Skip to main content

Returning migrants, stagnation in rural economy 'increased' NREGA demand

Counterview Desk

The second report of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) implementation tracker by the People's Action for Employment Guarantee (PAEG), a group of activists, academics and members of peoples' organizations, has found 11 percent more persondays of employment was generated in the first quarter of FY 2020-21 (April-July) compared to the projected labour budget in this period.
Pointing out that about 17 percent demand for NREGA remained unmet during the period, NREGA tracker, which claims to be an attempt to monitor the performance of NREGA by making some key metrics available to everybody in an “accessible manner”, says, more than 12 percent unmet demand for employment in all the districts was under the Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyan (GKRA).

Excerpts:

Forty eight percent of the total NREGA budget (revised) for 2020-21 has already been spent in the first 4 months

Table 1 shows the status of fund availability in select states. The net balance is the difference between the total allotted funds and total expenditure including payment dues. Though there has been an increase in allocation of funds to the states by Rs.12,000 crores between 02 July 2020 and 03 August 2020, the net balance of funds available with the states has fallen from 16.35 percent to 11.92 percent in this period. Odisha has a negative balance of over 3 percent.
States like Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh have less than 5 percent of their allocated funds left. This is at a time when there is an unmet demand for employment of more than 27 percent and 14 percent in Uttar Pradesh and Andhra respectively. Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, and Telangana have a balance of less than 10 percent.

Forty three percent payments transactions for the month of July are pending from the Central government

Table 2 shows that 42.77 percent of the total transactions and 39.79 percent of the total payments are pending for the month of July. Over 3 crore transactions are pending for response upto July. 16.47 percent of the total transactions and 15.56 percent of the total payments are pending for the months up to July.

38 Lakh new job cards made since April 2020

Returning migrants and the stagnation in the rural economy has increased demand for NREGA employment and new households are registering for job cards and work. 14.68 lakh new job cards were issued in Uttar Pradesh alone which is an 8.64 percent jump from previous year.
In Telangana there has been a 4.56 percent fall in the number of new job cards issued this year compared to previous year. Table 3 shows new job cards issued from April 1 to July 31, 2020 in select states and the percentage change in the new job cards issued this year compared to previous year.

4.17 lakh households have completed 100 days of work 

2.26 lakh households had completed 100 days of work till July 2, 2020. It has almost doubled in just one month. However, this is only 0.78 percent of those who have been employed under NREGA this year. The scale of households completing 100 days of employment is much higher in states like Andhra Pradesh (1.90 lakh), and Chhattisgarh (70,000).
Table 4 shows the number of households that are about to complete their 100 days of employment. Roughly, 25 lakh households have completed more than 70 days of work till August 2. This is a testament to NREGA's continued importance and underscores the need to increase NREGA entitlement to at least 200 days per household.

17 percent unmet demand

1.52 crore people who demanded work have not been provided employment. Unmet demand on July 2 was 22 percent. This has decreased to 17 percent as on August 3. Table 5 shows that there has been improvement in each of the select states (except Madhya Pradesh) between July 10 and August 3 to meet the unmet demand for work.


Comments

TRENDING

'Flawed' argument: Gandhi had minimal role, naval mutinies alone led to Independence

Counterview Desk Reacting to a Counterview  story , "Rewiring history? Bose, not Gandhi, was real Father of Nation: British PM Attlee 'cited'" (January 26, 2016), an avid reader has forwarded  reaction  in the form of a  link , which carries the article "Did Atlee say Gandhi had minimal role in Independence? #FactCheck", published in the site satyagrahis.in. The satyagraha.in article seeks to debunk the view, reported in the Counterview story, taken by retired army officer GD Bakshi in his book, “Bose: An Indian Samurai”, which claims that Gandhiji had a minimal role to play in India's freedom struggle, and that it was Netaji who played the crucial role. We reproduce the satyagraha.in article here. Text: Nowadays it is said by many MK Gandhi critics that Clement Atlee made a statement in which he said Gandhi has ‘minimal’ role in India's independence and gave credit to naval mutinies and with this statement, they concluded the whole freedom struggle.

A Hindu alternative to Valentine's Day? 'Shiv-Parvati was first love marriage in Universe'

By Rajiv Shah*   The other day, I was searching on Google a quote on Maha Shivratri which I wanted to send to someone, a confirmed Shiv Bhakt, quite close to me -- with an underlying message to act positively instead of being negative. On top of the search, I chanced upon an article in, imagine!, a Nashik Corporation site which offered me something very unusual. 

Don't agree on domestic subsidies, ensure food security at WTO meet: Farmer leaders

Counterview Desk  The Indian Coordination Committee of Farmers Movements (ICCFM), a top network of farmers’ organizations in India, in a letter to Piyush Goyal, Minister of Commerce and Industry, has asked him to “safeguard food security and sovereignty, even as ensuring peasants' rights" at the 13th Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization (WTO MC 13), to take place from 26 to 29 February 2024 in Abu Dhabi.

Sharp 61-85% fall in Tech startup funding in India's top 'business-friendly' States

By Rajiv Shah Funding in Tech startups in top business-friendly Indian states has witnessed a major fall, a data intelligence platform for private market research has said in a series of reports it has released this month. Analysing Tech startup data of Telangana, Maharashtra, Delhi NCR, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala, Tracxn Technologies Ltd , the Bengaluru-based research firm, finds that except for Kerala, funding witnessed a fall of anywhere between 61% and 85%.

Students, lawyers, professors detained in Delhi for demonstrating in support of farmers

By Our Representative  About 25 protestors, belonging to the civil rights network, Campaign Against State Repression (CASR), a coalition of over 40 organisations, were detained at Jantar Mantar for holding a demonstration in support of the farmers' stir on Friday. Those detained included students, lawyers and professors, including Prof Nandita Narain and Prof N Sachin. 

Maize, bajra, jute, banana cultivation banned off West Bengal border: Plea to NHRC

Counterview Desk  West Bengal-based human rights defender Kirity Roy, who is secretary, Banglar Manabadhikar Suraksha Manch, and is national convenor of the Programme Against Custodial Torture & Impunity, in a representation to the chairman, National Human Rights Commission, second within few days, has bought to light one more case of trespassing and destruction of a fertile banana plantation by BSF personnel along the Indo-Bangladesh border, stating, despite a written complaint to the police has taken "no initiative".

Solar energy funding dips 9% in 2023; 2024 'kicks off' with US$1 billion investment

By Lakshmitha Raj*  Solar energy tech companies have already secured slightly over US$1 billion in funding in 2024 (till Feb 7, 2024) after total funding into Solar Energy companies in India fell 9% to US$1.55B in 2023 from US$1.7B in 2022. A total of 39 $100M+ rounds have been closed till date, with Delhi leading the city-wise funding, followed by Gurugram and Mumbai.

India second best place to invest, next to UAE, yet there is 'lacks support' for IT services

By Sreevas Sahasranamam, Aileen Ionescu-Somers*  The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is the best place in the world to start a new business, according to the latest annual Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) survey. The Arab nation is number one for the third year in a row thanks to a big push by the government into cutting-edge technology in its efforts to diversify away from oil.

Buddhist shrines were 'massively destroyed' by Brahmanical rulers: Historian DN Jha

Nalanda mahavihara By Our Representative Prominent historian DN Jha, an expert in India's ancient and medieval past, in his new book , "Against the Grain: Notes on Identity, Intolerance and History", in a sharp critique of "Hindutva ideologues", who look at the ancient period of Indian history as "a golden age marked by social harmony, devoid of any religious violence", has said, "Demolition and desecration of rival religious establishments, and the appropriation of their idols, was not uncommon in India before the advent of Islam".

Mahanadi delta: Aggressive construction in flood plains, reduced fish stock, pollution

By Sudhansu R Das  Frequent natural calamities, unemployment, low farmers’ income, increase in crime rate and lack of quality human resources to strike a balance between growth and environment etc. continue to haunt the state. The state should delve into the root causes of poverty, unemployment and natural calamities.