Skip to main content

Rangarajan committee report: 11 major states out of 20 have lesser percentage of poor than Gujarat

By Rajiv Shah
Latest report on measuring poverty authored by a committee headed by former Reserve Bank of India (RBI) governor C Rangarajan, has found that as many as 11 major Indian states out of 20 have fewer percent of poor than Gujarat. Submitted to the Modi government as a plea to come up with a new poverty criterion that takes into account “public expenditure that is being incurred in areas like education, health and food security”, and linking it with consumer price index, the report says that Gujarat has 27.4 per cent below poverty line people (BPL), or 1.69 crore – 1.1 crore in rural areas (31.4 per cent) and 5.89 crore (22.2 pe cent) in urban areas.
Basing on two separate surveys, carried out by the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO), the Government of India’s data collection centre, and the top independent body, Centre for Monitoring Economic Economy (CMIE), the survey, commissioned to the committee about a year ago, has found that at the all-India level there are 36.30 crore BPL -- or 29.5 per cent of the total population: 30.9 per cent in rural areas and 26.4 per cent in urban areas. The survey results are based on data collected by the NSSO and CMIE in 2011-12.
The states which have less per cent of poor than Gujarat are Himachal Pradesh 10.9 per cent, Punjab 11.3 per cent, Kerala 11.3 per cent, Haryana 12.5 per cent, Andhra Pradesh 13.7 per cent, Jammu & Kashmir 15.1 per cent, Uttarakhand 17.8 per cent, Maharashtra 20 per cent, Rajasthan 21.7 per cent, Karnataka 21.9 per cent and Tamil Nadu 22.4 per cent. The report compares percentage of BPL in 2011-12 with that of two years earlier – 2009-10. It has found that the number of states with less per cent of poor than Gujarat has remained unchanged – then too 11 major states had less percentage of poor.
The comparison suggests that Gujarat has slipped in poverty in the rural areas. Thus, while the percentage of poor in rural Gujarat came down from 37 per cent to 31.4 per cent between 2009-10 and 2011-12, the all-India rural BPL has dropped much faster – from 39.6 per cent to 30.9 per cent. There were 10 states with less percentage of rural BPL than Gujarat in 2009-10, which increased to 12 in 2011-12. As for the urban poverty, Gujarat (with a BPL of 22.2 per cent) improved its position somewhat – there were eight states having less percentage of poor than the state in 2011-12 as against nine in 2009-10.
In Gujarat, according to the report, anyone with a lesser spending capacity of Rs 1,103 in rural areas and Rs 1,507 in urban areas is below poverty line. Observers say, the Rangarajan committee report goes to prove the long-standing view taken by experts who say that growth rate alone cannot lead to reduction in poverty. Official data seek to suggest that Gujarat has grown much faster than most Indian states in agricultural growth. However, the rural poverty in Gujarat has failed to come down as fast as other states.

Comments

TRENDING

Savarkar 'criminally betrayed' Netaji and his INA by siding with the British rulers

By Shamsul Islam*
RSS-BJP rulers of India have been trying to show off as great fans of Netaji. But Indians must know what role ideological parents of today's RSS/BJP played against Netaji and Indian National Army (INA). The Hindu Mahasabha and RSS which always had prominent lawyers on their rolls made no attempt to defend the INA accused at Red Fort trials.

Buddhist shrines massively destroyed by Brahmanical rulers in "pre-Islamic" era: Historian DN Jha's survey

By Our Representative
Prominent historian DN Jha, an expert in India's ancient and medieval past, in his new book, "Against the Grain: Notes on Identity, Intolerance and History", in a sharp critique of "Hindutva ideologues", who look at the ancient period of Indian history as "a golden age marked by social harmony, devoid of any religious violence", has said, "Demolition and desecration of rival religious establishments, and the appropriation of their idols, was not uncommon in India before the advent of Islam".

Contempt of court? UP CM taking 'personal vendetta' against Dr Kafeel Khan: Activists

Counterview Desk
Demanding that the Uttar Pradesh government immediately release well-known paediatrician Dr Kafeel Khan, a group of more than 100 academicians, activists, researchers, doctors and lawyers have said in an open letter that he is being “targeted at the behest of the chief minister”, wondering, “When is an act of challenging the government a threat under the National Security Act (NSA)?”

A locked up offer? Govt of India 'not serious' in involving NGOs: IIM-A survey

By Rajiv Shah
Was the Government of India serious when it asked 92,000 civil society organizations (CSOs) in early April to “assist” state governments and district administrations in taking care of food, shelter and other needs of migrant workers, known to have been affected by Prime Minister Narendra Modi’ sudden 21-day lockdown in order to “combat” the spread of Covid-19 virus, announced on March 24?

Gujarat link of controversial US doctor who 'forced' WHO quiz Trump's wonder drug

By Rajiv Shah
A top American doctor, Sapan Sharankishor Desai, born and raised in the “affluent” North Shore (Chicago) region of Illinois by Indian parents, at one point of time involved in NGO activity through the Desai Foundation dedicated to “improving” the lives of the impoverished in Gujarat, is in the eyes of a major international storm following his paper in a “Lancet” questioning Donald Trump-promoted drug hydroxychloroquine.

Will Govt of India, ICMR end 'perverse' practice of extracting profits from ill-health?

By Asmita Verma, Surabhi Agarwal, Bobby Ramakant*
The Epidemics Act, 1897 gives the central and state governments authority to impose any regulations which may be necessary to contain the outbreak of a disease. Some state governments such as Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Chhatisgarh have already used this power to bring private healthcare facilities in their state under government control.

Dalits in India, Blacks in US suffer 'similar' humiliation: Macwan drafts letter to Trump

Counterview Desk
Well-known human rights activist Martin Macwan, recipient of the prestigious Robert F Kennedy Human Rights Award in 2000, has drafted an open letter to US President Donald Trump following the disturbing turn of events with the murder of George Floyd, leading to widespread protests in the US. He has sought signatures of concerned citizens before sending it to Trump.

Savarkar 'opposed' Bhagat Singh's, Netaji's dream of India, supported British war efforts

By Shamsul Islam*
In a shocking development, the student wing of the RSS put the busts of martyrs Bhagat Singh and Subhash Chandra Bose with Savarkar's on one pedestal at the University of Delhi late in the night on August 20, 2019. Bhagat Singh sacrificed his life for a socialist-democratic-secular republic and Netaji raised Azad Hind Fauj (INA) consisting of people of all religions and regions for armed liberation of India.

'Violation' of migrant workers' human rights: Legal notice to IIM-A director, govt babus

By Our Representative
Taking strong exception to the police action against protesting migrant workers off the Indian Institute of Management-Ahmedabad (IIM-A) on May 18, senior Gujarat High Court advocate Anandvardhan Yagnik, in a legal notice to the IIM-A director "on their behalf" has said that the workers had only been seeking to to go back to their home states, Jharkhand and West Bengal, for the last more than 20 days because they were not paid their “earned wages because of the lockdown.”