Skip to main content

India ranks poorly in disaster preparedness, hence is more vulnerable to natural calamities than BRICS nations

By Our Representative
Bonn-based prestigious United National (UN) University’s new “World Risk Report 2016” United Nations University has suggested that while India may not be as exposed to natural disasters compared to most of the 171 countries it has analyzed, it ranks poorly in preparedness of societies cope with acute disasters and in taking preventive measures to face natural hazards.
Thus, while its exposure to natural disasters is found to be pretty low, 11.94%, as against developed countries such as the US and Australia, whose exposure index if respectively 12.25% and 15.05%, in sharp contrast, India’s lack of the ability to cope with disasters is quite high, 80.22%, as against US’ 48.24% and 42.53%.
In fact, the report gives the example of Australia the country, despite its high exposure to natural disasters, is able to mitigate its vulnerability to drought, earthquakes and sea level rise, and thus attaining one of the best rankings in its ability to fight disasters.
In fact, even among the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) countries, with whom India is internationally sought to be compared, India ranks poorly in two of the most important of the four key questions sought to be answered I the report: To what extent can societies cope with acute disasters, and is a society taking preventive measures to face natural hazards to be reckoned with in the future?
As against India’s lack of copies capacities to the tune of 80.22%, Brazil’s is 67.60%, Russia’s is 59.12%, China’s 69.86% and South Africa’s 69.02%. Similarly, in lack of adaptive capacities (preparedness), as against India’s 50.78%, Brazil’s is 37.50%, Russia’s 33.81%, China’s 40.18% and South Africa’s 38.76%. This makes India more vulnerable to natural disasters.
The report gives the example of Australia the country, despite its high exposure to natural disasters, is able to mitigate its vulnerability to drought, earthquakes and sea level rise, and thus attaining one of the best rankings in its ability to fight disasters.
The report says that “fragile infrastructure” such as “dilapidated transport routes, unsafe power grids, buildings in a state of disrepair” during extreme natural events can pose a “grave consequences for the local population, for whom it represents a direct threat.”
It adds, “In addition, it delays the effective potential for those affected to help themselves and impedes humanitarian relief provided by the local authorities or from abroad.”
The report further says, “Usually, the challenges that relief agencies face are on the ‘last mile’ of the logistics chain: Organizing transportation despite ruined roads or bridges, and ensuring fair distribution when, for example, there is a scarcity of water, food and shelter.”
The concept of the World Risk Report 2016 is whether it be an earthquake or a tsunami, a cyclone or floods, the risk of a natural event turning into a disaster “always depends only partly on the force of the natural event itself.”
It underlines, “The living conditions of the people in the regions affected and the options available to respond quickly and to provide assistance are just as significant. Those who are prepared, who know what to do in the event of an extreme natural event, have a greater chance of survival.”
“Countries that see natural hazards coming, that are preparing for the consequences of climate change and are providing the financial means required will be better prepared for the future”, the report points out.

Comments

TRENDING

'Enough evidence': Covid vaccines impacted women's reproductive health

By Deepika*  In 2024, the news outlets have suddenly started reporting about covid vaccine side effects in a very extensive manner. Sadly, the damage is already done.

A Hindu alternative to Valentine's Day? 'Shiv-Parvati was first love marriage in Universe'

By Rajiv Shah*   The other day, I was searching on Google a quote on Maha Shivratri which I wanted to send to someone, a confirmed Shiv Bhakt, quite close to me -- with an underlying message to act positively instead of being negative. On top of the search, I chanced upon an article in, imagine!, a Nashik Corporation site which offered me something very unusual. 

Dadi, poti discuss 'injustice' under 10 yr Modi rule: Video campaign goes viral

By Our Representative  Watan Ki Raah Mein, a civil society campaign of the Samvidhan Bachao Nagrik Abhiyan, has released a short video conversation on social media of an exchange of letters between a dadi and her poti discussing poverty, unemployment, corruption and women’s safety. The letters also raise the question of  suppression of our fundamental rights of speech, expression and justice. 

US 'frustrated' with India’s discomfort: Maritime exercise in South China Sea

By Vijay Prashad*  In early April 2024, the navies of four countries -- Australia, Japan, the Philippines, and the United States -- held a maritime exercise in the South China Sea. Australia’s Warramunga, Japan’s Akebono, the Philippines’ Antonio Luna, and the United States’ Mobile worked together in these waters to strengthen their joint abilities and -- as they said in a joint statement  -- to “uphold the right to freedom of navigation and overflight and respect for maritime rights under international law.” 

WHO move can 'enable' India to detain citizens, restrict freedom, control media

Counterview Desk  In an an open letter to Prime Minister Narendra Modi, with copies to concerned Cabinet ministers, bureaucrats and MPs,  health rights network  People’s Alliance for Public Health (PAPH alias JanSwasthya Morcha), has urged that India should not be a signatory to the World Health Organization ( WHO) Pandemic Agreement and Amendments to the  International Health Regulations (IHR) 2005  to be adopted at the 77th World Health Assembly in Geneva from 27th May to 1st June, 2024.

'Uncertainty in Iran': Raisi brokered crucial Chabahar Port deal with India

By Pranjal Pandey*  Ebrahim Raisi, the Iranian President, and the country’s foreign minister were tragically found deceased on May 20, 2024, shortly after their helicopter crashed in foggy conditions. In response, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei swiftly appointed a relatively unknown vice president as the interim leader.

Informal, outdoor workers 'excluded': Govt of India's excessive heat policies

Counterview Desk  Top civil rights network, National Alliance of People's Movements (NAPM), has demanded urgent government action to protect millions of outdoor workers from extreme heat and heatwaves, insisting declaration of heatwaves as climatic disaster.