Skip to main content

Tribals 'benefit least', OBCs most from Govt of India street vendor loan scheme: RTI

By Venkatesh Nayak* 

Over the last few days I have shared two sets of preliminary findings with regard to the implementation of the PMSVANidhi scheme for street vendors launched in June 2020 across the country -- one related to the geographical and demographic trends and the other about non-performing assets (NPAs). The implementing Ministry -- Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) -- has also shared certain categories of data both within and outside Parliament since the inception of the scheme – the latest being last week, while announcing the launch of the SVANidhi Mahotsav to be celebrated across 75 cities where beneficiary street vendors are situated.
This despatch covers social category-wise trends discernible from the implementation data obtained under The Right to Information Act, 2005 (RTI Act). Neither the Department-related Parliamentary Standing Committee on Housing and Urban Affairs which released a report on the implementation of this scheme in December 2021 nor individual MPs have raised questions about this aspect of implementation.
As mentioned in the previous despatch, this analysis is limited to the data supplied by the Central Public Information Officer under RTI in June 2022. MoHUA has put out more recent figures with regard to loan applications and disbursals last week. Those figures do not cover all data fields supplied under the RTI Act, especially- the caste-wise breakup. So, the dataset supplied by MoHUA’s Central Public Information Officer cannot be updated comprehensively with the limited information that MoHUA released last week proactively.
Click here for a backgrounder to the PMSVANIdhi scheme.

The RTI Intervention

In May 2022, after researching implementation data publicised by the Union Government both inside and outside Parliament, I submitted an RTI application to MoHUA through the RTI Online Facility. One of the several queries included in the RTI application was the social category-wise breakup of loan applications and disbursals.
Click here to read the RTI application.
Within a month of receiving the RTI application, MoHUA’s Central Public Information Officer (CPIO) collected an additional fee of Rs. 50/- and supplied all the information sought, via email and in hard copy.
Click here for the CPIO’s reply and extracted data tables.
Click here for the open data sets.
Statistics obtained under the RTI Act with regard to PMSVANidhi loans applications filed by loans disbursed to street vendors belonging to the following segments of society: General, Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST) and Other Backward Classes (OBC) have been analysed.

Major findings

  • According to data supplied by MoHUA's CPIO under the RTI Act, while 48.88% of the 1st and 2nd loan applications were received from OBC category street vendors, 51.53% of these loans were actually disbursed to them. In other words one of every two PMSVANidhi loans were secured by street vendors belonging to the OBC category.
  • While 28.77% of the 1st and 2nd loan applications were submitted by General category street vendors, 26.10% of the loans were actually disbursed to them. In other words, one of every four PMSVANidhi loans were secured by street vendors belonging to the General category.
  • While 18.99% of the 1st and 2nd loan applications were submitted by SC category street vendors, 19.21% of the loans were actually disbursed to them.
  • While 3.35% of the 1st and 2nd loan applications were submitted by ST category street vendors, 3.15% of the loans were actually disbursed to them.
  • In Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand which have a significantly large proportion of tribal communities, STs comprised only 8% and 3.57% respectively, of the total number of beneficiaries of the 1st and 2nd loans. The dip in the applications from ST category street vendors in these States for the 2nd PMSVANidhi loan was 89.99% and 91.32% respectively.

Detailed preliminary analysis of the social category-wise break up of PMSVANidhi beneficiary statistics

a) 1st and 2nd loans applications: composite trends

  • A total of 48.70 lakh (4.87 million) applications were received for the 1st and 2nd loans across the country since the inception of PMSVANidhi scheme until the date of my RTI application. OBC category street vendors constitute- almost half (48.88%) of the total number of applicants. General category street vendors constitute the next largest group with 28.77% of the loan applicants (both 1st and 2nd loans). SC category street vendors constitute less than 20% (18.99%) of the applicants and ST category street vendors constituted the smallest segment (3.35%) of applicants.
  • Puducherry reported the highest proportion (75.76%) of OBC street vendor applicants (1st and 2nd loans) followed by Bihar (71.53%) and Kerala (70.22%). Telangana and Andhra Pradesh (AP) reported between 60-66% applicants, belonging to OBC category. More than half of the applicants in UP, Jharkhand and Rajasthan belonged to OBC category. Surprisingly, despite being a predominantly tribal State more than half (57.89%) of the applicants in Jharkhand were from the OBC category.
  • No applicants from OBC category were reported from Ladakh and Mizoram. Less than 1% of the applicants belonged to this category in Nagaland (0.76%) and Meghalaya (0.89%). Less than 2% applicants in Andaman and Nicobar Islands (1.31%) and Arunachal Pradesh (1.67%) belonged to the OBC category. Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), West Bengal, Manipur, Punjab, Delhi, Chandigarh, Daman and Diu and Dadra Nagar Haveli, Himachal Pradesh (HP), Goa and Assam reported between 1.30%-20% applicants in the OBC category.
  • The remaining States reported between 21%-50% applicants in the OBC category.
  • Andaman and Nicobar Islands reported the highest number (98.43%) of loan applicants belonging to General category. J&K and Manipur reported between 80%-86% loan applicants in this category. West Bengal, Goa and Delhi reported between 70-76% of applicants in the General category.
  • Sikkim did not report any applicant from the General category. Mizoram (0.49%), Nagaland (2.17%), Puducherry (4.63%) and Bihar (10.92%) reported the smallest number of applicants for both loans in the General category in reverse order.
  • Telangana, Arunachal Pradesh, MP, UP and Kerala reported less than 20% applicants for both loans from the General category. The remaining States reported between 20-60% applicants belonging to General category.
  • Punjab topped the list of States with the largest proportion (43.09%) of street vendor applicants belonging to SC category. Haryana took 2nd place at 30.94% and HP (29.97%), Chandigarh (28.16%) and Tripura (25.41%) took the 3rd, 4th and 5th places respectively in the SC category.
  • Rajasthan, UP, Karnataka and Maharashtra each reported more than 20% applicants belonging to the SC category.
  • Sikkim did not report any loan applicant from SC category. The smallest proportion of street vendor applicants from SC category was reported from Ladakh (0.22%), Andaman and Nicobar Islands (0.26%), Mizoram (0.49%) and Meghalaya (0.67%) in reverse order.
  • The remaining States and UTs reported between 1-19% applicants from SC category (both 1st and 2nd loans).
  • Mizoram reported the highest proportion (99.03%) of street vendor applicants from ST category. Nagaland (96.25%), Arunachal Pradesh (81.40%), Meghalaya (77.81%) and Ladakh (52.11%) took the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th places with regard to the highest proportion of ST street vendor applicants. Surprisingly, despite being a tribal dominated State, only 6.14% of the applicants in Chhattisgarh are from ST category. Daman, Diu and Dadra Nagar Haveli reported 23.82% of applicants from ST category.
  • Despite having a significant tribal population, no ST applicants were reported from Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Sikkim also did not report any from this category. Chandigarh, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Haryana, Delhi, Puducherry and Kerala reported less than 1% of the applicants belonging to the ST category.
  • The remaining States and UTs reported between 1%-10% applicants from ST category.

b) 1st and 2nd loans disbursal: composite trends

  • According to the data supplied by MoHUA’s CPIO, the combined figure of 1st and 2nd loans successfully disbursed during this period is 32.26 lakhs (3.26 million). More than half (51.53%) of these loans were disbursed to OBC street vendors. This proportion is higher than the proportion of applicants belonging to OBC category. More than a fourth (26.10%) of these loans were disbursed to General category street vendors- slightly lesser than the proportion of applicants belonging to this category. 19.21% of the loans was disbursed to SC category street vendors- slightly higher than the proportion of applicants. ST category street vendors formed the smallest segment (3.15%) of beneficiaries of both loans- this is lesser than the proportion of street vendors who applied for loans.
  • The lone applicant from Sikkim in 2022 belonged to the OBC category making this the highest success rate (100%) among the States and UTs for this segment of society. More than 70% of the total disbursals (1st and 2nd loans) in Puducherry (75.98%), Bihar (72.12%) and Kerala (70.25%) went to street vendors in the OBC category whereas in Telangana (66.29%) and AP (61.18%) this proportion ranged between 61%-66%. This is in line with the trend with regard to the proportion of applicants from OBC category as noted above.
  • No loan disbursal was reported for the OBC category in Ladakh and Mizoram because there were no applications from this segment. Less than 1% of the loans disbursed in Meghalaya (0.29%) and Nagaland (0.72%) benefited OBC applicants. The proportion of loan disbursals to OBC street vendors ranged between 1%-5% in Andaman and Nicobar Islands (1.12%), Arunachal Pradesh (2.24%) and J&K (4.87%). West Bengal reported only 5.94% OBC category street vendors who received the 1st and 2nd loans whereas Manipur reported 6.37% in this category.
  • Between 10%-20% disbursals to OBC category were reported from Punjab (13.35%), Delhi (13.39%), Chandigarh (15.34%), Daman and Diu and Dadra Nagar Haveli (16.19%), HP (17.12%) and Goa (17.94%). The remaining States reported between 21%-58% beneficiaries from the OBC category.
  • Interestingly, the proportion of successful disbursals for the OBC category is slightly higher than the proportion of applicants in this category in Bihar, Kerala, AP, UP, MP, Karnataka, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tripura, Chandigarh, Delhi and Punjab.
  • Andaman and Nicobar Islands reported the highest proportion (98.69%) of loan disbursals to street vendors in the General category. More than 80% of the loans J&K (86.01%) and Manipur (81.78%) were disbursed to vendors of General category. Between 70%-75% of the 1st and 2nd loans were disbursed to street vendors belonging to the General category in West Bengal (75.83%), Goa (74.59%) and Delhi (70.43%). Between 50%-60% of the loan disbursals made in Odisha (60.36%), Daman and Diu and Dadra Nagar Haveli (60.34%), Chandigarh (56.72%) and Assam (55.23%) belonged to the General category.
  • Less than 5% of loan disbursals to street vendors belonging to the General category was reported from Mizoram (0.52%), Nagaland (2.23%) and Puducherry (4.61%). Loan disbursals to General category street vendors ranged between 10%-20% in Bihar (10.43%), Telangana (14.97%), Arunachal Pradesh (17.67%), MP (17.74%), UP (18.84%) and Kerala (19.08%). In other States the disbursals to the General category ranged between 21%-50%.
  • Interestingly, the proportion of successful disbursals for General category is slightly higher than the proportion of applicants in this category in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Manipur, Goa, Odisha, Daman and Diu and Dadra Nagar Haveli, HP, Tripura, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Meghalaya and Rajasthan.
  • While General category street vendors constituted 43.66% of the 1st and 2nd loan applications in Punjab, only 39.06% disbursals benefited this category marking a significant dip in the success rate.
  • Punjab topped the list of States and UTs with the highest proportion (46.52%) of 1st and 2nd loan disbursals to street vendors belonging to the SC category. This is significantly higher than the proportion (43.09%) of applicants who belong to this category.
  • Between 30%-32% of the loan disbursals went to the SC category street vendors in Haryana (32.91%) and HP (30.06%). More than a fourth of the loan disbursals benefited SC category street vendors in Chandigarh (27.70%) and Tripura (25.50%). Between 20%-23% of the beneficiaries of the 1st and 2nd loans in UP (21.88%), Maharashtra (21.56%), Karnataka (21.11%) and MP (20.27%) belong to the SC category.
  • Less than 1% of the beneficiaries of the 1st and 2nd loans belong to the SC category in Andaman and Nicobar Islands (0.19%), Ladakh (0.27%), Mizoram (0.34%), Meghalaya (0.43%), Nagaland (0.48%) and Arunachal Pradesh (0.60%).
  • Between 2%-10% of the beneficiaries belong to the SC category in Daman and Diu and Dadra Nagar Haveli (2.71%), Goa (3.27%), Manipur (4.76%), Jharkhand (7.90%), J&K (8.41%) and Kerala (9.95%). In the remaining States and UTs the street vendors in the SC category constitute between 13-18% of the beneficiaries.
  • It is noteworthy that the proportion of successful disbursals for SC category is slightly higher than the proportion of applicants in Haryana, HP, Rajasthan, UP, Maharashtra, MP, West Bengal, Uttarakhand, Telangana, Delhi, AP, Assam, Kerala, Manipur, Odisha, Diu and Ladakh.
  • Mizoram topped the list of States and UTs with the highest proportion (99.14%) of 1st and 2nd loan disbursals to street vendors belonging to ST category. It was 96.57% in Nagaland. Arunachal Pradesh (79.49%) and Meghalaya (78.59%) take 3rd and 4th places in this category, respectively, followed by Ladakh (53.13%) at 5th position. Daman and Diu and Dadra Nagar Haveli reported 20.76% beneficiaries belonging to the ST category. All other States reported less than 10% of the beneficiaries from the ST category.
  • It is also important to point out, in the tribal dominated States of Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand, ST street vendors to whom the 1st and 2nd loans were disbursed, comprised only 8% and 3.57% of the total number of beneficiaries, respectively.
Comparative trends with regard to PMSVANidhi 1st and 2nd loan applications and disbursals are presented below.

c) 1st and 2nd loan applications compared

OBC category
  • According to the data supplied by MoHUA’s CPIO, UP topped the list of States and UTs with the highest number of 1st loan applications (5.05 lakhs or 505,497) from street vendors belonging to the OBC category followed by MP (3.64 lakhs or 364,796), Telangana (2.65 lakhs or 265,629), Gujarat (1.41 lakhs or 141,825) and AP (1.16 lakhs or 116,775) taking the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th places respectively.
  • However, Telangana topped the list of States and UTs with the greatest number of 2nd loan applications (89,318) submitted by street vendors belonging to the OBC category. UP takes 2nd place (64,605) followed by MP (61,008), AP (32,973), Karnataka (20,270) and Gujarat (17,710) occupying the 3rd, 4th and 5th places respectively.
  • No 1st loan applications were reported from Mizoram and Ladakh in the OBC category. Sikkim reported two 1st loan applications- the lowest in this category, with Meghalaya and Andaman and Nicobar Islands (8 each) Nagaland (18) and Arunachal Pradesh (74) figuring at the bottom of the pile.
  • No 2nd loan applications were reported from street vendors belonging to the OBC category in Sikkim, Mizoram, Meghalaya and Ladakh. Andaman and Nicobar Islands reported the lowest figure (two) of 2nd loan applications. Nagaland with only four 2nd loan applications, Arunachal Pradesh with 22, Manipur with 30 and West Bengal with 61, figure at the bottom of the pile in the OBC category.
  • Apart from the three States and the UT of Ladakh mentioned above where nobody applied for the 2nd loan, the dip in 2nd loan applications as compared with the number of 1st loan applications submitted, ranged between 90%-98% in Manipur (98.13%), West Bengal (96.30%), Assam (94.19%), Bihar (92.74%), Punjab (90.90%) and Rajasthan (90.13%). In all other States and UTs the dip in 2nd loan applications in the OBC category ranged between 61%-89% as compared with the 1st loan applications. While these numbers might improve in the current financial year (FY), the negative curve with regard to the willingness to apply for the 2nd loan, mentioned in our last despatch, is clearly evident in the OBC category.
General category
  • According to the data supplied by MoHUA’s CPIO, UP topped the list of States and UTs with the highest number of both 1st loan applications (1.63 lakhs or 163,845) and 2nd loan applications (22,375) received from street vendors belonging to the General category.
  • Tamil Nadu reported 1.60 lakhs (160,662) 1st loan applications taking 2nd place followed by Maharashtra (1.54 lakhs or 154,478) in 2nd place, Gujarat (1.23 lakhs or 123,773) in 3rd place, MP (1.12 lakhs or 112,299) in 4th place and Telangana in 5th place with 61,706 applications from street vendors belonging to the General category.
  • As compared with UP, Maharashtra took a distant 2nd place with 20,334 2nd loan applications in the General category, followed by Telangana (19,729), MP (19,059), Gujarat (14,814) and Tamil Nadu (14,275) occupying 3rd, 4th and 5th places respectively.
  • At the bottom of the pile, Sikkim reported only one application in the General category of street vendors for the 1st loan but none for the 2nd loan application. Mizoram reported two applicants each for the 1st and 2nd loans.
  • Nagaland reported 50 loan applications in the General category, for the 1st loan but only 13 for the 2nd loan. Similarly, Puducherry reported 70 1st loan applications but only 25 for the 2nd loan in the General category. Meghalaya reported 167 1st loan applications but only 18 for the 2nd loan in the General category. Ladakh reported 138 applications for the 1st loan but only 77 for the 2nd loan in the General category of street vendors.
  • According to the data supplied by MoHUA’s CPIO, the dip in the number of applications for the 2nd loan as compared with the 1st loan in the General category was 100% in Sikkim as nobody had applied for the 2nd loan. The dip ranged between 90%-98% in West Bengal (98.08%), Manipur (95.42%), Assam (94.74%), Bihar (92.61%), Punjab (92.08%) and Tamil Nadu (91.11%). In all other States and UTs, the dip in 2nd loan applications ranged between 50%-90% as compared with the number of 1st loan applications.
  • Ladakh reported the lowest dip (44.20%) in the number of 2nd loan applications in the General category.
SC category
  • UP topped the list of States and UTs receiving the highest number of both 1st loan (1.92 lakhs or 192,098) and 2nd loan applications (21,944). MP takes 2nd place with regard to 1st loan applications (1.29 lakhs or 129,716) received from street vendors belonging to the SC category followed by Maharashtra (71,529), Telangana (63,407) and Tamil Nadu (62,578) occupying the 3rd, 4th and 5th places respectively.
  • Telangana reported the highest number of 2nd loan applications (18,778) followed by MP (18,715), Maharashtra (8,851) and Karnataka (6,638) taking 3rd, 4th and 5th places respectively in the SC category.
  • No applications were received from street vendors belonging to the SC category in Sikkim for either the 1st or the 2nd loans. Ladakh with only one 1st loan application along with Mizoram and Andaman and Nicobar Islands (2 each), Meghalaya (6) and Nagaland (19) figure at the bottom of the pile vis-à-vis the SC category.
  • Meghalaya, Ladakh and Andaman and Nicobar Islands did not report any 2nd loan application from street vendors belonging to the SC category. Mizoram with the lowest (2), Daman and Diu and Dadra Nagar Haveli (4), Nagaland (5), Arunachal Pradesh (9) and Goa (18) figure at the bottom of the pile with regard to 2nd loan applications received in the SC category.
  • More than 90% dip in the number of 2nd loan applications in the SC category was reported from West Bengal (98.47%), Manipur (94.35%), Bihar (93.71%), Assam (93.48%), Daman and Diu and Dadra Nagar Haveli (92.86%), Tamil Nadu (92.79%), Punjab (91.94%) and Rajasthan (90.50%).
  • The dip in the number of 2nd loan applications in the SC category was much lesser in HP (61.91%), Goa (64.71%), Kerala (65.36%) and Puducherry (67.58%). In all other States and UTs the dip in the number of 2nd loan applications received from street vendors belonging to the SC category ranged between 70%-89%.
ST category

  • MP topped the list of States and UTs which received the highest number of 1st loan applications (31,208) from street vendors belonging to the ST category. Gujarat takes a distant 2nd place (14,837) followed by Telangana (13,956), Karnataka (13,694) and Maharashtra (12,341) occupying the 3rd, 4th and 5th places respectively in this category.
  • Telangana reported the highest number of 2nd loan applications (3,751) followed by MP (3,613), Karnataka (2,254), Gujarat (1,926) and Maharashtra (1,553) taking the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th places respectively in the ST category.
  • No applications were received for the 1st loan from street vendors in the ST category in Sikkim and Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Puducherry reported the lowest figure (12) along with Chandigarh (14), Goa (65), Kerala (85) and West Bengal (103) in reverse order.
  • No 2nd loan applications were reported from Sikkim, West Bengal and Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the ST category. Puducherry reported the lowest number (2) of applications for 2nd loans in the ST category along with Chandigarh (3), Tripura (12), J&K (23) and Goa (25) figuring at the bottom of the pile.
  • The States and UTs which reported more than 90% dip in the number of 2nd loan applications as compared with the 1st loan applications in the ST category are: Manipur (96.87%), Assam (94.52%), Bihar (93.16%), Meghalaya (93.11%), Punjab (92.77%), Tripura (92.50%), Daman and Diu and Dadra Nagar Haveli (91.86%) and Rajasthan (91.40%).
  • Interestingly Jharkhand (91.32%) and Chhattisgarh (89.99%) which have large tribal populations reported 90% and above dip in the number of 2nd loan applications from street vendors in the ST category. While these numbers might pick up during the remainder of the current FY, these extremely low figures require in depth probing for identifying the causal factors.
  • The smallest dip in the number of 2nd loan applications in the ST category was reported from Ladakh (44.37%). Mizoram reported a 58.93% dip in 2nd loan applications received from street vendors in this category. All other States and UTs reported between 61%-89% dip in the number of 2nd loan applications received from street vendors belonging to the ST category.

d) 1st and 2nd loan disbursals compared

OBC category
  • UP topped the list of States and UTs with the largest number of 1st loan disbursals (4.82 lakhs or 482,307) but occupies 3rd place (25,839) vis-à-vis 2nd loan disbursals in the OBC category. MP took 2nd place with 2.71 lakhs or 271,885 1st loan disbursals followed by Telangana (2.27 lakhs or 227,252). AP came a distant 4th with 1.11 lakh (111,834) 1st loan disbursals followed by Gujarat at 5th place with 89,633 1st loan disbursals to street vendors belonging to the OBC category.
  • Telangana with 38,742 topped the list of States and UTs with the highest number of 2nd loans disbursed to street vendors belonging to the OBC category. MP with 28,215 2nd loans disbursed is at 2nd place. AP with 9,404 and Gujarat with 8,263 2nd loans disbursed take the 3rd, 4th and 5th places respectively.
  • No OBC street vendors were disbursed 1st loans in Mizoram and Ladakh. Sikkim with just one 1st loan disbursal in this category is at the bottom of the pile along with Meghalaya (2), Andaman and Nicobar Islands (5), Nagaland (10) and Arunachal Pradesh (56) in reverse order.
  • Sikkim, Mizoram, Meghalaya and Ladakh did not report any 2nd loan disbursal to OBC street vendors. Andaman and Nicobar Islands reported only one disbursal in this category. Nagaland (2), West Bengal and Manipur (3 each), and Daman and Diu and Dadra Nagar Haveli (4) also figure at the bottom of this pile.
  • Kerala reported the smallest dip (78.88%) in the number of 2nd loan disbursals to OBC street vendors as compared with 1st loan disbursals. Between 80%-89% dip in 2nd loan disbursals to street vendors in the OBC category was reported from Nagaland and Andaman and Nicobar Islands (80% each), Telangana (82.95%), HP (84.92%), Arunachal Pradesh (87.50%), Goa (88.50%), Karnataka (89.33%) and MP (89.62%) in reverse order. All other States and UTs reported a dip of 90% and above with regard to 2nd loan disbursals to OBC category street vendors.
General category
  • According to the data supplied under RTI by MoHUA’s CPIO, UP topped the list of States and UTs with the largest number (1.55 lakhs or 155,331) of 1st loan disbursals to street vendors belonging to the General category. Maharashtra comes a distant 2nd with 86,953 disbursals of 1st loans in this category followed by MP (83,170), Tamil Nadu (75,859) and Gujarat (70,436) occupying 3rd, 4th and 5th places respectively.
  • MP tops the list of States and UTs with the largest number (9,147) of 2nd loans disbursed to street vendors of General category followed by UP (8,960). Telangana (8,457), Gujarat (7,229) and Maharashtra (6,155) occupying the 3rd, 4th and 5th places respectively in this category.
  • Sikkim did not report 1st and 2nd loan disbursals to any street vendor in the General category. Mizoram reported the lowest (2) along with Nagaland (30), Puducherry (56) and Ladakh (124) figuring at the bottom of the pile with regard to 1st loan disbursals to street vendors belonging to the General category.
  • Mizoram again reported the lowest figure (2) for 2nd loan disbursal to street vendors in the General category. Puducherry (5) and Nagaland (7), Meghalaya (10) and West Bengal (20) figure at the bottom of the pile in reverse order.
  • Mizoram reported the smallest dip (50%) in terms of 2nd loan disbursals as compared with 1st loan disbursals in the General category. Ladakh reported 62.10%, Nagaland 76.67% and Kerala 77.81% dip in this category. All other States and UTs reported dip between 80% to more than 99% dip with West Bengal reporting the deepest dip at 99.80% in this category.
SC category
  • According to the data supplied under RTI by MoHUA’s CPIO, UP topped the list of States and UTs with the largest number (1.82 lakhs or 182,558) of 1st loan disbursals to street vendors belonging to the SC category. MP comes a distant 2nd with 96,654 disbursal of 1st loans in this category followed by Telangana (53,868), Maharashtra (42,914) and Karnataka (30,270) occupying the 3rd, 4th and 5th places respectively.
  • MP topped the list of States and UTs with the largest number (8,819) of 2nd loans disbursed to street vendors of SC category. UP takes 2nd place with 8,219 disbursals followed by Telangana with 8,192 disbursals in this category. Maharashtra comes a distant 4th with 2,790 2nd loan disbursals in SC category followed by Gujarat with 2,409 disbursals taking 5th place.
  • No disbursal to street vendors of SC category was reported from Sikkim for both 1st and 2nd loans. Ladakh and Andaman and Nicobar Islands reported the lowest figure (1 each) in the SC category for the 1st loan. Mizoram (2), Meghalaya (3) and Nagaland (7) also figure at the bottom of this pile in reverse order.
  • No disbursal of the 2nd loan was reported from Mizoram, Meghalaya, Ladakh, Daman and Diu and Dadra Nagar Haveli and Andaman and Nicobar Islands to any street vendor belonging to the SC category. Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh reported one each in this category. West Bengal and Goa (5 each) and Puducherry (9) also figure at the bottom of this pile in reverse order.
  • Kerala reported a dip of 78.34% in terms of 2nd loan disbursal as compared with 1st loan disbursal to street vendors belonging to the SC category. HP reported a dip of 80.56% and Telangana 84.79% in this category. All other States and UTs reported a dip of 85%-99% in this category. West Bengal reported the deepest dip at 99.79% followed by Rajasthan reporting a dip of 99.48% in this category.
ST category
  • According to the data supplied under RTI by MoHUA’s CPIO, MP topped the list of States and UTs with the largest number of both 1st loan (20,730) and 2nd loan disbursals (1,630) to street vendors belonging to the ST category. Telangana comes a distant 2nd with 11,624 1st loan disbursals to ST street vendors followed by Gujarat (9,666), Karnataka (8,781) and UP (8,259) occupying the 3rd, 4th and 5th places respectively.
  • Telangana takes 2nd place with 1,526 2nd loan disbursals to street vendors of ST category followed by Gujarat with 975, Karnataka with 786 and Maharashtra with 454 2nd loan disbursals in this category.
  • 1st loan disbursals to ST category street vendors were not reported from Sikkim and Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Chandigarh reported the lowest in this category with nine 1st loan disbursals. Puducherry with 10, West Bengal with 37, Goa with 52 and Kerala with 68 1st loan disbursals to ST street vendors, figure at the bottom of the pile in reverse order.
  • No 2nd loan disbursals to street vendors belonging to ST category was reported from West Bengal, Sikkim, Puducherry, Chandigarh, and Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Manipur and Daman and Diu and Dadra Nagar Haveli (one each), J&K (5), Tripura and Delhi (6 each) and Uttarakhand, Punjab and Goa (7 each) figure at the bottom of this pile in reverse order.
  • Ladakh reported a 59.71% dip in the number of 2nd loan disbursals to street vendors belonging to the ST category- the smallest among States and UTs. Kerala reported a dip of 77.94% and Mizoram- 79.79% in this category. All other States and UTs reported a dip ranging from 85% to 99% in this category. More than 99% dip was reported from Manipur (99.84%), Daman and Diu and Dadra Nagar Haveli (99.63%) and Rajasthan (99.37%).
  • This is the third tranche of the preliminary findings from the analysis of the PMSVANidhi implementation data obtained under the RTI Act. Readers are welcome to make use of this data in their own advocacy efforts or seek more granular implementation at the level of the 75 cities that the scheme covers. It is hoped that more probing questions about the implementation and outcomes of the scheme are raised in Parliament.
All facts are in the public domain. Views are personal.
---
*Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative, New Delhi

Comments

TRENDING

Savarkar 'criminally betrayed' Netaji and his INA by siding with the British rulers

By Shamsul Islam* RSS-BJP rulers of India have been trying to show off as great fans of Netaji. But Indians must know what role ideological parents of today's RSS/BJP played against Netaji and Indian National Army (INA). The Hindu Mahasabha and RSS which always had prominent lawyers on their rolls made no attempt to defend the INA accused at Red Fort trials.

Kailash Satyarthi NGO makes slum kids laud RSS founder Hedgewar as freedom fighter

By Rajiv Shah  In a move which may raise many an eyebrow, a Nobel laureate Kailash Satyarthi-supported child rights NGO has celebrated Prime Minister Narendra Modi-intitiated Har Ghar Tiranga by commemorating 75 freedom fighters by "narrating their famous deeds and chanting slogans of each leader", including Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhas Chandra Bose, Lala Lajpat Rai and a person who had little or nothing common with the freedom movement -- RSS founder Keshav Baliram Hedgewar. A communique from the Kailash Satyarthi Childrens Foundation (KSCF), which organised the event, said among the freedom fighters celebrated by 75 children on the occasion of 75 years of India's independence placing photographs of each freedom fighter included that of Hedgewar, who is alleged to have maintained a distance from Indian Independence movement led by Gandhiji. According to Hedgewar's biography, when Gandhiji launched the Salt Satyagraha in 1930, Hedgewar sent information ev

Savarkar in Ahmedabad 'declared' two-nation theory in 1937, Jinnah followed 3 years later

By Our Representative One of the top freedom fighters whom BJP and Prime Minister Narendra Modi revere the most, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, was also a great supporter of the two nation theory for India, one for Hindus another for Muslims, claims a new expose on the man who is also known to be the original proponent of the concept of Hindutva.

Unlike other revolutionaries, Hindutva icon wrote 5 mercy petitions to British masters

By Shamsul Islam*  The Hindutva icon VD Savarkar of the RSS-BJP rulers of India submitted not one, two,or three but five mercy petitions to the British masters! Savarkarites argue: “There are no evidences to prove that Savarkar collaborated with the British for his release from jail. In fact, his appeal for release was a ruse. He was well aware of the political developments outside and wanted to be part of it. So he kept requesting for his release. But the British authorities did not trust him a bit” (YD Phadke, ‘A complex Hero’, "The Indian Expres"s, August 31, 2004)

Golwalkar's views on tricolour, martyrs, minorities, caste as per RSS archives

By Shamsul Islam*  First time in the history of independent India, the in-charge minister of the Cultural Ministry in the current Modi government, Prahlad Singh Patel, has glorified MS Golwalkar, second supremo of the RSS and the most prominent ideologue of the RSS till date, on his birth anniversary, February 19. In a tweet he wrote : “Remembering a great thinker, scholar, and remarkable leader #MSGolwalkar on his birth anniversary. His thoughts will remain a source of inspiration & continue to guide generations.”

Gujarat's 'low-key' communalism: right-wing groups compete for anti-Muslim space

By Rajiv Shah  Noticing the emergence of a novel trend, a just-released report based on a fact-finding team's observations following its interaction in particular with Hindu and Muslim political activists, administrators and police officials, has claimed that a major reason why chasm between the two communities in Gujarat has lately reached new heights is, a veritable competition between Hindu right-wing groups and leaders to capture the existing communal space. Titled "Hindu Right, Communal Riots and Demolitions: Emerging Pattern of Communal Riots in India", the report has been prepared against the backdrop of what it calls "low intensity" communalism which has characterised rioting in Gujarat in the recent past, especially after the 2002 communal carnage, one of the worst in Independent India. Especially focusing on riots in two Gujarat towns, Himmatnagar and Khambhat, which took place on April 10, the day clashes broke also out in different parts of India on

Gujarat govt 'contradicts' MHA memo while freeing Bilkis Bano gangrape convicts

By Our Representative  The All-India Progressive Women's Association (AIPWA) has said that Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Home Minister Amit Shah "must answer for the decision to free Bilkis Bano's gang rapists." In a statement, AIPWA has wondered, "What was the basis of the Gujarat Government’s decision to free those men on August 15, 2022, to celebrate what the PM Modi calls India’s Amrit Kaal? Was remission and freedom a reward for rape and murder of Muslims?" The statement comes amidst an Ahmedabad-based legal rights non-pofit, which took up the cause of Bilkis Bano and fought her case right up to the Supreme Court, Centre for Social Justice (CSJ), suggesting that the Gujarat government move to allow remission to the convicts contradicts the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) Guidelines for Granting Special Remission to Prisoners on August 15, 2022 (75th anniversary of Independence), January 26, 2023, and again on August 15, 2023. Citing the MHA notificat

Need to ask at today's 'critical juncture' of India's history: Whose Freedom@75?

By Fr Cedric Prakash SJ*  The official propaganda states that: “Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav is an initiative of the Government of India to celebrate and commemorate 75 years of independence and the glorious history of it's people, culture and achievements. This Mahotsav is dedicated to the people of India who have not only been instrumental in bringing India thus far in its evolutionary journey but also hold within them the power and potential to enable Prime Minister Narendra Modi's vision of activating India 2.0, fuelled by the spirit of Aatmanirbhar Bharat. The official journey of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav commenced on 12th March 2021 which started a 75-week countdown to our 75th anniversary of independence and will end post a year on 15th August 2023.” So as India completes a landmark seventy-five years of freedom – a platinum jubilee – the only question one needs to ask at this critical juncture of the country’s history is “whose freedom@75?” Since March 2020, it has been a di

Har ghar tiranga: will the hungry bellies raise their hand to unfurl the national flag?

By Bhabani Shankar Nayak*  Indians are going to unfurl the tricolour to celebrate the 75th anniversary of India's Independence on 15th of August 2022. Indian freedom struggle has not only shaped India as a modern constitutional democracy but also shaped the nature of state, society and citizenship. The anti-colonial, anti-capitalist, anti-feudal and anti-imperialist struggle were the four pillars of Indian freedom struggle that laid the foundation of a sovereign nation state promised to pursue a society based on socialist, scientific and secular values to ensure egalitarian citizenship rights without any form of discrimination. These inalienable values are central to the unity, integrity, peace, prosperity and progress of India as a multicultural society and secular state. It is time to celebrate these values and promises of Indian independence, a product of struggles and sacrifice of millions of working-class people across the country. India at 75 is still a young nation but old e

RSS, Sangh Parivar consider tricolour as "state flag" and not "national flag"

By Teesta Setalvad* Today, when the nation has been independent for 67 years, the Sangh Parivar is set to launch ‘Tiranga yatras’ and Satyagrahas to defend the honour of the flag and the nation. Yet when the Indian people were involved in the decades-long struggle for freedom against British imperialism, the RSS was conspicuous by its absence in the struggle. When thousands of people faced lathis, bullets and jail sentences for hoisting the tiranga and participated all over the country in satyagraha during the Civil Disobedience and Quit India movements against the British Raj, the Sangh publicly took the stand that it would not take part in the movement and seldom missed the opportunity of assuring the British rulers that they would keep to the right side of colonial law and avoid any clash with the authorities. Of course the reason given for this was that the Sangh was secretly strengthening itself and would take on British imperialism only when it was strong enough to do so! A simil