Skip to main content

Ahmedabad's 74% poor households 'not earning' income regularly: IIM-A study

IIM-A
By Our Representative
An Indian Institute of Management-Ahmedabad (IIM-A) study on the impact of lockdown on the marginalized households has found that that around 74% households reported “not earning regular incomes anymore” and 60% reporting that their current food supply would last “for less than a week”.
Carried out by Prof Ankur Sarin with a group of researchers, the study said that many expressed “anxiety about the future stability of their incomes”, with many households stating that “they won’t be able to make next month’s rent, phone bills, electricity bills, next installment of school fees.”
The study is based on interviews with around 500 households in Naroda Road, Shahpur Darwaza, Bapunagar, Old Vadaj, New Vadaj, Ambavadi, Amraivadi, Anandwadi, Gita Mandir, Sabarmati, Odhav, Vatva, Vastrapur, Ramdevnagar, Satellite, Ramol, Sarkhej, Kalupur, Behrampura, Maninagar, Indrapuri, Bhaipura, Motera, Shahi Baug, Vejalpur and Jamalpur. The respondents were enrolled on a WhatsApp group after taking their consent.
Carried out during the first 21 days of the lockdown, the study said, “Many have taken credit from their employers or neighbours to meet basic food related expenses”, adding, “Due to the sudden fall in incomes, most households were unable to procure vegetables, milk, washing powder, sanitary pads among other essentials (other than food).”
Individuals reported that they “only have Rs 500-800 left for managing everything”, that they will “lose everything” in the due course, that “due to lack of food and essential items, the stores have increased prices and the family doesn't have enough money to purchase”, and that as they have “no job” they have “withdrawn” all their money from the bank to feed their family.
Due to sudden fall in incomes, most households were unable to procure vegetables, milk, washing powder, sanitary pads, other essentials
“We were also informed of households facing trouble getting medicines in as shops in their vicinities were shut”, the study noted, quoting individuals as stating, “...although food kits are being provided by the government and NGOs, they come in limited numbers and many families in the neighborhood go hungry.”
On being asked whether the government’s announcement of promising Rs 500, which was to be transferred in phases from April 3 to 9 to all women Jan-Dhan beneficiaries, “less than 6% households reported being aware of money transfers from the government to their accounts”, the study said, adding, “This could be the result of either transfers not being made or households not having means to reach banks or ATMs.”
Prof Ankur Sarin
As for access to Public Distribution System (PDS), the study said, while around 66% households said they collected materials ‘regularly’ from ration shops, but as for those whose regular incomes had stopped, “only 40% regularly accessed PDS.”
“Many households with Above Poverty Line (APL) cards were being denied ration at the stores (because it didn’t have the ‘sikka’ -- or National Food Secueity Act [NFSA] stamp); these included many daily wage earners”, the study said.
Stating that complaints ranged from ration shops in their vicinities shut, had low supply of grains, or were overcrowded, the study said, while most households being aware of helplines, “surprisingly, only 3% have called any of the helpline numbers.”
One of the beneficiaries was quoted as saying, “We are not receiving proper supplies from the ration shop. We have only received 10kg of wheat this month which is way less than what we should be receiving. We are also not receiving other supplies like rice, sugar, oil etc. which government is sending for our help. I tried asking the ration shop owner, but he shooed us.”
The study said, “Around 16% receiving any external help/resources from NGOs (mostly food related assistance provided)”, adding, as for households with children in government schools and anganwadis, “more than 80% had not received any food related assistance from the anganwadis or schools since the lockdown.”
The study suggested that 11% households have gone back to their hometowns/villages (primarily Rajasthan, within Gujarat, etc.). It added, “We were also informed of families being stuck in transit or staying within Ahmedabad outside their usual residence (e.g. at a relative’s place), and of working males being separated from their families.”

Comments

TRENDING

Arrest of Fr Stan Swamy: UN makes public letter seeking explanation from Govt of India

Counterview Desk In a letter to the Government of India (GoI), three senior United Nations (UN) officials – Elina Steinerte, vice-chair of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention; Mary Lawlor, special rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders; and Fernand de Varennes, special rapporteur on minority issues – have said that the arrest of veteran activist Father Stan Swamy in October 2020 marks “the escalation of harassment the human rights defender has been subjected to since 2018.”

Swami Vivekananda's views on caste and sexuality were 'painfully' regressive

By Bhaskar Sur* Swami Vivekananda now belongs more to the modern Hindu mythology than reality. It makes a daunting job to discover the real human being who knew unemployment, humiliation of losing a teaching job for 'incompetence', longed in vain for the bliss of a happy conjugal life only to suffer the consequent frustration.

Farm laws 'precursor' to free trade deal envisaged by US corporates to allow GMO

By Rajiv Shah Did the Government of India come up with the three farm laws, first rushed by promulgating ordinances in June 2020, to not just open the country’s agricultural sector to the corporate sector but also as a precursor to comply with the requirements of the United States for a Free Trade Agreement (FTA), as envisaged by the outgoing US president Donald Trump?

'These people shouldn't be in jail': UN official seeks release 16 human rights defenders

By Our Representative A United Nations human rights official has called upon the Government of India (GoI) to “immediately release" 16 human rights defenders who have been imprisoned on charges of terrorism in the Bhima-Koregaon Case, insisting, “These people should not be in jail. They are our modern-day heroes and we should all be looking to them and supporting them and demanding their release.”  

Differing from Ambedkar, Kancha Ilaiah holds a 'different' theory of caste system

By Banavath Aravind* I was introduced to Kancha Ilaiah’s work when I was about 20 years old. He was then in the midst of a controversy for a chapter in his book "Post-Hindu India: A Discourse in Dalit-Bahujan, Socio-Spiritual and Scientific Revolution", which termed the Baniya community as social smugglers. During many of his debates, I had come to notice his undeterred fighting spirit in trying to bring up certain fundamental social issues that were hitherto undiscussed. I eventually came across some of his works and started reading them silently. I’m deliberately stressing upon the word ‘silently’ here, as this was the kind of silence particularly associated with sensitive social issues like caste, religion, etc. But, as I write this essay, I feel silences on sensitive issues should be broken. Ilaiah opened up an entirely new debate that had the vigour and strength to counter the systemic Brahmanism. His methods of research were also novel in terms of going back to the roo

Fr Stan's arrest figures in UK Parliament: Govt says, Indian authorities were 'alerted'

London protest for release of Stan Swamy  By Rajiv Shah Will Father Stan Swamy’s arrest, especially the fact that he is a Christian and a priest, turn out to be major international embarrassment for the Government of India? It may well happen, if a recent debate on a resolution titled “India: Persecution of Minority Groups” in the United Kingdom (UK) Parliament is any indication. While Jesuits have protested Fr Stan's arrest in UK and US, the resolution, adopted in the Parliament, said, “This House has considered the matter of persecution of Muslims, Christians and minority groups in India”.

New trend? Riots 'expanded' to new rural areas post-2002 Gujarat carnage: Report

A VHP poster declaring a Gujarat village part of Hindu Rashtra  By Rajiv Shah  Buniyaad, a Gujarat-based civil society organization, engaged in monitoring of communal violence in the state, in a new report, “Peaceful Gujarat: An Illusion or Truth?” has said that a “new trend” has come about in communal violence in the state, where the parts of Gujarat which didn't see communal riots in 2002 are experiencing “regular bouts” of communal violence.

Savarkar 'criminally betrayed' Netaji and his INA by siding with the British rulers

By Shamsul Islam* RSS-BJP rulers of India have been trying to show off as great fans of Netaji. But Indians must know what role ideological parents of today's RSS/BJP played against Netaji and Indian National Army (INA). The Hindu Mahasabha and RSS which always had prominent lawyers on their rolls made no attempt to defend the INA accused at Red Fort trials.

Modi govt 'implementing' IMF-envisaged corporate takeover of Indian agriculture

By Bhabani Shankar Nayak* The surge of wealth of Indian billionaires and the Modi-led BJP government’s onslaught on poor, marginalised and farmers continue to grow simultaneously as masses face annihilating pandemic of coronavirus. There is 90 % rise of Indian billionaire’s wealth over last one decade. It is not accidental.

More than 5,200 Gujarat schools to be closed down, merged, says govt document

RTE Forum, Gujarat, releasing fact-sheet on education By Our Representative A Gujarat government document has revealed that it is planning to close down 5,223 schools in the name of school merger. The document, dated July 20, 201 was released by the Right to Education (RTE) Forum, Gujarat. It shows that the worst-affected districts because of this merger are those which are populated by marginalized communities – especially tribals, Dalits and minorities, said RTE Forum’s Gujarat convener Mujahid Nafees.