Skip to main content

Jobs, wages, inequity: ‘Guarantee check’ on Govt of India’s claims vs performance

Counterview Desk 

Bahutva Karnataka, a civil rights network* calling itself "forum for justice, harmony and solidarity" claiming to work for "promoting constitutional values", in a report, "Employment, Wages and Inequity", has sought to present official claims of the Government of India, juxtaposing them with evidence from official or other "credible" sources.
Released ahead of the Lok Sabha polls, the report says that between 2011-12 and 2022-23, the share of the self-employed in the workforce has risen. "More than half of the men and more than two-thirds of women are presently ‘self-employed’ – a category that includes rural weavers, farmers, potters, urban roadside vendors, tailors, barbers, etc. as well as unpaid workers in small household enterprises", it notes.
It insists, "On the face of it, being self-employed sounds good but in reality, well-paying jobs with social security have shrunk and people are forced to resort to lowpaying self-employment options. Many are exercising this option instead of being in dire hunger or death."

Summary:

All data on employment and wages mentioned in this report are based on publicly available government data from the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS), the now discontinued Employment-Unemployment Survey and the World Inequality Database. The results are representative of 49 crore workers in India.

Employment

Claim
  • Two crore new jobs will be created every year
  • The BJP government’s 2019 manifesto said: We will also encourage industries and corporates to generate better employment opportunities for women.
Reality
  • 42% of graduates under the age of 25 are unemployed.
  • Between 2011-12 to 2022-23, the share of the self-employed in the workforce has risen. More than half of the men and more than two-thirds of women are presently ‘self-employed’. Stagnant household earnings among the poor force more women to work even as unpaid helpers such as working without earnings in family farms or small shops because they cannot find any other remunerative employment.
  • In the last 5 years, women working as unpaid household helpers has risen from 1 in 4 to 1 in 3.
  • Many are exercising this option instead of being in dire hunger or death.

Wages

Claim
  • In their 2019 manifesto, the BJP stated that- “Under our government, there has been a 42% growth in the National Minimum Wage. We will maintain the same direction over the next five years to ensure a respectable living for the workers.”
Reality
  • Wages, in real terms, have stagnated across all the main categories of employment -- regular wage, self-employed and casual labour.
  • An expert committee on wages, initiated by the Ministry of Labour and Employment, Government of India, led by Anoop Satpathy in 2019, said that the national minimum floor wages in India should be at least Rs 375 per day which translates to Rs 3,050 per week in 2022-23.
  • Nearly 30 crore workers earn less than this threshold amount.
  • 9 out of 10 casual wage workers, 3 out of 5 self-employed workers and half of the regular wage workers earn less than this threshold.
  • More than 1 in 3 households are earning less than this minimum amount.

All round development

Claim
  • Sab ka Saath Sab ka Vikaas
Reality
  • In nominal terms, the GDP per capita in the last 10 years has increased by 60%. However, the income share of the top 10% of the population has been increasing and now it is 60% while the incomes of the others is reducing.
  • In 2012, 63% of the national wealth was held by the top 10%. This has increased to 64.5% in 2022. In 2012, the bottom 50% held 6.1% of the national wealth. This has further reduced to 5.6% in 2022.

Moving in the wrong direction

Given the situation where wages have not been increasing, the government should have ideally taken steps towards the following policy measures:
1. Right to food for all
2. Right to employment with living wages and timely payment of wages for all
3. Right to free and quality healthcare
4. Right to free and quality education
5. Right to pension
However, from this year’s budget we have seen that the budget allocations are moving towards the opposite direction . The budget allocation of five major social sector schemes (NREGA, NSAP, Mid-Day Meals, ICDS & PMMVY) has only been 0.40% of the GDP.
---
*Bahutva Karnataka, Domestic Workers Rights Union, Slum Mahila Sanghatane, Data, Democracy and Development, Jagruta Karnataka and All India Central Council of Trade Unions

Comments

Jabir Husain said…
Claim of right-wing on guarantee of job doesnot equate with correct data.

In Ahmedabad, alone, daily average suicide rate is from 1 to 5, mostly due to economic stress, second due to ailments and third due to variety of reasons which provide a comfortable life to a citizen, which doesn't have access.

Mainstream vernacular newspapers and electronic media journalism have failed to mirror (governance).

An ancient Arabic proverb on rhetoric/statement, "There is no tax on language (maafi zakah bil lugat),is rightful in reply to claims.

If psychopancy and myth about phobia and euphoria (majoratarian politics) are not sanitized,with Constitution values, post result of 2024 election, erring Corporates and religious zealots may create an environment like, society might experience (Sri Lanka) symptoms.

Recent legal activism (Apex Temple of Justice), is only hope to survive Constitution, Law, Law Education, Institutes of Law which are imparting Legal education.

Unless, Indian Evidence Act, Monopoly Act and Amassing of Wealth within few (s) it's natural premise is not in sync with expect-ing robust, free 🆓and independent (Taxpayers Mechanism), legacy and honour of Judiciary may fall, therewith!

Pessimism require correct data.

TRENDING

Bill Gates as funder, author, editor, adviser? Data imperialism: manipulating the metrics

By Dr Amitav Banerjee, MD*  When Mahatma Gandhi on invitation from Buckingham Palace was invited to have tea with King George V, he was asked, “Mr Gandhi, do you think you are properly dressed to meet the King?” Gandhi retorted, “Do not worry about my clothes. The King has enough clothes on for both of us.”

What's Bill Gates up to? Have 'irregularities' found in funding HPV vaccine trials faded?

By Colin Gonsalves*  After having read the 72nd report of the Department Related Parliamentary Standing Committee on alleged irregularities in the conduct of studies using HPV vaccines by PATH in India, it was startling to see Bill Gates bobbing his head up and down and smiling ingratiatingly on prime time television while the Prime Minister lectured him in Hindi on his plans for the country. 

Displaced from Bangladesh, Buddhist, Hindu groups without citizenship in Arunachal

By Sharma Lohit  Buddhist Chakma and Hindu Hajongs were settled in the 1960s in parts of Changlang and Papum Pare district of Arunachal Pradesh after they had fled Chittagong Hill Tracts of present Bangladesh following an ethnic clash and a dam disaster. Their original population was around 5,000, but at present, it is said to be close to one lakh.

Muted profit margins, moderate increase in costs and sales: IIM-A survey of 1000 cos

By Our Representative  The Indian Institute of Management-Ahmedabad’s (IIM-A's) latest Business Inflation Expectations Survey (BIES) has said that the cost perceptions data obtained from India’s business executives suggests that there is “mild increase in cost pressures”.

Anti-Rupala Rajputs 'have no support' of numerically strong Kshatriya communities

By Rajiv Shah  Personally, I have no love lost for Purshottam Rupala, though I have known him ever since I was posted as the Times of India representative in Gandhinagar in 1997, from where I was supposed to do political reporting. In news after he made the statement that 'maharajas' succumbed to foreign rulers, including the British, and even married off their daughters them, there have been large Rajput rallies against him for “insulting” the community.

Magnetic, stunning, Protima Bedi 'exposed' malice of sexual repression in society

By Harsh Thakor*  Protima Bedi was born to a baniya businessman and a Bengali mother as Protima Gupta in Delhi in 1949. Her father was a small-time trader, who was thrown out of his family for marrying a dark Bengali women. The theme of her early life was to rebel against traditional bondage. It was extraordinary how Protima underwent a metamorphosis from a conventional convent-educated girl into a freak. On October 12th was her 75th birthday; earlier this year, on August 18th it was her 25th death anniversary.

A Hindu alternative to Valentine's Day? 'Shiv-Parvati was first love marriage in Universe'

By Rajiv Shah*   The other day, I was searching on Google a quote on Maha Shivratri which I wanted to send to someone, a confirmed Shiv Bhakt, quite close to me -- with an underlying message to act positively instead of being negative. On top of the search, I chanced upon an article in, imagine!, a Nashik Corporation site which offered me something very unusual. 

Govt putting India's professionals, skilled, unskilled labour 'at mercy of' big business

By Thomas Franco, Dinesh Abrol*  As it is impossible to refute the report of the International Labour Organisation, Chief Economic Advisor Anantha Nageswaran recently said that the government cannot solve all social, economic problems like unemployment and social security. He blamed the youth for not acquiring enough skills to get employment. Then can’t the people ask, ‘Why do we have a government? Is it not the government’s responsibility to provide adequate employment to its citizens?’

Youth as game changers in Lok Sabha polls? Young voter registration 'is so very low'

By Dr Mansee Bal Bhargava*  Young voters will be the game changers in 2024. Do they realise this? Does it matter to them? If it does, what they should/must vote for? India’s population of nearly 1.3 billion has about one-fifth 19.1% as youth. With 66% of its population (808 million) below the age of 35, India has the world's largest youth population. Among them, less than 40% of those who turned 18 or 19 have registered themselves for 2024 election. According to the Election Commission of India (ECI), just above 1.8 crore new voters (18-and 19-year-olds) are on the electoral rolls/registration out of the total projected 4.9 crore new voters in this age group.

Mark Lee: A spiritual leader who thought conventional religions are barrier to liberation

  By Harsh Thakor*  The Krishnamurti Foundation of America (KFA) lost Roger Edwin Mark Lee, who was a devoted disciple of Jiddu Krishnamurti, one of the greatest and most self realised spiritual philosophers of our time. Mark passed away due to pneumonia complications on April 6, 2024, at he Ventura Community Memorial Hospital in California. His exit was an irreparable loss to the spiritual world.