Skip to main content

Citing CAG, budget analyst says, Gujarat govt figures on dropout, enrollment in primary schools are "false"

CAG figures quoted by Jethmalani
By Our Representative
Contradicting Gujarat government claims – as reflected in a Government of India book, “Elementary Education in India”, of June 2014 – that dropout rate of lower primary schools went down from 2.99 per cent in 2010-11 to 0.74 per cent in 2012-13, latest report of India’s Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) suggests that the dropout rate was, actually, 19.48 per cent in 2013. CAG confines itself to analysing enrollment in government schools over the years, even as surveying as many as 300 schools to identify infrastructure reasons behind poor enrollment.
Revealing this, Mahender Jethmalani, who heads Pathey, an independent non-profit budget analysis centre in Ahmedabad, told a seminar organized by a high-profile NGO, Child Rights and You (CRY), “The huge difference between the government data and that of the CAG report should be challenged appropriately.”
Jethmalani, who made a detailed presentation on the wide gap between state data and CAG observations, said, the data collected by CAG suggest as many as 9,76,890 children were enrolled in class one in 2008‐09, but the number of students who reached class five was 7,86,590 in 2012‐13, suggesting a dropout of 1,90,300. This comes to 19.48 per cent, as against the state government claim of just 0.79 per cent dropout.
The figures further suggest that in 2010-11, as many as 758971 children enrolled themselves in class VI, but 6,50,648 remained in class VIII, which means that 1,08,323, or 14.27 per cent children further dropped out.
The data also suggest that there was a progressive decline in the number of children who enrolled themselves every year. Thus, 9,76,890 children were enrolled in class 1 in 2008-09, while the enrollment was 7,68,980 in 2012-13. The figures, in fact, suggest each year there was a progressive decline in enrollment.
Jethmalani said, “The drop in the rate of enrolment in government schools and high dropout rate from these schools could be attributed to in adequate infrastructural facilities and basic amenities and teachers in these schools.” He added, CAG cited reasons like “lack of all weather building schools, classrooms, toilets, drinking water, play grounds, compound walls, teachers etc.”, as the main reason behind the dropout and fall in enrollment.
Source: CAG's report on local bodies of Gujarat in Jethmalani's presentation

According to Jethamalani, CAG’s audit, conducted in 10 district, namely Ahmedabad, Anand, Banaskantha, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Kachchh, Kheda, Porbandar, Rajkot and Surrendranagar, suggested that of the 300 schools surveyed, “48 schools did not have their building and 56 school building were dilapidated and 4 out of 10 districts checked 14 schools did not have their own buildings.”
CAG further found that schools without adequate class rooms 3,146 schools (10%) out of total schoos 31545, were functioning without adequate class rooms as on July, 201). In 397 primary schools and 181 upper primary schools only one class room each was available, and in 2,568 upper primary schools only two class rooms per school were available. “The percentage of inadequacy of class rooms in the state ranged from 1% in Surat from 53% Jamnagar”, Jethmalani said.
Then, there were schools without separate toilets for boys and girls. “The CAG audit report noticed that out of the 300 schools it surveyed, 26 schools did not have separate toilets 9%). Then, 45 of schools (15%) visited had un‐usable toilets, in 35 schools, water was not available in the toilet, water connection was not provided.
Further, “17 schools did not have drinking water facility, 105 schools were not provided water purifiers, in 53 schools water purifiers were not working , 175 schools were lacking the safe and drinking water facilities”, Jethmalani said, adding, CAG only corroborates the findings of CRY (click HERE to read).

Comments

TRENDING

Missed call drive for VVPAT verification follows online plea to "pressure" poll panel

By Our Representative
Several political activists have begun a new campaign, asking concerned citizens to give a missed call on 9667655855 to “support the demand that 2019 Loksabha elections must be declared only after verification of 50% electronic voting machines (EVMs) with Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) receipts.” The effort, supported by civil society networks across India, is meant to "further pressure" India's election machinery to ensure that the poll outcome becomes more transparent.

Did Modi own, buy digital camera costing Rs 7 lakh in 1987-88, also used email?

Counterview Desk
In an interview to the news channel News Nation, aired on Saturday last, Prime Minister Narendra Modi declaring that he had approved the air strike despite bad weather because he felt the clouds would hide Indian planes from Pakistani radar is known to have become a laughing stock across India.

When a neo-nationalist "invaded" hijab clad ladies, Bengali looking scholar in Delhi metro

By Aditi Kundu*
Travelling in Delhi metro on a daily basis to commute from Mayur Vihar to Dwarka, I see diverse people everyday. One can hear them talk about different aspects of life, from kitchen pilitics to national politics. On the morning of May 13, I witnessed a strange incident; disturbing and amusing at the same time.

Terror attacks: Difference in public reactions in India, those in Colombo, Christchurch

By Battini Rao*
Recently, on April 20 during Easter Sunday, more than 250 people were killed in a series of coordinated terrorist attacks in churches and hotels in Colombo, Sri Lanka. Local Islamic organisations Thawheed Jamath (NJT) and Jamathei Milathu Ibrahim (JMI) are held responsible for the attack. Islamic State has also claimed responsibility.

Women lost 88 lakh jobs in 2018: Why Modi "failed" to address their disempowerment?

Counterview Desk
Five human rights leaders Anjali Bhardwaj, Shabnam Hashmi, Purnima Gupta, Dipta Bhog, and Amrita Johri of the Women March for Change have posed 56 questions (alluding to Modi’s claim of 56 inches chest) to Prime Minister Narendra Modi and BJP against the backdrop of his interview with a Bollywood star, which was allegedly masqueraded as a “non-political” conversation.

World Bank clarifies: Its 26th rank to India not for universal access to power but for ease of doing business

By Our Representative
In a major embarrassment to the Government of India, the World Bank has reportedly clarified that it has not ranked India 26th out of 130 countries for providing power to its population. The top international banker’s clarification comes following Union Power Minister Piyush Goyal’s claim that India has “improved to 26 position from 99” in access to electricity in just one year.

Disproportionately high death sentences against Dalits, Adivasis, Muslims: UN told

Counterview Desk
In their joint submission to the United Nations Human Rights Committee to meet for the listing of adoption of list of issues at its 126th session, July 1-26, 2019, top Dalit rights organizations have taken strong exception to, among other things, "disproportional application of death sentencing by the judiciary of minorities, such as Muslims, Dalits and Adivasis".

Ex-IAS, IPS, IFS officers tell Modi: Pragya Thakur doesn't represent India's rich heritage

Counterview Desk
In an open statement, a group of former civil servants have said that normally they would have dismissed the candidature of Pragya Thakur, who is BJP’s choice for the Bhopal Lok Sabha constituency, as an act of political expediency. However, they were forced to react to her candidature after none other than Prime Minister Narendra Modi termed has as a “symbol of our civilisational heritage.”

India's 80% construction sites "unsafe", deaths 20 times higher than those in Britain

By Rajiv Shah
The Government of India may be seeking to project India’s construction sector as the country’s second-largest employer of the country after agriculture, providing jobs to more than 44 million people, and contributing nearly 9% to the national GDP, yet, ironically, its workforce is more unprotected than any other industrial sector of the country. Data suggest that the possibility of a fatality is five times more likely in the construction industry  than in a manufacturing industry, and the risk of a major injury is 2.5 times higher.

India sans Modi preferable, Congress worthier recipient of Indians’ votes: The Economist

By Our Representative
In a strongly-worded and crucial commentary on Prime Minister Narendra Modi as the electoral political battle is on, influential British weekly “The Economist”, has declared that “Indians, who are in the midst of voting in a fresh election, would be better off with a different leader”, even as pointing out that that under Modi, “India’s ruling party poses a threat to democracy.”