Skip to main content

Maulana Azad had sensed: Sardar Patel 'instigated' Nehru into accepting partition

By Firoz Bakht Ahmed*

The ghost of partition is haunting us even today. Partition is a very complex and complicated jinx to understand. However, it couldn’t be understood unless we go into the details with Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, quite a few of which were confided into me by his nephew (and my father), Ghulam Yasin’s son, Nooruddin Ahmed at the time when 30 unpublished pages of Maulana Azad’s “India Wins Freedom” had to be published in 1988 as per his wishes 30 years after his death.
Nooruddin Ahmed was brought up by Maulana like his own son, as Azad had no issue. in fact, Azad loved his nephew of his own son.
Of course, some curtains were raised by Jaswant Singh, the sidelined BJP leader, in his, “Jinnah - India, Partition, Independence”, in which he asserted that the main villain of the vivisection wasn’t Quaid-e-Azam Mohammed Ali Jinnah, but our very own, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first Prime Minister. This was embarrassing not only for the Congress but others as well.
Jaswant Singh said that there was a time before the vivisection of the subcontinent when nobody was a bigger nationalist and more faithful advocate of the solidarity of India than Jinnah (whom we term as Qatil-e-Azam), not even Gandhiji. Jinnah dithered because of the Nehru bandwagon, when Jinnah asked for a bigger number of Muslim representatives for the Constituent Assembly.
Jaswant Singh, who called Jinnah a nationalist leader, said that prior to the misunderstanding and bad blood, first created in 1929 on the issue of “separate electorate”, and then in 1946, regarding the Cabinet Mission Plan, Jinnah was heads and shoulders above other nationalists.
“He fought the British for an independent India but also fought resolutely and relentlessly for the interest of Muslims of India... the acme of his nationalistic achievement was the 1916 Lucknow Pact of Hindu-Muslim unity,” Jaswant Singh wrote.
On Nehru’s denial, daggers were drawn. Nehru failed to comprehend that a couple of seats’ sacrifice would have saved the partition. Both were highly brilliant barristers and were huge intellectual rivals. Nehru’s recalcitrant behaviour played the hell, leading the creation of an Islamic nation. However, Jaswant Singh was vilified because he termed Nehru, and not Jinnah, as the true villains for the vivisection.
Somewhat similar allegations have been recorded by Maulana Azad in his last 30 pages of “India Wins Freedom” that were published 30 years after his death (February 22, 1958) in 1988 by Orient Longman.
When I visited Nooruddin in Kolkata at his house (32, Bright Street), he told me about certain glaring realities of the partition that hadn’t seen the light of the day that got published in the major newspapers and magazine of that time, “The Times of India”, “Deccan Chronicle”, “The Illustrated Weekly”, “The Telegraph, Sunday”, besides others. 
Patel was now an even greater supporter of the two nation theory than Jinnah. Jinnah may have raised the flag of partition but now the real flag bearer was Patel
He told me, a lot of Azad’s unpublished work had been thieved or destroyed by some distant relatives of my father living as a recluse in Calcutta during the controversy around “India Wins Freedom”. It was a time when dirty linen was washed by some relatives of Azad to grab the royalty rights of “India Wins Freedom.” Maulana Azad was quite aggravated about partition, I was told. He believed Nehru of being lured into partition by the Mountbattens. 
Azad had also written a book “Jashn-e-Azadi ya Taqseem-e-Hind” that never got published. It is reported to be containing some glaring truths on partition, as per a page 1 report in “The Times of India”, October 10, 1992, by Sakina Yusuf Khan. My father told me that the book was basically a retort against Nehru, Patel and Gandhi regarding their role in partition. 
Since Maulana had a tremendous regard for Patel and Nehru, and he didn’t want to hurt them during their lifetime, he made a will that the last 30 pages of the book should be published only 30 years after his death -- a time when all these people too would be no more.
In these 30 pages, Azad said that Patel was the one who was mainly responsible for partition. Page 201 of the 1988 edition of “India Wins Freedom” states, “I was surprised that Patel was now an even greater supporter of the two nation theory than Jinnah. Jinnah may have raised the flag of partition but now the real flag bearer was Patel.”
The diary of Maniben, Sardar Patel’s daughter, who used to accompany him to almost every place, from June 8, 1936 till Sardar’s death on December 15, 1950, serves to highlight the deep regard Patel held for Gandhi as also his serious differences with Nehru on a host of issues, including Hyderabad, Kashmir, foreign policy, especially with regard to Tibet, Hindu-Muslim problems, etc.
Maniben’s diary also reveals differences between Sardar Patel and Maulana Azad, particularly with regard to Maulana’s “secret” dealings with the Cabinet Mission and later in respect of the Hindu-Muslim problem.
The seeds of discord for the partition were sown in the mismanagement of the Cabinet Mission Plan as per the facts recorded in eminent scholar and editor-in-chief of “Salar”, an Urdu daily from Bangalore, B Sheikh Ali’s book “Maulana Azad: Vision and Action”. He states that according to the Federal system, both Hindus and Muslims were to be given their due and both were satisfied about that.
During 1946, even Maulana Azad was in favour of the Cabinet Mission Plan as the populace was sensibly categorized into three areas, namely, A, B and C.
‘A’ represented the areas with Hindu majority while ‘B’ stood for Muslim dominated areas and ‘C’ stood for areas with Muslim majority in the North East. This was a plan that had eased communal conflagration and aimed at cementing communal concord.
It was all harmonious till the time Maulana Azad sensed that Sardar Patel instigated Nehru to not only make changes into the Cabinet Mission Plan but his intention to completely shelve it. Azad ran to Gandhi at 10 AM on March 31, 1947 to report to him that the danger of partition was lurking and that he must interfere.
He was told by the Father of the Nation that no changes would be effected into the Cabinet Mission Plan and if that happened it would be on his corpse. A panicky Maulana got pacified.
Nevertheless, by 4 PM, the same day, no one knew what had transpired between Nehru and Sardar Patel, and they had finally decided for partition. Azad, a man of unsurpassable intuition, got the feeler that partition was on the cards. Jolted and jarred, Azad again ran to Gandhi, realizing that partition had become inescapable. However, he found that Gandhi also sided with Nehru and Patel on the issue of partition.
According to B Sheikh Ali, Azad had said at that, “What shocked me to the smithereens was the fact that Gandhi too started quoting the same ideology for effecting partition that was Patel’s.” It is time that the reality of partition dawns upon people and the blot from the Muslim community held responsible for the partition is washed.
---
*Commentator on social, educational and religious issues; grandnephew of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad; chancellor, Maulana Azad National Urdu University, Hyderabad

Comments

Hindustani said…
So cleverly, you have been able to hide evil deeds of an Arab Saiyad Maulana Azad, who was almost an illiterate (unschooled) person with no education of being social with others.
Maulana was sent to India with a mission. The speeches delivered by him in Aligarh made his intentions clear that his goal never had been freedom of India but ho unite the muslims all over the world for Global Jihad.

TRENDING

Swami Vivekananda's views on caste and sexuality were 'painfully' regressive

By Bhaskar Sur* Swami Vivekananda now belongs more to the modern Hindu mythology than reality. It makes a daunting job to discover the real human being who knew unemployment, humiliation of losing a teaching job for 'incompetence', longed in vain for the bliss of a happy conjugal life only to suffer the consequent frustration.

How lead petitioner was rendered homeless when GM mustard matter came up in SC

By Rosamma Thomas*  On January 5, 2023, the Supreme Court stayed a December 20, 2022 direction of the Uttarakhand High Court to the Indian Railways and the district administration of Haldwani to use paramilitary forces to evict thousands of poor families occupying land that belonged to the railways.  Justice AS Oka remarked that it was not right to order the bringing in of paramilitary forces. The SC held that even those who had no rights, but were living there for years, needed to be rehabilitated. On December 21, 2022, just as she was getting ready to celebrate Christmas, researcher Aruna Rodrigues was abruptly evicted from her home in Mhow Cantonment, Madhya Pradesh – no eviction notice was served, and nearly 30 Indian Army soldiers bearing arms were part of the eviction process. What is noteworthy in this case is that the records establishing possession of the house date back to 1892 – the title deed with the name of Dr VP Cardoza, Rodrigues’ great grandfather, is dated November 14

Buddhist shrines were 'massively destroyed' by Brahmanical rulers: Historian DN Jha

Nalanda mahavihara By Our Representative Prominent historian DN Jha, an expert in India's ancient and medieval past, in his new book , "Against the Grain: Notes on Identity, Intolerance and History", in a sharp critique of "Hindutva ideologues", who look at the ancient period of Indian history as "a golden age marked by social harmony, devoid of any religious violence", has said, "Demolition and desecration of rival religious establishments, and the appropriation of their idols, was not uncommon in India before the advent of Islam".

Savarkar 'criminally betrayed' Netaji and his INA by siding with the British rulers

By Shamsul Islam* RSS-BJP rulers of India have been trying to show off as great fans of Netaji. But Indians must know what role ideological parents of today's RSS/BJP played against Netaji and Indian National Army (INA). The Hindu Mahasabha and RSS which always had prominent lawyers on their rolls made no attempt to defend the INA accused at Red Fort trials.

Tax buoyancy claims when less than 4% Indian dollar millionaires pay income tax

By Prasanna Mohanty  In FY18, the last year for which disaggregated income tax data is available, only 29,002 ITRs declared income above Rs 5 crore, while Credit Suisse said India had 7.25 lakh dollar millionaires (the wealth equivalent of Rs 8 crore and above) that year. Often enough, the Centre claims that demonetization in 2016 raised tax collections, improved tax efficiency, and expanded the tax base. Now RBI Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) member Ashima Goyal has also joined their ranks, attributing the “claims” of rising tax collections in the current fiscal year to “tax buoyancy” brought by the demonetisation . Do such claims have any basis in official records? The answer is unequivocal. The budget documents show the tax-to-GDP ratio (direct plus indirect tax) increased from 10.6% in FY16 (pre-demonetization) to 11.2% in FY17, remained there in FY18 (demonetization and GST fiscals), and then fell to 9.9% in FY20. In FY22, it improved to 10.8% and is estimated to drop to 10.7% in

Cyrus Mistry, PM Modi’s brother: What do these accidents have in common? Merc!

By Rosamma Thomas*  In September 2022, in an accident at Palghar near Mumbai, Cyrus Mistry, former chairman of the Tata Group, died in a road accident . On December 28, 2022, a road accident in Mysore left one of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s brothers injured. What is common in these accidents? The car that crashed into the divider on the road, in both these cases, was manufactured by “prestigious” German manufacturer Mercedes Benz. One former dealer of Mercedes Benz cars in India has been raising issues of the threat to the lives of those riding these cars for many years now. Cama Motors, among the oldest dealers of foreign cars, having started business in pre-independence India, noted over 10 years ago that Mercedes Benz was indulging in corrupt practices . The cars are currently priced between Rs 41 lakh and Rs 2.92 crore in India; few people realize that the pride of owning a Merc comes at considerable risk to life. Cama Motors carefully documented several of the flaws on a websi

Gandhian unease at Mahadev Desai book launch: Sabarmati Ashram may lose free space

By Rajiv Shah  A simmering apprehension has gripped the Gandhians who continue to be trustees of the Sabarmati Ashram: the “limited freedom” to express one’s views under the Modi dispensation still available at the place which Mahatma Gandhi made his home from 1917 to 1930 may soon be taken away. Also known as Harijan Ashram, a meeting held for introducing yet-to-be-released book, “Mahadev Desai: Mahatma Gandhi's Frontline Reporter”, saw speaker and after speaker point towards “narrowing space” in Gujarat for Gandhians (as also others) to express themselves. Penned by veteran journalist Nachiketa Desai, grandson of Mahadev Desai, while the book was planned to be released on January 1 and the meeting saw several prominent personalities, including actor-director Nandita Das, her scholar-mother Varsha Das, British House of Lords member Bhikhu Parekh, among others, speak glowingly about the effort put in for bringing out the book, exchanges between speakers suggested it should be rele

Civil rights leaders allege corporate loot of resources, suppression of democratic rights

By Our Representative  Civil rights activists have alleged, quoting top intelligence officers as also multiple international forensic reports, that recent developments with regard to the Bhima Koregaon and the Citizenship Amendment Act-National Register of Citizens (CAA-NRC) cases suggest, there was "no connection between the Elgaar Parishad event and the Bhima Koregaon violence." Activists of the Campaign Against State Repression (CASR) told a media event at the HKS Surjeet Bhawan, New Delhi, that, despite this, several political prisoners continue to be behind bars on being accused under the anti-terror the draconian Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act. Addressed by family members of the political prisoners, academics, as well as social activists, it was highlighted how cases were sought to be fabricated against progressive individuals, democratic activists and intellectuals, who spoke out against "corporate loot of Indian resources, suppression of basic democratic

Kerala natural rubber producers 'squeezed', attend to their plight: Govt of India told

By Rosamma Thomas   Babu Joseph, general secretary of the National Federation of Rubber Producers Societies (NFRPS) at a recent discussion at Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, explained that it is high time the Union government paid greater heed to the troubles plaguing the rubber production sector in India – rubber is a strategic product, important for the military establishment and for industry, since natural rubber is still used in the manufacture of tyres for large vehicles and aeroplanes. Synthetic rubber is now quite widespread, but styrene, which is used in making synthetic rubber and plastics, and also butadiene, another major constituent of synthetic rubber, are both hazardous. Prolonged exposure to these even in recycled rubber can cause neurological damage. Kerala produces the bulk of India’s natural rubber. In 2019-20, Kerala’s share in the national production of rubber was over 74%. Over 20% of the gross cropped area in the state is under rubber cultivation, with total

Bangladesh 'rights violations': US softens stance, fears increased clout of China, India

By Tilottama Rani Charulata*  In December 2021, in addition to the Rapid Action Battalion (RAB), the United States imposed sanctions on seven former and current officers of the force, alleging serious human rights violations. Benazir Ahmed and former RAB-7 commander Miftah Uddin Ahmed were banned from entering the US. RAB as an institution was also canceled the support it was getting from the US and its allies. At the same time, those under the ban have been notified of confiscation of assets held abroad. The anti-crime and anti-terrorism unit of the Bangladesh Police, RAB is the elite force consisting of members of the Bangladesh Army, Bangladesh Police, Bangladesh Navy, Bangladesh Air Force, Border Guard Bangladesh, Bangladesh Civil Service and Bangladesh Ansar, and has been criticized by rights groups for its use of extrajudicial killings and is accused of forced disappearances. The government of Bangladesh has been insisting about lifting the ban on RAB, but the US had till recen