Skip to main content

Govt of India step to scrap no detention to "dramatically increase" school drop out rate

Counterview Desk
The Right to Education (RTE) Forum has, in a statement, said that scrapping of "no detention" in schools, for which an Bill has been passed in Parliament, would lead to more dropouts, even as diluting the key provisions of the RTE Act. It believes, the "no detention" policy has led to a sharp fall in the drop out in schools at the primary level, and by seeking to drop it, the "innocent children" of backward communities would suffer the most, as repeating children in the same class would impact their psychology adversely.

Text of the statement:

The Right to Education (RTE) Forum believes that Rajya Sabha’s decision to pass the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Second Amendment) Bill, 2017, which will allow states to detain children in class V and VIII will lead to an increase in the number of dropouts in the country and also dilute the RTE Act.
It was proved in the Rajya Sabha on (January 3, 2019) that the Government of India has not just systematically failed to implement the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 (RTE Act) but also conveniently decided to punish millions of children for its failures.
According to national convener, RTE Forum, Ambarish Rai: “The consequence of detaining a child in the same class works adversely on the child’s psyche and has a deep impact on his/her self-esteem. It is a very unfortunate move which will impact all children, particularly those belonging to most marginalised communities leading to an increase in the number of dropouts. Children will be penalized for the system’s failure to provide quality education.”
Even after eight years of the RTE Act implementation, almost 90% of schools in India are not fully RTE compliant, millions of students are still out of school, huge numbers of teachers’ posts remain vacant.
But instead of effectively working to ensure the provisions of the RTE Act are implemented, the government has resorted to an easy route and has put the burden of the poor quality of education on the children. Samajwadi Party MP Javed Ali Khan, while opposing the bill mentioned "We cannot place the burden of pass or fail on small, innocent children in primary classes."
The very premise that detention would ensure better learning outcomes is without evidence. The Gita Bhukkal Committee Report cites research that shows that repeating does not help children perform better, rather repeating has adverse academic and social effects on the child.
The argument that no detention is the cause for low learning outcomes is faulty. On the contrary, since the introduction of "no detention", the annual dropout rate has halved (from 8.61% in 2006-07 to 4.34% in 2014-15). The retention rate has increased by 9% (74.92% in 2008 to 83.73% in 2014-15) and the transition rate (primary to upper primary) has increased by 7%.
CPI-M MP KK Ragesh rightly pointed out at the Rajya Sabha yesterday that detention will lead to an increase in the drop-out rate.
The greatest negative impact of this move will be on disadvantaged groups. First generation learners and Adivasi students whose mother tongue is other than the language of instruction in the school may be expected to have higher rates of detention.
Similarly, education of children with disabilities would be expected to suffer on account of the ‘outcome’ based criteria in the absence of measures to ensure inclusive education within the public education system.

Comments

Uma said…
Which is better: to allow students to reach the last year in school not knowing much and of no hope of getting employment or letting them drop out and have no hope of getting employment? It is Hobson's choice

TRENDING

August 22 to be observed as Apostasy Day: International coalition of ex-Muslim groups

By Our Representative
In a unique move, an international coalition of ex-Muslim organisations has decided to observe August 22, 2020 as the Apostasy Day. To be observed for “the abandonment or renunciation of religion”, the coalition, calling upon people to join the call, said, the decision to observe the Apostasy Day has been taken because of apostasy is “punishable by death in Afghanistan, Iran, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritania, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, UAE, and Yemen.”

Buddhist shrines massively destroyed by Brahmanical rulers in "pre-Islamic" era: Historian DN Jha's survey

By Our Representative
Prominent historian DN Jha, an expert in India's ancient and medieval past, in his new book, "Against the Grain: Notes on Identity, Intolerance and History", in a sharp critique of "Hindutva ideologues", who look at the ancient period of Indian history as "a golden age marked by social harmony, devoid of any religious violence", has said, "Demolition and desecration of rival religious establishments, and the appropriation of their idols, was not uncommon in India before the advent of Islam".

RSS' 25,000 Shishu Mandirs 'follow' factory school model of Christian missionaries

By Bhabani Shankar Nayak*
The executive committee of the International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences (IUAES) recently decided to drop the KISS University in Odisha as the co-host of the World Anthropology Congress-2023. The decision is driven by the argument that KISS University is a factory school.

India must recognise: 4,085 km Himalayan borders are with Tibet, not China

By Tenzin Tsundue, Sandeep Pandey*
There has as been a cancerous wound around India’s Himalayan neck ever since India's humiliating defeat during the Chinese invasion of India in 1962. The recent Galwan Valley massacre has only added salt to the wound. It has come to this because, when China invaded the neighbouring country Tibet in 1950, India was in high romance with the newly-established communist regime under Mao Zedong after a bloody revolution.

Time to give Covid burial, not suspend, World Bank's 'flawed' Doing Business ranking

By Maju Varghese*
On August 27, the World Bank came out with a statement suspending the Doing Business Report. The statement said that a number of irregularities have been reported regarding changes to the data in the Doing Business 2018 and Doing Business 2020 reports, published in October 2017 and 2019. The changes in the data were inconsistent with the Doing Business methodology.

Swami Vivekananda's views on caste and sexuality were 'painfully' regressive

By Bhaskar Sur*
Swami Vivekananda now belongs more to the modern Hindu mythology than reality. It makes a daunting job to discover the real human being who knew unemployment, humiliation of losing a teaching job for 'incompetence', longed in vain for the bliss of a happy conjugal life only to suffer the consequent frustration.

Delhi riots: Cops summoning, grilling, intimidating young to give 'false' evidence

Counterview Desk
More than 440 concerned citizens have supported the statement issued by well-known bureaucrat-turned-human rights activist Harsh Mander ‘We will not be silenced’ which said that the communal riots in Delhi in February 2020 have not been caused by any conspiracy, as alleged by the Delhi Police, but by “hate speech and provocative statements made by a number of political leaders of the ruling party.”

WHO chief ignores India, cites Pak as one of 7 top examples in fight against Covid-19

By Our Representative
In a move that would cause consternation in India’s top policy makers in the Modi government, Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, World Health Organization (WHO) director-general, has singled out Pakistan among seven countries that have set “examples” in investing in a healthier and safer future in order to fight the Covid-19 pandemic.

Tata Mundra: NGOs worry as US court rules World Bank can't be sued for 'damages'

By Kate Fried, Mir Jalal*
On August 24 evening, a federal court ruled that the World Bank Group cannot be sued for any damage caused by its lending, despite last year’s Supreme Court ruling in the same case that these institutions can be sued for their “commercial activity” in the United States.