Skip to main content

Govt of India report: Gujarat slums are more untenable than all other states

By Our Representative
In an alarming revelation, a high-powered Government of India committee headed by top scholar Prof Amitabh Kundu has calculated that #Gujarat's 162 slums, of which 130 are notified, have the lowest tenability index than anywhere else in the country. The committee, appointed by the previous UPA government in January 2014, submitted its report recently to the Union ministry housing and urban poverty alleviation to "calculate" which are slums and slum-dwelling households could be regularized.
The report says, a household in a slum is "tenable" if it is situated in a notified slum regardless of the location, it is in an area which is "non-hazardous/non-objectionable” even if it is not in situated in the notified area, and has 10 per cent households with "patta, possession certificate or occupancy rights." Kundu is one of the best known urban experts of India specializing on urban demographic issues.
The reort underlines, "This index indicates the extent to which the state has extended tenure rights on those who are prima facie eligible to make such a claim and have the potential to be recognized and extended such tenure rights."
The report shows that on a scale of 1, Gujarat's slum tenability index (STI) is just 0.21 as against the all-India STI of 0.72. Punjab's STI index is 0.93, followed by Maharashtra's 0.90, Jammu and Kashmir's 0.85, Kerala's 0.84, Andhra Pradesh's Telangana's and Rajasthan's 0.79, Uttar Pradesh's 0.78, and so on.
The report warns, the states with a higher proportion of untenable slum households may lead to a situation where "in the future, states will not grant patta, possession certificate or occupancy rights in such slums" at all, suggesting that eviction in these slums may well become a major reality.
In absolute terms, as against Gujarat's 23,614 slum households in 130 "tenable" slums, just about 4,697 households, or about 19 per cent, have patta or possession certificate or occupation certificate, as against the national average of 54 per cent. The lowest in India, it indicates "failure" of the state government to regularize slum dwellers, hampering their right to legally own a dwelling on being displaced.
The report is significant, as it comes close on heels of the committee's view, reported in sections of media, which said Gujarat's and #Ahmedabad's slum development index, based on the situation of slums in 2011 as against what it was a decade earlier, in 2001, is one of the worst in India.
By "non-tenable slums" -- whose proportion was found to be the highest compared to all Indian states -- the committee means those that "are those that are located in along major transport alignment, along other drains, along raiway lne, along river/ water body tank, along storm water drain/nallah, on river/ water body bed", and "hazardous or objectionable” areas.
The report says, "The index decided by the committee is the number of slum households who have recognized tenure rights, e.g., patta, possession certificate, occupancy right, etc. as a ratio of non-rental slum households that are living in tenable slums, as defined above."
There is, however, a disclaimer -- that the STI, calculated using the validated data from 7,550 slums, should be "considered as a sample drawn from the universe of slums in that state" and not final verdict. "The committee is unable to ascertain the extent to which the sample is representative for that state. The STI should be seen more as a methodological contribution than as an accurate measure of the level of tenability in that state, pending full validation of the data", the report says.

Comments

TRENDING

World Bank clarifies: Its 26th rank to India not for universal access to power but for ease of doing business

By Our Representative
In a major embarrassment to the Government of India, the World Bank has reportedly clarified that it has not ranked India 26th out of 130 countries for providing power to its population. The top international banker’s clarification comes following Union Power Minister Piyush Goyal’s claim that India has “improved to 26 position from 99” in access to electricity in just one year.

"Misleading" satellite images being shared on Balakot surgical strike on Jaish camp

By Dr Vinay Kate*
With every passing day more questions are being raised about the surgical strike India did in Balakot as a response to Pulwama attacks. So far the Indian media has claimed mass casulaty of 300+ terrorists of Jaish-e-Mohammad in this surgical strike, but there is hardly any report from foreign media about the same.

Extreme repression, corporate loot, cultural genocide "characterise" India's tribal belt

Counterview Desk
As Lok Sabha polls approach, there is considerable ferment in one section of the population -- India's Adivasis, forming about 8.6 per cent of India's population. Things became particularly critical following the February 14, 2019 Supreme Court order, allegedly seeking to evict lakhs of tribals from their forest lands.

Industry in India "barely growing", export growth 0%, whither moral anchors?

Counterview Desk
In a sharp critique of the Modi government, the Indian Institute of Management-Ahmedabad (IIM-A), one of world renowned economist Prof Kaushik Basu, who is Professor of Economics and Carl Marks Professor of International Studies at Cornell University, has told students at the IIM-A’s 54th Annual Convocation on March 16, 2019 that they have a “special responsibility” on their shoulders, “the responsibility to reject narrow sectarianism, uphold scientific thinking, openness to new ideas, and freedom of speech.”

Gujarat model? Industrial effluents "invade" borewells, discharge coloured water in farms

By Rajiv Shah
In a major embarrassment for Gujarat model, of the 21 samples taken by officials of the state government's environmental watchdog Gujarat Pollution Control Board (GPCB) in two villages of Vadodara district and analyzed by its laboratory in Gandhinagar, the state capital, to find out pollution level in groundwater, 16 were assessed as highly contaminated – these were, in fact, found to be discharging reddish, brownish, reddish, or yellowish water.

Refugees as criminals? US govt report blames Amit Shah for calling Bangladeshis termites

Counterview Desk
The chapter “Freedom of Movement” of the US State Department’s “India 2018 Human Rights Report”, released recently, has criticized BJP chief Amit Shah for terming alleged Bangladeshis who may be in Assam as “termites”, because their names were struck down from the list of National Register of Citizens, under preparation in the state.
Pointing out that four million residents were excluded from Assam’s final draft list, leading to “uncertainty over the status of these individuals, many of whose families had lived in the state for several generations”, the report regrets, the Indian law does not even contain the term “refugee,” treating refugees like Rohingiyas as “any other foreigners.”
“Undocumented physical presence in the country is a criminal offense. Persons without documentation were vulnerable to forced returns and abuse”, the report says.
Text of the Freedom of Movement chapter: The law provides for freedom of internal movement, foreign travel, emigration, a…

Congress would win just 9 of 26 Lok Sabha seats: Gujarat Assembly segment-wise analysis

By Rajiv Shah
Even as the Congress plans its first working committee meet in Gujarat on February 28 after an almost 58 year gap, there is reason to wonder what is in store for India’s grand old party in a state which has been long been a BJP bastion – in fact ever since mid-1990s. Ahead of the then assembly polls in late 2012, talking with me, a senior Gujarat Congress leader, currently Rajya Sabha MP, frankly said he saw no reason why Congress would win.

"Pro-corporate" Supreme Court order on FRA would further marginalize Adivasis

By VS Roy David, JP Raju*
For millions of Adivasis and other traditional forest dwellers February 13, 2019 will go down in history as the day of apocalypse. This is like the proverbial Black Friday where millions of most marginalized people of India were ordered by malicious anti-people draconian Supreme Court order depriving them the life and livelihood by evicting them from their habitats.

Financial inclusion? Not micro-loans; India's poor "need" investment in health, education

By Moin Qazi*
India has grown into a global powerhouse. Its economy is soaring but the picture on the ground is still quite arid. The green shoots that you see are only a patch of its landscape. Most Indians are hapless victims of inequity. India is one country where intense poverty abounds in the shadow of immense wealth.

India, Pakistan told to eliminate nuclear weapons: N-war "would kill" 2 billion

Counterview Desk
The International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW), a non-partisan federation of national medical organizations in 64 countries, representing tens of thousands of doctors, medical students, other health workers, and concerned citizens, claiming to share the common goal of creating a more peaceful and secure world freed from the threat of nuclear annihilation, has warned that “an unprecedented global catastrophe” awaits the globe against the backdrop of warmongering in India and Pakistan.