Skip to main content

Muggu designs: Andhra women's unique way of invoking goddess of wealth, Lakshmi

By Deepanwita Gita Niyogi* 

In the villages of Andhra Pradesh, attractive designs are made on the floor and around traditional stoves (chulhas) made of mud. This is done to invite the Goddess Lakshmi for showering prosperity on households.
In Kosta village of Srikakulam district, woman labourer Ramanama Pisini makes muggu every day after finishing cooking in the morning and cleaning her chulha. She does this by sprinkling rice powder to create the designs on and around her stove. Sometimes, muggu is created in front of the entrance of houses. In some places, white chalk is used to draw the designs on the floor instead of rice powder.
Lakshmi Narasimha Murthy, who visits many interior villages for his work for Dr Reddy’s Foundation, a non-profit which works on regenerative agriculture, said the area and the walls around the chulha are first cleaned with a layer of cow dung and then muggu is made with rice powder. “As modern gas stoves have invaded many houses, sometimes designs are made with chalk wherever these are kept inside the kitchen. Many women have learnt it from their mothers and grandmothers,” Murthy added.
Muggu 1: Ramanama Pisini of Kosta village in Srikakulam district draws a muggu in the afternoon.
Muggu 2: Intricate floor designs are commonly found in many houses in rural Andhra Pradesh.
Muggu 3: Two women take rest in front of a muggu.
Muggu 4: Women tend to fresh tomatoes inside a room full of beautiful muggu patterns.
Muggu 5: Muggu design created on a traditional chulha made of mud.
Muggu 6: A woman makes muggu with rice powder on her chulha and the wall in front of it. The area is first smoothed with cow dung for beautiful effect.
Muggu 7: Muggu being created at a house in Neliwada village of Srikakulam.
Muggu 8: A beautiful lotus created on the floor.

Muggu 9: The reporter tried her hand at muggu. The pattern has both chalk and rice powder usage.
Muggu 10 and 11: Muggu designs made with chalk at the door step.

Comments

TRENDING

Lip-service on World Environment Day vs 'watered-down' eco-safeguards

By Shankar Sharma*  Just a few days ago, the world remembered the routinely forgotten global environment on the occasion of World Environment Day, briefly though, maybe just for the day. There were reports of a few high profile ceremonies in different parts of the country, including a few in New Delhi. Prime Minister Narendra Modi reportedly asked the people of our country to plant one tree per each person as a mark of respect/ gratitude for our mothers.

New Odia CM's tribal heritage 'sets him apart' from Hindutva Brahminical norms

By Bhabani Shankar Nayak*  Mohan Charan Majhi took the oath as the new Chief Minister of Odisha following the electoral defeat of the BJD led by Naveen Patnaik, who served as Chief Minister for twenty-four years. The new Chief Minister is the son of a security guard and a four-time MLA who hails from the remote village of Raikala in the Keonjhar district. He belongs to the Santali tribe and comes from a working-class family. Such achievements and political mobilities are possible only in a democratic society. Majhi’s leadership even in the form of symbolic representation in a democracy deserves celebration.

Pellet gun fire severely injures Dalit worker off Bangladesh border

By Kirity Roy*  This is regarding an incident of firing pellets by the Border Security Force (BSF) personnel attached with Panchadoji Border Outpost of ‘E’ Company of 90 BSF Battalion on a Schedule Caste youth of village Parmananda under Dinhata Police Station of Cooch Behar district of West Bengal. The victim was severely injured and one portion of his face became disfigured due to pellet firing by the BSF.

Moving towards sustainable development? Social, environmental implications of HCES data

By Dr Vandana Sehgal, Dr Amandeep Kaur*  Sustainable development, the high time agenda, encompasses economic, social, and environmental dimensions, aiming for a balance between all these aspects to ensure long-term well-being and prosperity for all. One of the crucial aspects of sustainable development is consumption patterns. Consumption patterns refer to the way individuals, households, and societies use resources and goods. Sustainable consumption patterns entail using resources efficiently, minimizing waste, and considering the environmental and social impacts of consumption choices.

Sanction to persecute Arundhati Roy under UAPA politically motivated: PUCL

Counterview Network  Top human rights group, People’s Union for Civil Liberties, has demanded that the authorities should immediately withdraw the prosecution against top author Arundhati Roy and Dr Sheikh Showkat Hussain, a Kashmir academic, under the " unconstitutional"  Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act  (UAPA), calling the Delhi  Lieutenant-Governor nod for the Delhi police move "politically motivated".

A Hindu alternative to Valentine's Day? 'Shiv-Parvati was first love marriage in Universe'

By Rajiv Shah*   The other day, I was searching on Google a quote on Maha Shivratri which I wanted to send to someone, a confirmed Shiv Bhakt, quite close to me -- with an underlying message to act positively instead of being negative. On top of the search, I chanced upon an article in, imagine!, a Nashik Corporation site which offered me something very unusual. 

Swami Vivekananda's views on caste and sexuality were 'painfully' regressive

By Bhaskar Sur* Swami Vivekananda now belongs more to the modern Hindu mythology than reality. It makes a daunting job to discover the real human being who knew unemployment, humiliation of losing a teaching job for 'incompetence', longed in vain for the bliss of a happy conjugal life only to suffer the consequent frustration.