Skip to main content

Implement Right to Education, provide Rs 2 lakh crore to 'laggard' states: RTE Forum

By Our Representative
The Right to Education (RTE) Forum, in a submission to the pre-budget consultation for 2020-21 on December 23 to the Union Finance Ministry, has said that though this year marks 10 years of completion of the enactment of RTE Act, 2009, "Evidence both based on the field reports and macro-data, CAG reports as well as independent studies, points to the multiple areas of non-compliance."
Made by Ambarish Rai, national convener, RTE Forum, the submission said there is a need to provide a "big push in financial resources to educationally lagging 16 states", pointing towards how the overall picture of inadequacy of current levels of spending does not address "the unequal position of the states."
"Our federal setup makes it important to examine the funds required by each state and their own ability to find resources. Sixteen states are identified where the additional resource requirement exceeds 1 percent of their Gross State Domestic Product. A big push from the Centre for these states is necessary if all regions and all states are to fulfill the RTE mandate", Rai said.
Giving details of the additional resource requirements for RTE, Rai said, these are Bihar (Rs 47,736 crore), UP (Rs 38,316 crore), MP (Rs 22,682 crore), West Bengal (Rs.19,870 crore), Rajasthan (Rs 17,731 crore), Orissa (Rs 13,306 crore), Jharkhand (Rs 11,122 crore), Assam (Rs 10,875 crore), Chhattisgarh (Rs 7,708 crore),  and seven other Special Category States (Rs 10,201 crore). The total comes to Rs 1,99,547 crore.
Rai regretted, the problem has been aggravated because "the Center has consistently reduced its contribution to overall public spending on elementary education in the recent years." At the same time, he added, states should be allowed "to plan and implement their programmes in a way most suited to local needs and conditions."
The submission, quoting official figures, said that in 2016-17 only 12.7% schools complied with the Act's provisions. "It is evident that due to acute financial crunch, the RTE Act couldn’t be realized on ground and universalisation of quality education still remains a distant dream in our country", Rai asserted.
Underling the need to address the "immediate crisis in terms of quality and equity in education" in order to meet the UN Sustainable Development Goals for early childhood and secondary education, he said, "There is an urgent need to enhance budgetary allocation for education and move towards 6% of GDP, which is a long-standing national commitment and has been reaffirmed in the draft National Education Policy (NEP) 2019.”
The Center has consistently reduced its contribution to overall public spending on elementary education
According to Rai, "There is need to make a departure from the practice of incremental budgeting and adopt a clear financial roadmap for universalization of elementary education compliant with the RTE Act 2009", adding, this roadmap should be "based on the framework of equitable financing, which would allow public education of equitable quality for everyone."
Insisting on the need to prioritize quality of education, Rai said, investing in teachers should be "the biggest determinant of quality education", adding, this should be backed up with "filling teacher vacancies and strengthening teacher training and onsite support." Other measures required include "ensuring adequate, timely availability of teaching learning materials including textbooks and libraries."
Rai said, there should be "greater investment in the education of out of school children, migrants and child labourers, especially those in educationally lagging areas and from marginalized communities to address educational inequality".
Wanting "greater emphasis" on making education "gender transformative", Rai said, there is a need to "invest for the education of girls and ensure availability of more public secondary schools in the neighbourhood", especially in of the fact that "relatively less number of girls transit to secondary level", which is especially for girls from SC, ST, OBC and minority communities.

Comments

TRENDING

Savarkar 'criminally betrayed' Netaji and his INA by siding with the British rulers

By Shamsul Islam* RSS-BJP rulers of India have been trying to show off as great fans of Netaji. But Indians must know what role ideological parents of today's RSS/BJP played against Netaji and Indian National Army (INA). The Hindu Mahasabha and RSS which always had prominent lawyers on their rolls made no attempt to defend the INA accused at Red Fort trials.

Did Netaji turn blind eye to Japanese massacre while in Andaman during World War-II?

Dr Diwan Singh Kalepani museum off Chandigarh By Rajiv Shah  Did Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose ignore the massacre carried out by the Japanese army in Andaman and Nicobar islands during the Second World War? It would seem so, if one goes by the account of Mohinder Singh Dhillon, who authored a book in memory of his father, 'A Titan in the Andamans, Dr Diwan Singh Kalepani'. Dr Diwan Singh was tortured to death by the Japanese soldiers in the cellular jail in Andaman in 1944.

A golden goose, GoI bent on selling LIC 'for pittance' without consulting stakeholders

By Thomas Franco*  In spite of strong opposition from all sections of the society, the Finance Minister (FM) recently asked her Ministries to speed up Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) Initial Public Offer (IPO). Does she realise that this can lead to collapse of the economy over a period of time because LIC is a golden goose which is giving golden eggs regularly to the economy, development projects and providing social security to the majority of the marginalised people of this country.

Sweden-backed study: India won't achieve 2030 UN goals, officials can't recognise SDG

By Rajiv Shah  A Swedish Society for Nature Conservation (SSNC)-sponsored study, carried out by the advocacy group Consumer Unity & Trust Society (CUTS) India, seeking to analyse the United Nation's Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) No 12, Responsible Consumption and Production (RCP), has regretted, it is "very unlikely" India will achieve any of the targets of SDG 12 by 2030 "unless some serious measures are taken by the government to reverse the present trend."

Modi's Gujarat 'ignores' India's biggest donor of Azad Hind Fauj, Dhoraji's Habib Sheth

By Dr Hari Desai* One surely feels happy that the statue of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose is being installed near the India Gate in New Delhi. Every Indian and even Netaji’s 79-year-old daughter Prof Anita Bose Pfaff feels happy about the statue at the most important area of the capital. In an interview with an Indian TV, Anita, who is a German citizen, mentions that she thinks if not Netaji’s only Mahatma Gandhi’s statue should have been there. She may be aware that there existed a plan to install life-sized statue of the Father of the Nation at that place.  Even after differences with Mahatma Gandhi and Sardar Patel which led Netaji to leave the Indian National Congress, Bose was the first person to call Mahtma Gandhi Father of the Nation on July 6,1944 in his Ragoon Radio broadcast, and sought Bapu’s blessings as the Supreme Commander of the Indian National Army (INA). Till 1968 there was statue of King George V at India Gate. It was removed and placed in the Coronation Park, New Del

Savarkar 'opposed' Bhagat Singh's, Netaji's dream of India, supported British war efforts

By Shamsul Islam* In a shocking development, the student wing of the RSS put the busts of martyrs Bhagat Singh and Subhash Chandra Bose with Savarkar's on one pedestal at the University of Delhi late in the night on August 20, 2019. Bhagat Singh sacrificed his life for a socialist-democratic-secular republic and Netaji raised Azad Hind Fauj (INA) consisting of people of all religions and regions for armed liberation of India.

Why Church in India today needs a Rutilio Grande, martyred for stance on social justice

By Fr Cedric Prakash SJ*  For the people of El Salvador, January 22, 2022 will be more than just a red-letter day. Three of their sons, Jesuit Fr Rutilio Grande and his two lay associates 72-year-old Manuel Solorzano and 15-year-old Nelson Rutilio Lemus (and Italian Franciscan missionary Fr Cosme Spessotto who was also martyred) will be beatified in San Salvador.

Swami Vivekananda's views on caste and sexuality were 'painfully' regressive

By Bhaskar Sur* Swami Vivekananda now belongs more to the modern Hindu mythology than reality. It makes a daunting job to discover the real human being who knew unemployment, humiliation of losing a teaching job for 'incompetence', longed in vain for the bliss of a happy conjugal life only to suffer the consequent frustration.

'Dargah site was a temple': Claim in Gujarat following post-Babri verdict demands in UP

By Rajiv Shah  Will Gujarat also see demands to replace mosques and dargahs with Hindu temples? It would seem so, if a new fact-finding team conclusion is any indication. Apprehending the “danger” of communal conflagration, it has cited the claim on a 15th century dargah was originally a Hindu temple – allegedly quite on line with what has been happening in UP following the Supreme Court verdict on Babri Mosque.

Is it time to celebrate India's 'improved' sex ratio? Reasons to question NFHS data

By Aditi Chaudhary*  The recently published National Family Health Survey (NFHS) factsheet brought cheers amongst the public and the government. With Child Sex ratio (number of females per 1000 males in the age group 0 - 6 years) and overall sex ratio (the total number of females per 1000 males), both showing an improvement, NFHS-5 (2019-21) got applauded by all around.