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British poll ritual of two UK parties 'failing to provide' genuine alternative

By Bhabani Shankar Nayak* 

British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak, currently considered one of the most unpopular political figures in the UK, has announced that the next general election will be held on July 4, 2024. According to a YouGov Westminster Voting Intention survey conducted on May 30, the Labour Party holds a 25% lead over the Conservative Party. 
Should these percentages translate into actual votes on July 4, the unpopular Prime Minister is likely to be replaced by the most unpopular opposition leader Sir Keir Starmer. 
Both Sunak and Starmer are representatives of two sides of the same ideological spectrum, which prioritises the interests of the wealthy, large corporations, and both British and international elites, often at the expense of the working class. This has led to significant disillusionment among voters, who feel that neither party genuinely addresses their concerns and needs.
The dominance of these two parties in British politics has undermined the conditions necessary for the deepening of democracy and the implementation of robust welfare policies. 
Leadership within both the Conservative and Labour parties is committed to policies that ultimately weaken the working masses, exacerbating exploitative working conditions and socio-economic inequalities. It often appears as though these two parties are in a contest to see who can be more ruthless in their treatment of the populace.
Once upon a time, the Labour Party played a historic role in shaping progressive welfare policies, institutions, and laws such as the Equal Pay Act, the Minimum Wage, and key health and education policies, including the establishment of the National Health Service (NHS). These contributions significantly advanced social justice and improved the lives of countless individuals. 
However, the current Labour Party seems to be undermining its own legacy. By adopting policies and stances that echo those of the Conservative Party (the Tories), it risks dismantling the very achievements that once defined it. 
This shift raises concerns among supporters who believe the party is straying from its foundational principles of equality, fairness, and social welfare. The current trajectory of the Labour Party under Sir Keir Starmer's leadership has raised significant concerns about its adherence to traditional Labour values.
Ideologically, the Labour Party has traditionally been a broad church, encompassing a wide range of perspectives and beliefs. This diversity has included social democrats, democratic socialists, leftists, trade unionists, more centrist members and liberals who advocate for market-friendly policies within a minimalist framework of social justice. 
This ideological plurality has been both a strength and a challenge for the party, allowing it to appeal to a broad spectrum of voters while also navigating internal tensions. 
However, Sir Keir Starmer-led Labour Party is moving into a reactionary political landscape sans labour values. From day one of his leadership, he has been busy suspending progressive, left-wing, trade unionist, and democratic leaders within the party, as if he is on a mission to cleanse the Labour Party of its progressive character.
Similarly, the Conservative Party is dedicated to maintaining its political tradition, which prioritizes the interests of British elites, large corporations, and businesses. The political ethos within the Conservative Party extends support to the ideology of white supremacists under the guise of national interests and conservative British cultural values, thereby perpetuating a system of political patronage. 
Labour Party seems to be undermining its own legacy by adopting policies that echo those of the Conservatives
This alignment with white supremacist ideals not only undermines the principles of equality and inclusivity but also exacerbates societal divisions and tensions in 21st century Britain. 
These two parties in British politics bear striking similarities in their policies, ideological commitments, and interactions with the populace. Both the Conservative Party and the Labour Party share commonalities in their approaches to governance, often aligning on key issues such as economic strategy, social welfare, and foreign policy. 
Their ideological foundations, while distinct in certain aspects, frequently converge on matters of corporate interests branded as national importance.
The electoral rituals of democracy, orchestrated by these two parties, fail to provide a genuine alternative for the common people. The forthcoming general election on July 4 merely perpetuates a cycle wherein an unpopular ruling party and its leadership are replaced by an equally unpopular opposition party and its leadership. 
This recurring pattern underscores the disillusionment felt by many citizens who perceive little substantive difference between the policies and priorities of the incumbent government and the opposition. Despite the democratic façade of electoral choice, the fundamental interests of ordinary people often remain marginalised amidst the political theatre enacted by these parties in Britain.
The mere act of alternating power between two unpopular entities does little to address the systemic issues and challenges facing society. Instead, it reinforces a sense of political inertia and cynicism, eroding trust in the democratic process itself. In such a climate, the need for genuine alternatives and transformative leadership becomes increasingly evident. 
Citizens deserve more than a superficial exchange of power; they deserve meaningful representation and policies that genuinely reflect their interests and aspirations. Until such alternatives emerge, the electoral rituals orchestrated by the dominant parties will continue to ring hollow for many disenfranchised voters. 
However, the result of the forthcoming general election is crucial as it will determine the direction of the UK's political landscape amidst ongoing economic, political challenges and social issues. 
Many are calling for a shift towards policies that more directly benefit the broader population, rather than maintaining the status quo that favours the elites.

Will the British electoral irony offer any alternatives?

The British electoral irony, characterised by the cyclic exchange of power between unpopular parties, may indeed present opportunities for alternative voices to emerge. While the dominant parties may seem entrenched in their positions of influence, historical precedents demonstrate that shifts in political landscapes can occur, often catalysed by grassroots movements, new political parties, or charismatic leaders. 
In recent years, people have witnessed the rise of smaller progressive parties, green politics and independent candidates challenging the status quo, offering alternative visions and policies that resonate with disenchanted voters. 
These movements, although initially marginalised, can gradually gain momentum, reshaping the political discourse and forcing established parties to adapt or risk irrelevance.
Moreover, societal changes and evolving public attitudes can create fertile ground for new ideas and progressive ideologies to take root in the expansion of working-class politics. Issues such as climate change, social inequality, and technological innovation have the potential to galvanise diverse coalitions and mobilise support for unconventional political platforms. 
Ultimately, the British electoral system, despite its limitations and paradoxes, remains dynamic and responsive to changing realities. While entrenched interests may resist change, the inherent unpredictability of politics means that genuine alternatives can emerge from unexpected quarters, offering hope for a more inclusive and representative democracy despite its current irony.
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*University of Glasgow, UK

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