Skip to main content

Condition of slums deteriorate in Gujarat, Ahmedabad; become more vulnerable

By Rajiv Shah
In a major admission, a recent report submitted to the Government of India has admitted the Gujarat's slums have become heavily "vulnerable" in 2011 than what they were a decade ago, in 2001, when Narendra Modi took over reins of power as state chief minister.
Titled "Report of the Committee on Slum Index", the report has found that Gujarat slums were one of the least vulnerable in 2001, with just one state's slums (Kerala) being more vulnerable, in 2011 slums as many as 11 major states out of a total 19 were more vulnerable than those of Gujarat.
The report, a copy of which with Counterview, works out slum vulnerability on the basis of its analysis of percent slum households against total urban households; percent non-notified slums against total slums; percent of utcha, semi-pucca, or dilapidated houses; percent married couples without exclusive dwelling room; average number of persons living in a room in slums; percent of households not having television, bicycle, scooter or motorbike, mobile, other assets; percent illiterates, particularly female illiterates; and lack of banking services.
The states which ranked better than Gujarat in terms of vulnerability in 2011 were Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Punjab, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Westn Bengal, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, in that order. Carried out by a dozen-odd experts led by top academic Prof Amitabh Kundu, the vulnerability index is based on the data made available from two separate sources -- Census of India and National Sample Survey figures.
Worse, the data suggest that Gujarat has fared worse than all other states except for Assam and Kerala in becoming more vulnerable. The states which not just became less vulnerable but in fact improved their conditions were Uttarkhand, Rajasthan, Jammu & Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, and Madhya Pradesh. The data analysed include magnitude of slum population, access to basic civic amenities, housing sonditions, and access to assets.
The report finds a similar trend with major Indian cities. It says, "The analysis shows that the cities of Indore, Jaipur and Agra and Greater Mumbai have the highest slum vulnerability in 2001 while the cities of Ahmedabad, Patna and Hyderabad exhibit the least vulnerability."
However, the report says, things worsened for Ahmedabad in 2011 so much so that, the report says, the slum improvement composite index (Change over 2001 to 2011) suggests that Jaipur shows the highest improvement with an improvement, while Ahmedabad, following Patna, exhibits a negative improvement.
The committee, which prepared the report, was constituted by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation for preparation of a Slum Index in January 2014. It took nearly one-and-a-half years to come up with its final report. The committee was mandated to "undertake a background study of slum index formulated by UN HABITAT and its variations across the globe and arrives at an appropriate definition of Slum Index for India."
It was also required to articulate "the slum status index and the slum upgradation index that inter alia can be used to monitor the outcomes of various slum development and improvement programmes, undertaken by the Central and state governments", the report said.

Comments

TRENDING

#MeToo moment in Hyderabad Urdu varsity? Two girl students seek action against authorities

Counterview Desk
Has the #MeToo movement reached Maulana Azad National Urdu University (MAANU)? It would seem so if a recent letter by newly-appointed chancellor Firoz Bakht Ahmed to MAANU vice-chancellor Dr Aslam Parvaiz is any indication. Seeking reinstatement of two girl victims of “sexual harassment and humiliation”, the letter specifically names head of the department of the Media Centre for Journalism, suspecting, the problem could be much deeper.
Text of the letter: It is a matter of utmost perturbation for me to receive the two representations from the girls studying in the MCJ (Media Center for Journalism) regarding their sexual and subsequently, mental and social harassment at the hands of Prof Ehtesham Ahmad Khan, the HOD, MCJ.
We do not know, how many girls have been exploited by him and preferred to be silent for saving their family’s honour; however, there are two brave girls who stood to the depraved advances and misuse by Prof Ehtesham and came up with written complai…

"Ineligible" funding of Sardar Statue in Gujarat: CAG tells Central PSUs, it's not a heritage CSR activity

By Our Representative
The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India, in its recent report on Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSE), has qualified public sector undertakings’ (PSUs') funding the 182-metre world’s highest Sardar Statue, currently being constructed in the Narmada river downstream of the Sardar Sarovar dam as an “ineligible” corporate social responsibility (CSR) activity.

Gujarat BJP MLAs, youth leader "incited" attack on North Indians: Cong releases video

Counterview Desk
Senior Gujarat Congress leader Shaktisinh Gohil, currently in charge of Bihar and national spokesperson, All-India Congress Committee, has sent a legal notice to chief minister Vijay Rupani threatening criminal case and civil defamation suit for accusing him with "baseless statement" that he was responsible for attacks on north Indians in Gujarat.

29th "NRC-related" suicide in Assam, as Nirod Baran Das takes his life by hanging on a fan

By Our Representative
Reporting 29th case of National Register of Citizens (NRC)-driven suicide in Assam, one of India’s human rights campaign sites has said that, on October 20, tragedy struck Kharupetia town in Darrang district of Assam, when a retired school teacher and advocate Nirod Baran Das “took his life by hanging himself to a fan in his home.” The report adds, “The NRC process has so far claimed over two dozen such lives in the past four months alone.”

"Highly irregular" for PSUs to fund Sardar Statue under Corporate Social Responsibility

Counterview Desk
In a letter to I Srinivas, secretary, Ministry of Corporate Affairs, Government of India, former secretary (economic affairs), Ministry of Finance, EAS Sarma, has raised questions on the funding of the Sardar Patel statue in South Gujarat by Central Public Sector Undertaking (CPSUs) relying on the Comptroller and Auditor General report (No 18/2018).

Murder of Tamil Nadu teenage Dalit girl: "Stoic silence" despite #MeToo movement

Counterview Desk
Brinelle D'souza, who is with the Centre for Health and Mental Health, School of Social Work, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, has prepared a strong statement to protest the brutal murder of 13-year-old Rajalakshmi. "Other than a few media reports, this gruesome killing has not caught national attention despite a very vibrant #MeToo campaign currently underway", regrets D'souza.

Post-MJ Akbar resignation: #MeToo movement and fears of backlash

By Sheshu Babu*
For the last few days, #MeToo movement has picked up momentum and many women are coming out with horrific tales of severe harassment in their past lives. They are not afraid anymore to expose famous persons including those at ministerial levels. As a senior journalist Neeraja Chowdhury opined (“An exit, a beginning”, October 18, 2018, indianexpress.com), "The #MeToo revelations are like the eruption of a volcano which was imminent, given the journey working women have covered. It was not easy to make public what they had gone through,and take on powerful men.”

Bank account frozen, raid on Amnesty office: Govt of India "treating" human rights NGOs like criminal enterprises

By Abhirr VP*
Amnesty India’s bank accounts have been frozen by the Enforcement Directorate, effectively stopping its work. Amnesty India is thus the latest target of the government’s assault on civil society in the country. The accounts of Greenpeace India were frozen earlier this month.

J&K Governor's rule: BJP's "failure" to go ahead with 44-plus strategy

By Syed Mujtaba Hussian*
Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) continues to witness cataclysm of events ever since the killing of editor-in-chief of “Rising Kashmir”, Shujaat Bukhari, followed by the BJP’s deliberated parting of ways with its coalition partner, People’s Democratic Party (PDP) and imposition of Governor rule.

60 ex-civil servants seek release of CAG reports on Rafale, demonetisation before 2019 polls

Counterview Desk
As many as 60 retired civil servants have asked President Ram Nath Kovind to expedite the release of Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) reports on demonetisation and the Rafale deal. The letter, signed mainly by former Indian Administrative Service, Indian Foreign Service and Indian Police Service officers, regrets that the status of the audit is "unclear”. According to them, “An impression is gaining ground that CAG is deliberately delaying its audit reports on demonetisation and Rafale deal till after the May 2019 elections so as not to embarrass the present government”.