that they would keep to the right side of colonial law and avoid any clash with the authorities. Of course the reason given for this was that the Sangh was secretly strengthening itself and would take on British imperialism only when it was strong enough to do so! A simil