Skip to main content

Is Gujarat govt camouflaging dropout data of lower primary? Flash data show very high repeaters

By Rajiv Shah
Is the Gujarat government hiding a high dropout rate at the primary level in the state, especially at the lower level (grades 1 to 5)? It would seem so, considering that the latest data, provided by the Gujarat government to the Union ministry of human resources suggest a very high "repetition rate" at the lower primary level, 6.67 per cent, as against the national average of half as much, 3.17 per cent. In fact, it is the the second highest in the country -- next to West Bengal's 10.90 per cent and equal to Bihar. The data are reflected in the latest "Flash Statistics" of "Elementary Education in India: Towards Universal Elementary Education", put out by the Government of India, put out this month.
Educational experts say, repetition rate "measures the phenomenon of pupils from a cohort repeating a grade, and its effect on the internal efficiency of educational systems. In addition, it is one of the key indicators for analysing and projecting pupil flows from grade to grade within the educational cycle." Obtained from school register, school survey or census for data on enrollment and repeaters by grade, experts add, "repetition rate ideally should approach zero per cent"; and a high repetition rate "reveals problems in the internal efficiency of the educational system."
As against a very high repetition rate, the flash statistics on Gujarat reveal a low dropout rate at the lower primary level, just about 2.99 per cent, as against the national average of 6.50 per cent. The dropout rate, for instance, for standards 1 to 5 is calculated by finding out how many children admitted in class 1 reach class 5. As a general rule, the children who are dropped out are often found to become child workers. In Gujarat, many of these children migrate with their parents, who go to cities or villages to work in the booming construction industry or work as agricultural workers in rich farmers' fields, respectively.
There has been some criticism from certain quarters lately -- though still quite subdued -- that there is a specific instruction to schools to re-register the name of those children who do not turn up in the school next year in the same grade. This is done, say activists working on education in various voluntary organisations, in order to show a high enrollment rate. However, clearly, these data cannot hide number of repeaters in a particular grade, hence they find reflected in the overall enrollment data. While it is very easy to manipulate data on low dropout rate by showing that children remain in schools, this can only be done by "re-enrolling" dropped out children. Hiding data of those who are "re-enrolled" in the same grade on "completion" of a year, indeed, is virtually impossible.
It seems, while compiling data, the state officialdom has not taken enough care to camouflage the dropout rate the higher primary level (grades 6 to 8). Data handed over to the Central government show that dropout rate at the higher primary level is a whopping 29.33 per cent in Gujarat, as against the national average of just  6.56 per cent. As for repetition rate at the higher primary level, it "automatically" drops by not "re-enrolling" children who have been dropped out. Even then, the repetition rate at the higher primary level in Gujarat is 3.28 per cent, which is higher (almost double) than the national average of 1.83 per cent.
There is so far no word from the state officialdom on why the repetition rate is so high both at the lower primary and higher primary levels, or why is the dropout rate at the higher primary level zooms so high, becoming the highest compared to any other state -- except Karnataka, whose dropout rate at the higher primary level is 36.39 per cent. While the state officialdom keeps saying that it has "succeeded" in bringing down high dropout rate, it has failed to suggest anywhere, in any documents, if that is so, why is the repetition rate so high at the lower primary level, almost double that of India.

Repetition rate among states:                          
States
Lower primary
Upper
primary
AP
0.57
0.40
Assam
2.07
2.58
Bihar
6.68
3.04
Chhattisgarh
0.82
0.44
Gujarat
6.67
3.28
Haryana
0.71
0.14
HP  
0.89
0.83
J&K
0.72
1.54
Jharkhand
5.58
1.56
Karnataka
1.18
1.21
Kerala
1.80
2.16
MP
1.51
0.79
Maharashtra
NA
NA
Odisha
2.92
1.42
Punjab
0.61
0.37
Rajasthan
4.29
2.37
TN
0.07
0.06
UP
1.63
1.82
Uttarakhand
4.89
2.30
WB
10.90
7.39
All-India
3.17
1.83


























Dropout rate among states:
States
Lower primary
Upper primary    
AP
6.17
6.83
Assam
11.71
3.61
Bihar
5.68
2.91
Chhattisgarh
4.93
1.72
Gujarat
2.99
29.33
Haryana
NA
NA
HP
0.72
0.90
J&K
11.33
4.42
Jharkhand
12.62
6.39
Karnataka
2.03
36.39
Kerala
0.08
1.20
MP
8.31
 7.40
Maharashtra
1.86
3.30
Odisha
5.37
3.62
Punjab
1.80
NA
Rajasthan
7.79
0.01
TN
0.98
0.28
UP
11.85
3.97
Uttarakhand
4.93
2.09
WB
6.61
5.91
All-India
6.50
6.56



Comments

TRENDING

Congress 'promises' cancellation of Adani power project: Jharkhand elections

Counterview Desk
Pointing out that people's issues take a backseat in Jharkhand's 2019 assembly elections, the state's civil rights organization, the Jharkhand Janadhikar Mahasabha, a coalition of activists and people’s organisations, has said that political parties have largely ignored in their electoral manifestos the need to implement the fifth schedule of the Constitution in a predominantly tribal district.

Gujarat refusal to observe Maulana Azad's birthday as Education Day 'discriminatory'

By Our Representative
The Gujarat government decision not to celebrate the National Education Day on !monday has gone controversial. Civil society organizations have particularly wondered whether the state government is shying away from the occasion, especially against the backdrop of "deteriorating" level of education in Gujarat.

Hindutva founders 'borrowed' Nazi, fascist idea of one flag, one leader, one ideology

By Shamsul Islam*
With the unleashing of the reign of terror by the RSS/BJP rulers against working-class, peasant organizations, women organizations, student movements, intellectuals, writers, poets and progressive social/political activists, India also witnessed a series of resistance programmes organized by the pro-people cultural organizations in different parts of the country. My address in some of these programmes is reproduced here... 
***  Before sharing my views on the tasks of artists-writers-intellectuals in the times of fascism, let me briefly define fascism and how it is different from totalitarianism. Totalitarianism is political concept, a dictatorship of an individual, family or group which prohibits opposition in any form, and exercises an extremely high degree of control over public and private life. It is also described as authoritarianism.
Whereas fascism, while retaining all these repressive characteristics, also believes in god-ordained superiority of race, cultur…

Ex-World Bank chief economist doubts spurt in India's ease of doing business rank

By Rajiv Shah
This is in continuation of my previous blog where I had quoted from a commentary which top economist Prof Kaushik Basu had written in the New York Times (NYT) a little less than a month ago, on November 6, to be exact. He recalled this article through a tweet on November 29, soon after it was made known that India's growth rate had slumped (officially!) to 4.5%.

With RSS around, does India need foreign enemy to undo its democratic-secular fabric?

By Shamsul Islam*
Many well-meaning liberal and secular political analysts are highly perturbed by sectarian policy decisions of RSS/BJP rulers led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, especially after starting his second inning. They are vocal in red-flagging lynching incidents, policies of the Modi government on Kashmir, the National Register of Citizens (NRC), the demand for 'Bharat Ratna' to Savarkar who submitted 6-7 mercy petitions to the British masters (getting remission of 40 years out of 50 years' sentence), and the murder of constitutional norms in Goa, Karnataka and now in Maharashtra.

Rushdie, Pamuk, 260 writers tell Modi: Aatish episode casts chill on public discourse

Counterview Desk
As many as 260 writers, journalists, artists, academics and activists across the world, including Salman Rushdie, British Indian novelist, Orhan Pamuk, Turkish novelist and recipient of the 2006 Nobel Prize in literature, and Margaret Atwood, Canadian poet and novelist, have called upon Prime Minister Narendra Modi to review the decision to strip British Indian writer Aatish Taseer of his overseas Indian citizenship.

Girl child education: 20 major states 'score' better than Gujarat, says GoI report

By Rajiv Shah
A Government of India report, released last month, has suggested that “model” Gujarat has failed to make any progress vis-à-vis other states in ensuring that girls continue to remain enrolled after they leave primary schools. The report finds that, in the age group 14-17, Gujarat’s 71% girls are enrolled at the secondary and higher secondary level, which is worse than 20 out of 22 major states for which data have been made available.

Worrying signs in BJP: Modi, Shah begin 'cold-shouldering' Gujarat CM, party chief

By RK Misra*
The political developments in neighbouring Maharashtra where a Shiv Sena-NCP-Congress government assumed office has had a trickle down effect in Gujarat with both the ruling BJP and the Congress opposition going into revamp mode.

Post-Balakot, danger that events might spiral out of control is 'greater, not less'

By Tapan Bose*
The fear of war in South Asia is increasing. Tensions are escalating between India and Pakistan after the Indian defence minister's announcement in August this year that India may revoke its current commitment to only use nuclear weapons in retaliation for a nuclear attack, known as ‘no first use’. According to some experts who are watching the situation the risk of a conflict between the two countries has never been greater since they both tested nuclear weapons in 1998.

'Favouring' tribals and ignoring Adivasis? Behind coercion of India's aborigines

By Mohan Guruswamy*
Tribal people account for 8.2% of India’s population. They are spread over all of India’s States and Union Territories. Even so they can be broadly classified into three groupings. The first grouping consists of populations who predate the Indo-Aryan migrations. These are termed by many anthropologists as the Austro-Asiatic-speaking Australoid people.