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'Social parasites': Amazon, Google, Facebook benefit disproportionately from digital economy

By Bhabani Shankar Nayak* 

Social parasites are capable individuals who live off the values, products, services, donations, and sacrifices resulting from the labour of others. These individuals are like priestly class who remain in their comfort zones, refraining from engaging in any meaningful work, and they consider this parasitic lifestyle as normal and natural. Such social parasites neither contribute to the meaningful growth of their own lives nor to the well-being of their families, societies, or states in any significant way. 
They often serve as the foundations for reactionary social, political, economic, cultural, and religious trends within society. These parasites produce reactionary politics and lumpens based on their reactionary ideals based on dependency for survival.
Social parasites exhibit a concerning pattern of behaviours where they exploit the efforts and resources of others while offering little to no meaningful input themselves. Their ability to thrive without meaningful contribution creates a cycle of dependency and complacency. 
These individuals often rationalise their lifestyle, seeing it as an acceptable norm rather than recognising it as a detrimental social issue. Their lack of contribution extends beyond personal growth to impact broader societal structures. 
By not participating actively in the economy or community development, they place additional burdens on those who are socially productive. Families often bear the weight of supporting these individuals, which can lead to strained relationships and reduced quality of life for those who are working hard to provide.
Social parasites are escapists who outsource their predicaments to the very individuals or institutions that sustain their lazy and parasitic lifestyles. Social parasites, by outsourcing their responsibilities and challenges, create a dependency loop that not only affects their personal development but also places undue strain on those who support them. 
These escapists avoid facing the difficulties and realities of life, preferring instead to rely on the efforts and resources of others. This behaviour erodes their own potential for growth and self-improvement, leaving them stagnant and unfulfilled. For the individuals supporting social parasites, the impact can be significant. Family members, friends, or institutions that provide for these individuals often experience increased stress and financial burden. 
The constant need to support someone who contributes little in return can lead to resentment and strained relationships. Over time, this dynamic can erode the quality of life for those who are productive and responsible, as they are forced to allocate resources and energy to sustain the parasites. The consequences of the growth of social parasites are far-reaching for both individuals and societies.
On a societal level, social parasites can perpetuate and reinforce reactionary trends. Their detachment from meaningful work and community involvement often aligns them with conservative or regressive movements that resist progress and change. 
This alignment can manifest in various ways, including supporting political ideologies that favour maintaining the status quo or opposing reforms that could benefit the greater good. The proliferation of social parasites can lead to broader economic and social issues. When a sizable portion of the population opts out of contributing meaningfully to their lives and society, it reduces overall meaningful contributions. 
This can stifle economic growth and limit opportunities for advancement and prosperity. Additionally, the presence of social parasites can exacerbate social inequality, as resources are diverted to support those who do not contribute, widening the gap between the meaningful engagement and socially unproductive segments of society.
Economically, their lack of participation stifles innovation and growth. When a significant portion of the population opts out of contributing meaningfully, it hinders the potential for collective advancement. This economic stagnation can lead to increased inequality and social unrest, as the gap between contributors and non-contributors widens. 
Moreover, the reliance of social parasites on external support systems can drain resources. Social welfare programs and charitable organisations that are designed to help those in genuine need can become overwhelmed by individuals who exploit these systems without making any effort to improve their circumstances. This misuse of resources can detract from the support available to those who truly need it, diminishing the overall effectiveness of social safety nets.
Culturally and religiously, social parasites can become bastions of traditionalism as a safe heaven for survival, resisting cultural evolution, and clinging to outdated practices. Their influence can slow the progression of societal values, making it difficult for communities to adapt to changing times and embrace more inclusive, progressive ideals. 
By not participating actively in the economy or community development, they place additional burdens on those who are socially productive
Social parasites often embody and perpetuate a culture of complacency and entitlement, which can undermine the values of meaningful work, responsibility, and mutual support that are essential for a healthy, functioning society. This culture can spread, influencing others to adopt similar attitudes and behaviours, further entrenching the problem.
The advent of the digital revolution has reshaped the very fabric of capitalism, speeding up its processes and expanding its reach. At the heart of this transformation are the so-called techno-feudals, the powerful entities that dominate the rent seeking platform economy. 
 The dominant platform companies like Amazon, Google, and Facebook have become modern-day landlords, controlling vast digital territories, and extracting profit from the activities within their unproductive domains, where producers, consumers, and sellers alike are exploited. These techno-feudals have created ecosystems that promote a culture of relentless growth and consumption. In this environment, the concept of social parasitism emerges, where certain entities thrive at the expense of broader societal well-being. 
These social parasites can be seen as those who benefit disproportionately from the digital economy while contributing little to the common good. This includes not only the platform owners themselves but also the practices that encourage the exploitation of gig workers, the erosion of privacy, and the manipulation of consumer behaviours.
The normalisation of these practices is facilitated by the pervasive influence of digital platforms. They shape our perceptions, behaviours, and even our social structures, making it increasingly difficult to imagine alternatives to the current system. 
As a result, the digital revolution not only accelerates capitalist culture but also entrenches the power of those who control the platforms, creating a new form of digital feudalism. The digital revolution has turbocharged the culture of capitalism by empowering techno-feudals within the platform economy, who normalise and perpetuate a growth culture that resembles social parasitism. 
This shift has profound implications for society, requiring critical examination and potential reimagining of how digital technologies and economic systems intersect and evolve a culture of social parasites.
In this way, social parasites are capable individuals who, by living off the labour of others and avoiding meaningful work, hinder the growth and development of themselves and their communities. Their lifestyle not only burdens families and societies but also supports reactionary trends that resist necessary progress in various aspects of life. 
Subsequently, social parasites are escapists who outsource their challenges to those who sustain their lifestyles, resulting in personal stagnation and widespread societal consequences. The growth of social parasites imposes significant burdens on individuals, families, and institutions, while also hindering meaningful contributions and fostering a culture of entitlement detrimental to progress, peace, and prosperity.
Capitalism and its culture breed all forms of social parasitism and normalise lumpen culture. Social parasitism was criminalised in Soviet Russia to ensure the growth of meaningful and honest work. However, criminalisation is not a solution. Social parasitism can only end with the growth of socially meaningful individual consciousness, where individuals develop a need and desire to engage in socially meaningful life and activities.
*London Metropolitan University



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