Skip to main content

Govt of India report: Gujarat slums are more untenable than all other states

By Our Representative
In an alarming revelation, a high-powered Government of India committee headed by top scholar Prof Amitabh Kundu has calculated that #Gujarat's 162 slums, of which 130 are notified, have the lowest tenability index than anywhere else in the country. The committee, appointed by the previous UPA government in January 2014, submitted its report recently to the Union ministry housing and urban poverty alleviation to "calculate" which are slums and slum-dwelling households could be regularized.
The report says, a household in a slum is "tenable" if it is situated in a notified slum regardless of the location, it is in an area which is "non-hazardous/non-objectionable” even if it is not in situated in the notified area, and has 10 per cent households with "patta, possession certificate or occupancy rights." Kundu is one of the best known urban experts of India specializing on urban demographic issues.
The reort underlines, "This index indicates the extent to which the state has extended tenure rights on those who are prima facie eligible to make such a claim and have the potential to be recognized and extended such tenure rights."
The report shows that on a scale of 1, Gujarat's slum tenability index (STI) is just 0.21 as against the all-India STI of 0.72. Punjab's STI index is 0.93, followed by Maharashtra's 0.90, Jammu and Kashmir's 0.85, Kerala's 0.84, Andhra Pradesh's Telangana's and Rajasthan's 0.79, Uttar Pradesh's 0.78, and so on.
The report warns, the states with a higher proportion of untenable slum households may lead to a situation where "in the future, states will not grant patta, possession certificate or occupancy rights in such slums" at all, suggesting that eviction in these slums may well become a major reality.
In absolute terms, as against Gujarat's 23,614 slum households in 130 "tenable" slums, just about 4,697 households, or about 19 per cent, have patta or possession certificate or occupation certificate, as against the national average of 54 per cent. The lowest in India, it indicates "failure" of the state government to regularize slum dwellers, hampering their right to legally own a dwelling on being displaced.
The report is significant, as it comes close on heels of the committee's view, reported in sections of media, which said Gujarat's and #Ahmedabad's slum development index, based on the situation of slums in 2011 as against what it was a decade earlier, in 2001, is one of the worst in India.
By "non-tenable slums" -- whose proportion was found to be the highest compared to all Indian states -- the committee means those that "are those that are located in along major transport alignment, along other drains, along raiway lne, along river/ water body tank, along storm water drain/nallah, on river/ water body bed", and "hazardous or objectionable” areas.
The report says, "The index decided by the committee is the number of slum households who have recognized tenure rights, e.g., patta, possession certificate, occupancy right, etc. as a ratio of non-rental slum households that are living in tenable slums, as defined above."
There is, however, a disclaimer -- that the STI, calculated using the validated data from 7,550 slums, should be "considered as a sample drawn from the universe of slums in that state" and not final verdict. "The committee is unable to ascertain the extent to which the sample is representative for that state. The STI should be seen more as a methodological contribution than as an accurate measure of the level of tenability in that state, pending full validation of the data", the report says.

Comments

TRENDING

IMA vs Ramdev: Why what's good or bad for goose should be good or bad for gander

By Dr Amitav Banerjee, MD* Baba Ramdev and his associate Balkrishna faced the wrath of the Supreme Court for their propaganda about their Ayurvedic products and belittling mainstream medicine. Baba Ramdev had to apologize in court. His apology was not accepted and he may face the contempt of court with harsher punishment. The Supreme Court acted on a public interest litigation (PIL) moved by the Indian Medical Association (IMA).

Women innovators on simple, revolutionary alternate solutions for water problems

By Proshakha Maitra, Mansee Bal Bhargava* The detrimental effects of uncontrolled population rise and accelerated change in the global climate have posed tremendous pressure on the water and sanitation. This calls all stakeholders, from both developed and developing nations, to improve their resilience and to instigate sustainability. It is more crucial than ever to optimise the use of the resources we have on hand since the world population is projected to reach 9.7 billion by 2050.

Magnetic, stunning, Protima Bedi 'exposed' malice of sexual repression in society

By Harsh Thakor*  Protima Bedi was born to a baniya businessman and a Bengali mother as Protima Gupta in Delhi in 1949. Her father was a small-time trader, who was thrown out of his family for marrying a dark Bengali women. The theme of her early life was to rebel against traditional bondage. It was extraordinary how Protima underwent a metamorphosis from a conventional convent-educated girl into a freak. On October 12th was her 75th birthday; earlier this year, on August 18th it was her 25th death anniversary.

Alleged killing of another Bangladesh youth inside Indian territory: NHRC inquiry sought

By Kirity Roy* There was yet another incident of the killing of a Bangladeshi youth by the Border Security Force personnel attached with ‘Barthar’ BOP of ‘G’ Company of 75 BSF Battalion. In last five years several incidents of killings happened under this police station’s jurisdiction and the cases will get the award as “Not Guilty” as usual.

Modi model, Hindutva icon 'justified' alliance with Muslim League before Independence

By Shamsul Islam*  Our PM describes himself as ‘Hindu’ nationalist and member of RSS. He proudly shares the fact that he was groomed to be a political leader by one of the two fathers of the Hindutva politics, MS Golwalkar (the other being VD Savarkar) and given the task of establishing Hindutva polity in India after eradicating secularism.

A Hindu alternative to Valentine's Day? 'Shiv-Parvati was first love marriage in Universe'

By Rajiv Shah*   The other day, I was searching on Google a quote on Maha Shivratri which I wanted to send to someone, a confirmed Shiv Bhakt, quite close to me -- with an underlying message to act positively instead of being negative. On top of the search, I chanced upon an article in, imagine!, a Nashik Corporation site which offered me something very unusual. 

Crusader for people’s causes, this Hollywood actor entered 'unexplored zones' in US

By Harsh Thakor*  Marlon Brando on April 3rd completes his birth centenary. He perished in 2004, on July 1, aged 80 years. Arguably in Hollywood Brando penetrated sensitivity and versatility at an unparalleled scale and discovered new horizons or explored path breaking zones in acting.

Nuclear power expansion: Is AEC's new, 'unrealistic' target fully backed by PMO?

By Shankar Sharma*  Another unrealistic and tall claim by Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) has been announced: India is eyeing 100 GW nuclear power by 2047, the AEC chairman  AK Mohanty   has said. A few years ago, the dream target for the Indian nuclear establishment was 275,000 MWe of nuclear power by 2050 (as per DAE document of 2008 "A Strategy for the Growth of Electricity in India”). Now this target of 100 GW nuclear power by 2047. And as at the end of February 2024, the actual nuclear power capacity was only 7,480 MWe, which formed only 1.7% of the total power capacity in the country. 

'Flawed' argument: Gandhi had minimal role, naval mutinies alone led to Independence

Counterview Desk Reacting to a Counterview  story , "Rewiring history? Bose, not Gandhi, was real Father of Nation: British PM Attlee 'cited'" (January 26, 2016), an avid reader has forwarded  reaction  in the form of a  link , which carries the article "Did Atlee say Gandhi had minimal role in Independence? #FactCheck", published in the site satyagrahis.in. The satyagraha.in article seeks to debunk the view, reported in the Counterview story, taken by retired army officer GD Bakshi in his book, “Bose: An Indian Samurai”, which claims that Gandhiji had a minimal role to play in India's freedom struggle, and that it was Netaji who played the crucial role. We reproduce the satyagraha.in article here. Text: Nowadays it is said by many MK Gandhi critics that Clement Atlee made a statement in which he said Gandhi has ‘minimal’ role in India's independence and gave credit to naval mutinies and with this statement, they concluded the whole freedom struggle.

How huge crowd at Mukhtar Ansari funeral is comparable to BJP's 'people's court' talk

By Vidya Bhushan Rawat*  The massive crowd at the funeral of Mukhtar Ansari in Mohammadabad reflects the power and influence that his family wields in the area. One can't deny that he had enormous power in Ghazipur and Mau districts. But the crowd that came and chanted slogans in his favour does not exonerate him of his conviction by the court.  It is important that we understand this.