Skip to main content

Rural Gujarat has one of the lowest proportion of pucca houses, majority "live" in one or two room dwellings

By Our Representative
The latest Sample Registration System (SRS) data, released by the Census of India, have gone a long way to suggest that housing, especially for the poor, remains one of the most neglected sectors in “vibrant” Gujarat. With just about 48.1 per cent pucca houses in Gujarat, the data reveal that this is well below the national average of 52.2 per cent.
While as many as 13 out of 21 major states having a higher proportion of pucca houses in rural areas, the data show that Punjab and Haryana top the list with 92.8 per cent and 91.8 per cent respectively.
Only so-called Bimaru states – Bihar (31.9 per cent), Chhattisgarh (18.9 per cent), Jharkhand (23.2 per cent), Madhya Pradesh (26.1 per cent), Odisha (30.2 per cent) and West Bengal (28.5 per cent) – have lower proportion of pucca houses in rural areas than in Gujarat.
About 29.8 per cent of the houses in the rural areas of Gujarat are semi-pucca, and another 22.4 per cent are kutcha, the SRS report says. This is against the all-India average of 19.8 per cent and 28 per cent, respectively.
What should be equally worrisome to Gujarat’s policy makers is, a whopping 39.9 per cent of Gujarat’s houses are one room, which is against the national average of 33.1 per cent. Only four states have a higher proportion of one room houses – Bihar 44.3 per cent, 41.9 per cent, Tamil Nadu 47 per cent, and West Bengal 42.7 per cent.
Kerala has just 3.5 per cent of one room rural houses, but it has the largest proportion of big houses in India. As against Gujarat’s just 1.2 per cent of houses having five plus rooms, Kerala has some 12.6 per cent such houses. The all-India average on this score is 3.4 per cent.
Further, Kerala’s 27.8 per cent of rural dwelling units have four rooms, as against Gujarat’s just about 3.1 per cent. The all-India average on this score is 6.1 per cent. And, Kerala’s 38.1 per cent rural houses have three rooms, as against just 9.9 per cent in Gujarat; the all-India average being 13.3 per cent
Majority of Gujarat’s rural population appears to be living in two room dwellings – they form 45.1 per cent of the total dwelling units in the rural areas, as against the national average of 43.8 per cent.

Urban housing

The SRS data, however, suggest that, in housing conditions, urban areas are somewhat better than the national average. Thus, 89.9 per cent of houses in urban areas are pucca, as against the national average of 82.2 per cent. Here, too, the best performing states are Punjab and Haryana with 95.2 and 93.2 per cent of pucca dwellings.
However, majority of Gujarat’s urban population lives either in one room or two room houses – 34.6 and 50.1 per cent respectively. This is against the national average of 31.3 and 40 per cent respectively.
There are just two states, both of them more urban that Gujarat – Maharashtra (49.6 per cent) and Tamil Nadu (41.9 per cent) –that have a higher proportion of one-room dwellings.
Gujarat’s just 11.2 per cent of dwellings have three rooms, 3.1 per cent four rooms, and just 1 per cent more than five rooms – as against the national average of 16, 17.4 and 5.1 per cent respectively.

Comments

ALSO READ

India failing to dictate diplomatic preferences of Nepal, Bhutan, is unfairly blaming Beijing: Chinese daily

By Our Representative
In a sharply-worded editorial, a top Chinese media outfit, described by BBC as state-run, has said, commenting on India's foreign relations with its neighbours, that "speculation and suspicion" is "certainly not diplomacy". Published in "China Daily", the largest circulating English Monday-to-Saturday newspaper with branches across the world, the editorial notes (September 20) that "several recent events" in Nepal and Bhutan, are "gnawing worrywarts in New Delhi".
The editorial -- which comes close on the heels of a sharp critique of India's foreign policy in a state-supported Russian media outfit, Sputnik International, calling India's anti-Pak diplomacy as having "gone awry" following Prime Minister Narendra Modi's "half-baked" push for anti-terror drill down "others' throat" -- says, the " worrywarts" include "Nepalese troops taking part in a joint…

Ahmedabad, GIFT, Adani city get 1.68 lakh acre ft Narmada water; Gujarat's rural areas just 4.27 AF: Letter to CM

Counterview Desk
Well-known farmer rights leader Sagar Rabari, in an open letter to Gujarat chief minister Vijay Rupani, has demanded a transparent account of Narmada water, saying, while he has received a "routine reply" from him to his earlier, the data emerging from his RTI application show huge quantity of water being directed to Ahmedabad, the 10 km stretch of Sabarmati for the Ahmedabad riverfront, and nearby elite urban areas, including the Adanis' Shantigram township and GIFT City.

Accused of being RSS plant, Modi man, Hyderabad Urdu varsity chancellor asks President to probe "irregularities"

Counterview Desk
Refused entry in the Maulana Azad National Urdu University (MANUU), the central university's newly appointed chancellor Firoz Bakht Ahmed, who claims to be grand nephew of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, has, in a letter to the President of India, said that MANUU vice-chancellor (V-C) Dr Aslam Parvaiz has accused him of being an RSS plant and a Modi man, whose sole aim is to "interfere in the working of the university".

17 lakh Jharkhand elderly, widows, differently abled do not receive pension: Public hearing told, aadhaar is a hurdle

By Our Representative
Hundreds of elderly, widows, single women and differently-abled persons from different districts of Jharkhand gathered near the Raj Bhavan in Ranchi for a public hearing organized by the Jharkhand Right to Food Campaign and Pension Parishad demanding the right to universal social security pensions ahead of World Elderly Day on October 1.

Ethnocide in Caribbean island filmed following award winning docufilm on Jamaica's anti-colonial Indian roots

International awards winner for Best Feature Documentary Linda Aïnouche for “Dreadlocks Story” (2014), which shows how Indians are entangled in the Jamaican society, and how Hinduism was a source of inspiration for the Rastafari movement, is all set to release her new documentary, “Marooned in the Caribbean”, which aims at documenting the awful desolating living conditions that Raizal people, the native inhabitants of San Andres Archipelago, endure.
Sons of slaves, these islanders have fallen prey to what the Colombian government calls Colombianization. “It’s a process”, according to her, “which kills the Raizal culture; it’s the killing of the Raizal soul. Colombianization subjugates Afro-descendants of San Andres to an ethnocide.”

Explorer, director and producer, Linda Aïnouche writes exclusively for Counterview: ***
Nobody escapes from blood and thunder in Colombia, and definitely not in the archipelago of San Andres, situated closer to Managua and Kingston than Bogota. The Raizal p…

India to deport Rohingya refugees, as the world moves towards prosecuting Myanmar for genocide

By Tapan Bose*
Seven Rohingya Muslims refugees who were held at a detention centre in Assam since 2012 will be handed over to Myanmar. The Supreme Court of India has refused to stop their deportation. The new Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gagoi said, "We are not inclined to interfere on the decision taken".

An elite Kutir set up by Modi far from the "madding" crowd: This Gandhi museum is formal, unapproachable

By Rajiv Shah
Have you ever heard of a Gandhi museum, sough to be projected as the “largest” on the Mahatma, yet totally inaccessible, in sharp contrast to Ahmedabad’s humble, approachable and unassuming Gandhi Ashram on the banks of Sabarmati, set up by the Mahatma during the heydays of the freedom movement? It exists about 30 kilometres away, its idea was conceived by none other than a person who has today become even more inaccessible than he ever was: Narendra Modi, India's Prime Minister.

History less known: Kasturba's role as an independent woman and a freedom fighter in her own right

By Nandini Oza*
Even the most deserving of women do not find a place that equals their worth in history. Kasturba is one such woman whose contribution to India’s struggle for freedom has been exemplary, and yet, it has not received the recognition it deserves. Kastur Makhanji Kapadia was born in the year 1869, the same year and in the same town of Porbandar in Gujarat as Gandhiji. In fact she was older than Gandhiji by a few months.

Gujarat BJP MLAs, youth leader "incited" attack on North Indians: Cong releases video

Counterview Desk
Senior Gujarat Congress leader Shaktisinh Gohil, currently in charge of Bihar and national spokesperson, All-India Congress Committee, has sent a legal notice to chief minister Vijay Rupani threatening criminal case and civil defamation suit for accusing him with "baseless statement" that he was responsible for attacks on north Indians in Gujarat.

Poor response to tenders for Gujarat's bid for the world's tallest statue, no international firm shows interest

By Our Representative
The Gujarat government’s claim that its decision to build the world’s highest statue in the world, in the memory of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, would attract “tremendous” response top international construction companies, has gone phut. The state government floated international tenders in August to build the statue, which is slated to be 182-metres high. Despite the “international” character of the tenders and big claims, well-informed Sachivalaya sources close to Gujarat chief minister Narendra Modi say, “not one international firm has come up to offer to carry out the construction activity.”