Skip to main content

RK's Plainspeak. Model Disrobed, CAG Flicks Fig Leaf

By RK Misra*
Time discovers truth. In India, the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) does this job. No wonder the Gujarat model,assiduously used by erstwhile chief minister Narendra Modi to catapult himself to the prime ministerial calling, lies in tatters after the CAG placed it’s report for the period ending March 31, 2014 on the table of the Gujarat Assembly on March 31, 2015.
The report provides a classic example of how marketing savvy politicians-in- power use all the elements of brand building – good advertising, repeat messaging, catchlines and chest thumping-to go places. The CAG has taken the government apart for financial indiscipline and poor spending. ” The fiscal deficit increased from Rs 15,513 crores in 2009-10 to Rs 18,422 crores in 20013-14. It also pointed out the non-submission of utilization certificates of Rs 7420.40 crores bringing out the lack of monitoring by the respective departments. Modi ruled Gujarat from 2001 to mid-2014 before taking over as Prime Minister. One of the governance claims trumpeted from rooftops was the revenue surplus. See how.
The CAG has brought out that the Gujarat government ‘willfully’ showed revenue expenditure of more than Rs 1600 crores as revenue surplus in 2013-14.”The Gujarat government wrongfully budgeted and booked expenditure of Rs 1,462.75 crores on account of grants-in-aid and expenditure of Rs 170.75 crores on account of subsidy under the capital section instead of the revenue section.This resulted in understatement of revenue expenditure and overstatement of revenue surplus to the tune of Rs1,633.50 crores’, the report states pointing out an increase in primary deficit from Rs 4331 crores in 2012-13 to Rs 5,090 crores in 2013-14.
The report also throws light on the performance of the Gujarat state government- run public sector undertakings.Twenty of the total 72 working PSUs have incurred losses to the tune of Rs 1,111.85 crores while remaining have earned profits totaling 3,363.96 crores. ”A review of the latest three CAG audit reports shows that the losses were controllable with better management”. It also points out that the returns on the government investment in the PSUs has been negligible. ”In the period of the last five years,the state government invested Rs 24007 crores.the average return by way of dividend on the investment in government companies and statutory corporations was 0.31 per cent only”, it noted.
The CAG has taken the government to task for serious lapses in land revenue management and for giving away grazing land for industrial purposes ignoring the local requirements.A performance audit on lease of government land showed that in the case of eight districts the data in the software did not match with the data as per records.Even when the area of grazing land was not sufficient with reference to number of cattle of the area,even then grazing land was irregularly granted on lease for industrial purposes, it states.
The CAG report also points out that the state government favoured Adani group owned Mundra Port and Special Economic Zone(SEZ) in land allotment in kutch to the detriment of the environment. Land measuring 1,840 hectares and 168.42 hectares meant for solar salt and salt washery projects respectively had been provisioned for. However the government submitted a fresh proposal seeking approval from the ministry of environment and forests (MOEF) as a diversionary measure.No sooner was the in-principle approval granted that a recovery of Rs 87.97 crore was made from the user by the forest department and the land was gone!
The Modi government of the time in Gujarat has also been singled out for the rough end of the stick for it’s inability to stem the decline in the child sex ratio in the state. In a lucid observation it says ”the state government has failed to investigate where there were 13.29 lakh less deliveries despite 70.95 lakh pregnancies registered between 2009 and 2014.Deliveries registered through e-mamta portal were only 57.66 lakhs.Of the 181 cases registered under the PCPNDT Act (diagnosing the sex of the foetus) only 48 cases were chargesheeted with a mere six convictions.Despite Supreme Court orders that such cases should be finalized within six months,there are cases pending since the last 12 years. According to the 2011 census there has been a decline in sex ratio at birth in 15 of the 26 districts of the state, it observed adding that the state has failed to formulate a child protection policy.
Education comes out as another sad story.The implementation of RTE as well as other educational schemes,particularly in the tribal areas has been rated as poor by the CAG in it’s social sector audit.”The expenditure against available funds was only 12.67 per cent in 2011-12,14.09 per cent in 2012-13 and 22.42 per cent in 2013-14. Cases of diversion of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) funds, a central to state sponsored ashram shaala and eklavya model schools, both state sponsored schemes was also noticed.
Rs 89.55 crores allotted under the Rashtriya madhyamik shiksha abhiyan as advance was wrongly shown as expenditure and incorrect figures reported to the Centre.Against a student-teacher ratio of 40:1 in primary schools there were cases of the ratio being 156:1 and in upper primary schools where the ratio should be 35:1 there were places where it was found to be 363:1. Sixty four schools with a total strength of 5,698 students had no teachers while 874 schools had only one teacher each. And so it goes on…. This is the CAG certified ‘Gujarat Model’ in a nutshell.
---
*Senior journalist. This article also appeared in http://wordsmithsandnewsplumbers.blogspot.in/

Comments

TRENDING

ISKCON UK 'clarifies' after virus infects devotees, 5 die due to big temple meet

By Rajiv Shah
The International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON), United Kingdom (UK), has admitted that at least 21 of its devotees were infected because of the spread of the coronavirus amongst the UK devotee community following the March 12 funeral and March 15 memorial of the Bhaktivedanta Manor temple president, in which about 1,000 people participated. Regretting that five of the devotees have passed away, the top Hindu religious in Britain body does not deny more may have been infected.

Mallika Sarabhai releases speech she was 'not allowed' to give at NID Convocation on Feb 7

Counterview Desk
The National Institute of Design (NID) in Ahmedabad, a Ministry of Commerce and Industry body, landed itself in controversy following its decision to put off its 40th convocation ceremony, where noted danseuse Mallika Sarabhai was invited as chief guest. The ceremony was scheduled to be held on February 7.

As corona virus 'travels' to rural areas, NGO begins training tribals, marginalised women

By Souparno Chatterjee*
The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared corona virus a pandemic. Originating from Wuhan in China, it has traversed the entire globe, almost, and claimed more than 16,000 lives already. That’s largely the urban population. In India, despite all the preparedness and war-like promptness to safeguard against the pandemic, several lives have been lost , and hundreds of individuals have tested positive.

Rani Laxmi Bai, Tatya Tope 'martyred' by East India Company, Scindia's forefathers

By Our Representative
In an email alert to Counterview, well-known political scientist Shamsul Islam has said that was “shameful for any political party in democratic India to keep children of Sindhias in their flock” given their role during the First War of Indian Independence (1857). In a direct commentary on Madhya Pradesh Congress leader Jyotiraditya Scindia moving over to BJP, Prof Islam has quote from a British gazetteer to prove his point.

Modi, Shah 'forget': Gandhi’s first Satyagraha was against citizenship law of South Africa

By Nachiketa Desai*
Hindu fanatic Nathuram Godse assassinated Mahatma Gandhi once on January 30, 1948 but his followers raising the war cry of ‘Jai Sriram’ are killing the Mahatma every day. In his home state of Gujarat, Gandhiji was killed a thousand times in 2002 when over 2,000 Muslims were butchered, their women raped, homes and shops plundered and set on fire and even unborn babies ripped out of the wombs of their mothers.

COVID-19: Dalit rights bodies regret, no relief plan yet for SCs, STs, marginalized

By Our Representative
In a letter to Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the National Dalit Watch-National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights, endorsed* by several other Dalit rights organizations, have insisted, the Government of India should particular care of the scheduled castes and tribes, trans folks, persons with disabilities and the women and children from these communities, while fighting against COVID-19 pandemic.

Coronavirus scare ‘pushing’ people from Northeast India into more hardship

By Rishiraj Sinha, Biswanath Sinha*
“No one is born hating another person because of the colour of his skin, or his background or his religion. People learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite.” – Nelson Mandela
***

Gujarat govt plan to 'banish' Gandhian activist anti-democratic, unconstitutional

By Rohit Prajapati*
The current Central and Gujarat governments, and their bureaucracy, have been and are still unable to answer and address the concerns raised, with facts, figures, and constitutional provisions, regarding the terror of tourism in the name of the Statue of Unity and tourism projects surrounding it.

Gujarat construction workers walk home as Rs 2,900 crore welfare fund lies unused

By Our Representative
Situated behind the Gujarat University, some of the families of the migrant construction workers from Dahod and Panchmahals districts of Gujarat, and a few from Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh, who had stayed put in make-shift shanties in Ahmedabad’s sprawling GMDC Ground, have begun a long journey, by foot, back to their home villages in the eastern tribal belt of Gujarat.