Skip to main content

Ahmedabad has lowest percent of regular female workers: Insecure at workplace?

By Our Representative
Is Ahmedabad becoming increasingly conservative when it comes "allowing" womenfolk to work outside the household? It would seem so, if the latest data, released by the Government of India's top data collection centre, National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO), is any indication. Apparently, the economic situation, riddled by lack of service protection and security to women, would have added to aggravating the situation for women workers in Ahmedabad.
Released in May third week, the report, "Employment and Unemployment situation in cities and towns in India", has found that the number of "self-employed" workers as proportion of the total female workforce has gone by from 38.8 per cent to a whopping 68.7 per cent, one of the highest among most major Indian cities, between 2004 and 2012.
The NSSO has used "self-employment" to identify three types of household work -- those who work in "household enterprises as own-account workers", those who are self-employed in "household enterprises as an employer", or those are working in"household enterprises as helper", to quote from the report.
The sharp, nearly 30 per cent rise in household work for women, has taken place, NSSO data suggest, even as women in large numbers may have been pushed out of different types of casual work they would have been working for in Ahmedabad. Women casual workers' percentage of total women workforce went down from 31.3 per cent in 2004 to just 5.3 per cent in 2012, a fall of about 26 per cent.
In fact, the data further suggest that the percentage of "regular" female workers, who are paid salary at regularly, during the period in question remained virtually stagnant -- it was 29.9 per cent in 2004 and 31.1 per cent in 2012, which is almost half that of major Indian cities. Apparently, there was little hope for the casual women workers to enter into regular employment, which would offer them with a regular job with a guaranteed renumberation.
What is even more interesting is that, such sharp shift in favour of "self-employment" has not taken place in most major Indian cities. For instance, the NSSO data show, in Bangalore, the percentage of women who are self-employed has almost remained the same -- 23.9 per cent in 2004 and 23.6 per cent in 2012. But those in regular jobs has remained high 67.2 per cent in 2004 and 73.2 per cent in 2012.
The situation is not very different in Chennai, where self-employed women in 2012 were 23.5 per cent and regular female workers 74.7 per cent. In Delhi, the self-employed women in 2012 were calculated at 21.1 per cent, and regular employees 78.3 per cent. In Mumbai, the respective figures for 2012 were 30.6 per cent self-employed and 67.3 per cent regular workers.
Further, in Hyderabad it was 29.4 per cent self-employed women and 62.0 per cent as regular employees. In Kolkata it was 39.0 per cent self-employed women and 49.4 per cent regular workers. And in Pune, it was 13.9 per cent self-employed women and 73.0 per cent as regular employees.
Low employment in regular jobs in Ahmedabad, NSSO data suggest, has meant poor women's participation in the job market. At 19 per cent of the able bodied women in the age group 15 plus, it is down from 21.4 per cent in 2004. As for males, in sharp contrast, it is 77.2 per cent of the able bodied men in 2012 against 79.5 per cent in 2004.

Comments

TRENDING

India under Modi among top 10 autocratizing nations, on verge of 'losing' democracy status

By Rajiv Shah
A new report, prepared by a top Swedish institute studying liberal democracy, has observed that there has been a sharp “dive in press freedom along with increasing repression of civil society in India associated with the current Hindu-nationalist regime of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.” The report places India among the top 10 countries that “have autocratized the most”. Other countries that have been identified for rolling towards autocracy are -- Hungary, Turkey, Poland, Serbia, Brazil, Mali, Thailand, Nicaragua and Zambia.

Savarkar 'criminally betrayed' Netaji and his INA by siding with the British rulers

By Shamsul Islam*
RSS-BJP rulers of India have been trying to show off as great fans of Netaji. But Indians must know what role ideological parents of today's RSS/BJP played against Netaji and Indian National Army (INA). The Hindu Mahasabha and RSS which always had prominent lawyers on their rolls made no attempt to defend the INA accused at Red Fort trials.

Border conflict? RBI nod India's 'brotherly' help to China internationalise its currency

By Bhabani Shankar Nayak*
In the middle of a global pandemic, China started an unprovoked border conflict with India. It unraveled trust deficit and ties between the two neighbours. As thousands of Chinese troops tried occupying Indian territory, the Narendra Modi-led BJP government directs the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to allow the Bank of China to start regular banking services in India. The Bank of China will now operate in India like any other commercial banks.

RSS supremo Deoras 'supported' Emergency, but Indira, Sanjay Gandhi 'didn't respond'

By Shamsul Islam*
National Emergency was imposed on the country by then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi on June 25-26, 1975, and it lasted for 19 months. This period is considered as ''dark times' for Indian democratic polity. Indira Gandhi claimed that due to Jaiprakash Narayan's call to the armed forces to disobey the 'illegal' orders of Congress rulers had created a situation of anarchy and there was danger to the existence of Indian Republic so there was no alternative but to impose Emergency under article 352 of the Constitution.

Clean chit to British rulers, Muslim League? Karnataka to have Veer Savarkar flyovers

By Shamsul Islam*
The BJP government of Karnataka led by BS Yediyurappa is going to honour Hindutva icon VD Savarkar by naming two of the newly built major flyovers in Bangalore and Mangalore after him. There was a huge uproar against this decision of the RSS-BJP government as many pro-Kannada organisations with opposition parties and liberal-secular organizations questioned the logic to ignore so many freedom fighters, social reformers and others from within the state.

Hurried nod to Western Ghat projects: 16 lakh Goans' water security 'jeopardised'

Counterview Desk
Taking strong exception to "virtual clearances" to eco-sensitive projects in the Western Ghats, the National Alliance of People’s Movements (NAPM) in a statement has said urged for a review of the four-lane highway, 400 KV transmission line and double tracking of the railway line through the Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary and Mollem National Park in Goa.

Disturbing signal? Reliance 'shifting focus' away from Indian petrochemical sector

By NS Venkataraman*
Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL), a large Indian company, has expanded and grown in a spectacular manner during the last few decades, like of which no industrial group in India has performed before. RIL is now involved in multi various activities relating to petroleum refineries, petrochemicals, oil and gas exploration, coal bed methane, life sciences, retail business, communication network, (Jio platform) media/entertainment etc.

Letter to friends, mentors: Coming together of class, communal, corona viruses 'scary'

By Prof (Dr) Mansee Bal Bhargava*
COVID greetings from Ahmedabad to dear mentors and friends from around the world…
I hope you are keeping well and taking care of yourself besides caring for the people around you. I’m writing to learn how is the science and the society coping with the prevention and cure of the pandemic. I’m also writing to share the state of the corona virus that is further complicated with the long-standing class and communal viruses.

Case for nationalising India's healthcare system amidst 'strong' private control

Counterview Desk
A draft discussion note, prepared by Dr Maya Valecha, a Gujarat-based gynecologist and activist, sent to the People's Union for Civil Liberties (PUCL) as also a large number of activists, academics and professionals as an email alert, is all set to create a flutter among policy experts for its strong insistence on nationalizing India’s healthcare system.