Skip to main content

Smart city Ahmedabad worst in "educating" migrants' children: None attends pre-school, 37% attend high school

Counterview Desk
A new study involving in six Indian cities – Delhi, Mumbai, Pune, Ahmedabad, Bangalore and Kochi – has revealed that “smart city” Ahmedabad is perhaps the worst when it comes to providing education – whether pre-school, school or college – to the children of poor migrant construction workers.
The coverage of Government of India’s flagship programme, Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) scheme, which was extended to migrant workers’ children in the age group 0-6 in 2011, was found to be a poor 0.9% of households in Ahmedabad, which is equal to zero, as against Kochi, Delhi and Mumbai with around 37%, 30% and 29.1% respectively.
ICDS is the largest outreach programme for children in the age group of 0-6 years, pregnant women and lactating mothers. Operational through Anganwadi Centres, ICDS serves as the first outpost for health, nutrition and early learning services. The centres are manned by an anganwadi workers and an anganwadi helper.
“Households in Kochi, Delhi and Mumbai fared better with around 37%, 30% and 29.1% respectively, covered by ICDS scheme”, the report, prepared by researchers Ajoy Fernandes, Dakshayani Madangopal, Dr Susan Mathew, Hemalatha and Anil Kumar.
Coming to the age group 5 to 9, the study finds that in Ahmedabad, one-fourth of children “were not enrolled in school due to constant migration and need for sibling care”, as against Kochi, which had “the highest enrolment rate for this age group (87.95%). On an average, only three-fifths of the children in this age group attended schools regularly.
Reason attributed for low school enrollment included constant migration of families or lack of company in Ahmedabad, lack of interest in Mumbai, and poor amenities, washrooms and transportation to schools in Delhi
The reason attributed for low school enrollment included “constant migration of families or lack of company” in Ahmedabad, the study says, quoting migrant workers, adding, it was “lack of interest” in Mumbai, and “poor amenities, washrooms and transportation to schools” in Delhi.
As for the age group 10-17, only 37% in of children were found to be enrolled in Ahmedabad, the lowest of all other cities, as against 68% in Delhi and 62% in Bangalore, 110% in Kochi, 82.6% in Pune and 81.4% in Mumbai.
Titled “children of Migrant Construction Workers”, and carried out by the Don Bosco Research Centre, Mumbai, the research involved 1,246 households – 1,116 households with children in the age-group 0-9, and the rest, 225 households with children aged 11-17.
Published in “2017 Sustainable Development Goal: Agenda 2030”, a collection of articles and papers on how India is faring in different SDGs, released by a network of civil rights organisations, Wada Na Todo Abhiyan (WNTA), the study notes that “96.5% of migrant construction workers’ households had no access to government health schemes or health coverage.”
Pointing out that “only about 14% of the 1,246 households reported having first aid facilities on site, while about 30% reported having a doctor on call”, the study regrets, “In view of the occupational hazards involved in construction, this hardly seems adequate.” 
36% of children of migrant construction workers were born at home, underscoring the lack of access to institutional delivery. Only in Kochi the incidence of home deliveries was low
The study further says that “about 36% of the children of migrant construction workers were born at home, underscoring the lack of access to institutional delivery”, though adding, “Only in Kochi, the incidence of home deliveries was low, which could be attributed to higher literacy rates among parents and effective delivery of healthcare services.”
The study further finds that “almost 10% of the children did not receive any vaccines”, adding, “Immunization coverage for children below 5 years was seen to be highest in Mumbai at 85% for BCG, DPT and polio vaccines, while in Delhi, it was close to 75%,, which coincided with the high number of reported institutional deliveries among migrant construction workers in this city.”
“The immunisation with regard to hepatitis, which is on the rise in the country, was only about 20% among children of construction workers and could be attributed to the lack of awareness among mothers about the age specific vaccines to be given to children”, the study says.

Comments

TRENDING

Communal rhetoric? Hindutva preached by RSS-BJP is 'monolithic', not Hinduism

By Prem Verma*  I am a devout Hindu but not a believer of RSS Hindutva form of Hinduism which brings about hatred of other religions. My Hindu religion has not taught me to look down on other religions and neither has it instilled in me to go about converting others to my religion because my religion is superior.

India sees 62 journo deaths, 4th highest, amidst pandemic: Swiss media rights body

By Our Representative The Switzerland-based media rights body Press Emblem Campaign (PEC) has noted that India is the fourth most affected country as far as mediapersons’ death on account of Covid-19 is concerned. According to Blaise Lempen, secretary-general of PEC, the global tally of casualties among media persons in the Covid-19 pandemic has reached 1,036 journalists in 73 countries till date.

Gross 'injustice' to children: Rs 5000 cr cut in education budget; 15 lakh schools shut down

Counterview Desk  More than 100 dignitaries, including educationists, academia, social activists, teachers’ union, civil society organisations (CSOs), various networks and people working on child rights, in a letter to Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman have sought reversal of reduction in allocation for education in the Union Budget 2021-22, even as demanding substantial increase in it.

Buddhist shrines massively destroyed by Brahmanical rulers in "pre-Islamic" era: Historian DN Jha's survey

Nalanda mahavihara By Our Representative Prominent historian DN Jha, an expert in India's ancient and medieval past, in his new book , "Against the Grain: Notes on Identity, Intolerance and History", in a sharp critique of "Hindutva ideologues", who look at the ancient period of Indian history as "a golden age marked by social harmony, devoid of any religious violence", has said, "Demolition and desecration of rival religious establishments, and the appropriation of their idols, was not uncommon in India before the advent of Islam".

Swami Vivekananda's views on caste and sexuality were 'painfully' regressive

By Bhaskar Sur* Swami Vivekananda now belongs more to the modern Hindu mythology than reality. It makes a daunting job to discover the real human being who knew unemployment, humiliation of losing a teaching job for 'incompetence', longed in vain for the bliss of a happy conjugal life only to suffer the consequent frustration.

RSS love for 'killer' Myanmar junta behind Indian military presence at Tatmadaw Day?

By Shamsul Islam*  If a shameful act means an action which is criminal and nauseating, it would be an understatement to describe the attitude of the present RSS-BJP rulers of India towards the demolition of democracy and large-scale killing of the people of Myanmar by the military ( tatmadaw ) junta which took power through a coup on February 1, 2021 after renegading the election results in which the party of Aung San Suu Kyi, National League for Democracy, was a clear winner.

Chhattisgarh’s Apra riverfront imitates Sabarmati: 'Devaluing' water, environment

Sabarmati riverfront By Mansee Bal Bhargava*  This year’s #WorldWaterDay (March 22) focus was on ‘Valuing Water’. My school friend, Pragati Tiwari from Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, called that day knowing my interest in water matters. We were remembering our childhood days as how we used to play on the banks and the bed of the Arpa Nadi (River) during the summer holidays and as how the river would swell like Anaconda to flow happily during the monsoon.

Bihar massacre on Holi day: Brahminical, casteist mindset behind 'uneasy' silence

Bihar chief minister Nitish Kumar By Vidya Bhushan Rawat*  Several people were killed in Bihar amidst Holi festivities, but not much response has come in from the media. The silence of the government and the society as a whole is also appalling. We seek to romanticise these festivals, yet we forget that every year they take so many lives. This despite the fact that Holi appears to be the best time for 'avenging things'.

India's draft migrants policy: Whither concern on job restrictions imposed by states?

By Anil Kumar*  India’s Niti Aayog has prepared a Draft Migration Policy. The draft policy acknowledges migration as an integral part of development, and it calls for positive government interventions that facilitate internal migration. With a rights-based solution to migration, the draft states that the policy should “enhance the agency and capability of the community and thereby remove aspects that come in the way of an individual’s own natural ability to thrive”.

Recalling Jallianwala martyrs' communal amity as BJP 'warns' of Sitalkuchi everywhere

By Shamsul Islam*  The RSS-BJP rulers declare India to be a battle-ground between Hinduism and Islam. Muslims have been declared as ‘internal threat’ by RSS ideologue MS Golwalkar (“Bunch of Thought”, Chapter xvi). Behaviour of many of their leading cadres, including those who hold high constitutional posts, is such that they seem to be conspiring over-time to ignite a civil war between the two communities. They are under the impression that this would help divert attention from failures of the Hindutva rulers on developmental front.