Skip to main content

In PM's home district Mehsana, 20% teens, age 14-18, "not enrolled", one of the highest in India; 55% are wage earners

 Percent working children, age 14-18, India average
By Rajiv Shah
The new Annual Status of Education Report (ASER 2017: Beyond Basics), an annual survey carried by the high profile NGO Pratham, has found that Prime Minister Narendra Modi's home district Mehsana has a whopping 20.3% children in the age group 14-18, who are not enrolled in either school or college.
While this is against the average of 14.4% children in this age group who have not been enrolled in a survey carried out in 28 Indian districts, as many as 21 of these districts were found to have a lower percentage of children in the "not enrolled" category.
Significantly, the survey also shows that a major consequence of not getting into formal education is prevalence of child labour in this age group. In Mehsana, as many as 54.5% of children in this age group were found to have "worked for 15 or more days in the last month" of the survey. This is against the all-India figure of 41.6%.
Only two districts out of 28 were found to have a higher percentage of those going to work -- Rajasthan's Udaipur (64.3%) and Maharashtra' Ahmednagar (55.2%).
The report says, across India, "a substantial proportion of youth in the 14-18 age group are working (42%), regardless of whether they are enrolled in formal education or not. Of those who work, 79% work in agriculture – almost all on their own family’s farm. Also, more than three quarters of all youth do household chores daily – 77 % of males and 89% of females."
While till now all ASER surveys, carried out every year since 2005, confined their analysis to age group 6 to 16, in 2017, for the first time, it focused on an older age group, those who have moved beyond the elementary school age.
Status of education: Mehsana, Gujarat
The survey finds that, of the 28 districts surveyed, in 24 states, Kerala's Ernakulam is the best performer, with just about 1.4% children in the "not enrolled" category, followed by Maharashtra's Ahmednagar (4.3%) and Satara (6%), Andhra Pradesh's Srikakulam and Assam's Kamrup (7.2%), Manipur's Bishnupur and Nagaland's Kohima (7.5%), Himachal Pradesh's Kangra (7.8%), Uttarakhand's Dehradun (8.8%), Tamil Nadu's Madurai and Haryana's Sonepat (8.9).
The six districts performing worse than Gujarat's Mehsana are -- Jharkhand's Purbi Singhbhum (21%), Madhya Pradesh's Rewa (28.1%) and Bhopal (31.5%), Meghalaya's Jaintia Hills (22%), Rajasthan's Udaipur (22.7%), and Uttar Pradesh's Bijnor (28.7%).
A further breakup by ASER shows that, in Mehsana, 17.9% boys in the age group 14-18 are not enrolled, as against 22.4% girls. Interesting, in the higher age group, 17-18, 36.7% children of Mehsana are found to be "not enrolled" -- 34.6% boys and 38.7% girls.
ASER notes, the issue of enrolment in the age group 14-18 is particularly important because there is already "near-universal enrolment and automatic promotion through the elementary stage" resulting in "more and more children successfully completing elementary schooling", with official figures suggesting that enrollment in Std VIII almost doubled in the decade between 2004-5 and 2014-15."
"Overall, 86% of youth in the 14-18 age group are within the formal education system, either in school or in college", the report says, adding, "More than half of all youth in this age group are enrolled in Std X or below (54%). Another 25% are either in Std XI or XII, and 6% are enrolled in undergraduate and other degree courses."
Across all the districts, it was found that "the enrollment gap between males and females in the formal education system increases with age", ASER says, adding, "There is hardly any difference between boys’ and girls’ enrollment at age 14; but at age 18, 32% females are not enrolled as compared to 28% males."
"The proportion of youth not enrolled in school or college increases with age. At age 14, the percentage of youth not enrolled is 5%. By age 18, this figure increases to 30%", the report says.

Comments

Dr. Uma Sheth said…
Modi's Gujarat is far from shining--on all parameters, it is backward and in most probably beating only Bihar, UP, Orissa....
Manish Doshi said…
alarming report on education system in Gujarat.

think on positive way...



TRENDING

World Bank clarifies: Its 26th rank to India not for universal access to power but for ease of doing business

By Our Representative
In a major embarrassment to the Government of India, the World Bank has reportedly clarified that it has not ranked India 26th out of 130 countries for providing power to its population. The top international banker’s clarification comes following Union Power Minister Piyush Goyal’s claim that India has “improved to 26 position from 99” in access to electricity in just one year.

"Misleading" satellite images being shared on Balakot surgical strike on Jaish camp

By Dr Vinay Kate*
With every passing day more questions are being raised about the surgical strike India did in Balakot as a response to Pulwama attacks. So far the Indian media has claimed mass casulaty of 300+ terrorists of Jaish-e-Mohammad in this surgical strike, but there is hardly any report from foreign media about the same.

Extreme repression, corporate loot, cultural genocide "characterise" India's tribal belt

Counterview Desk
As Lok Sabha polls approach, there is considerable ferment in one section of the population -- India's Adivasis, forming about 8.6 per cent of India's population. Things became particularly critical following the February 14, 2019 Supreme Court order, allegedly seeking to evict lakhs of tribals from their forest lands.

Industry in India "barely growing", export growth 0%, whither moral anchors?

Counterview Desk
In a sharp critique of the Modi government, the Indian Institute of Management-Ahmedabad (IIM-A), one of world renowned economist Prof Kaushik Basu, who is Professor of Economics and Carl Marks Professor of International Studies at Cornell University, has told students at the IIM-A’s 54th Annual Convocation on March 16, 2019 that they have a “special responsibility” on their shoulders, “the responsibility to reject narrow sectarianism, uphold scientific thinking, openness to new ideas, and freedom of speech.”

Gujarat model? Industrial effluents "invade" borewells, discharge coloured water in farms

By Rajiv Shah
In a major embarrassment for Gujarat model, of the 21 samples taken by officials of the state government's environmental watchdog Gujarat Pollution Control Board (GPCB) in two villages of Vadodara district and analyzed by its laboratory in Gandhinagar, the state capital, to find out pollution level in groundwater, 16 were assessed as highly contaminated – these were, in fact, found to be discharging reddish, brownish, reddish, or yellowish water.

Refugees as criminals? US govt report blames Amit Shah for calling Bangladeshis termites

Counterview Desk
The chapter “Freedom of Movement” of the US State Department’s “India 2018 Human Rights Report”, released recently, has criticized BJP chief Amit Shah for terming alleged Bangladeshis who may be in Assam as “termites”, because their names were struck down from the list of National Register of Citizens, under preparation in the state.
Pointing out that four million residents were excluded from Assam’s final draft list, leading to “uncertainty over the status of these individuals, many of whose families had lived in the state for several generations”, the report regrets, the Indian law does not even contain the term “refugee,” treating refugees like Rohingiyas as “any other foreigners.”
“Undocumented physical presence in the country is a criminal offense. Persons without documentation were vulnerable to forced returns and abuse”, the report says.
Text of the Freedom of Movement chapter: The law provides for freedom of internal movement, foreign travel, emigration, a…

Mental health: India's 95% patients "deprived" of medical care, treatment gap 70%

By Moin Qazi*
Among the many challenges India faces, the most underappreciated is the ongoing mental health crisis. Mental illness is actually India’s ticking bomb. An estimated 56 million Indians suffer from depression, and 38 million from anxiety disorders. For those who suffer from mental illness, life can seem like a terrible prison from which there is no hope of escape; they are left forlorn and abandoned, stigmatized, shunned and misunderstood.

Congress would win just 9 of 26 Lok Sabha seats: Gujarat Assembly segment-wise analysis

By Rajiv Shah
Even as the Congress plans its first working committee meet in Gujarat on February 28 after an almost 58 year gap, there is reason to wonder what is in store for India’s grand old party in a state which has been long been a BJP bastion – in fact ever since mid-1990s. Ahead of the then assembly polls in late 2012, talking with me, a senior Gujarat Congress leader, currently Rajya Sabha MP, frankly said he saw no reason why Congress would win.

"Pro-corporate" Supreme Court order on FRA would further marginalize Adivasis

By VS Roy David, JP Raju*
For millions of Adivasis and other traditional forest dwellers February 13, 2019 will go down in history as the day of apocalypse. This is like the proverbial Black Friday where millions of most marginalized people of India were ordered by malicious anti-people draconian Supreme Court order depriving them the life and livelihood by evicting them from their habitats.

Financial inclusion? Not micro-loans; India's poor "need" investment in health, education

By Moin Qazi*
India has grown into a global powerhouse. Its economy is soaring but the picture on the ground is still quite arid. The green shoots that you see are only a patch of its landscape. Most Indians are hapless victims of inequity. India is one country where intense poverty abounds in the shadow of immense wealth.