Skip to main content

Reserve Bank study finds Gujarat has to spend huge funds from coffers to pay up for interest taken on loan

Counterview Desk
A new study, “Debt Sustainability at the State Level in India”, by Balbir Kaur, Atri Mukherjee, Neeraj Kumar and Anand Prakash Ekka of the Department of Economic and Policy Research of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), has found that, as of March-end 2013, a huge 17 per cent of the revenue expenditure of the Gujarat government goes into paying up interests on loan taken by it over the years, which is higher than most states.
Suggesting that this is higher all 17 major states taken up for analysis, except West Bengal (20.9 per cent), the data suggest that Gujarat has progressively paid a higher proportion of interest on loan compared to most states ever since 1981.

Thus, the study finds that between1981-82 and 1991-92, interest formed 10.3 per cent of the revenue expenditure of the Gujarat government, which was higher than six other states. Between 1992-93 and 1996-97, 15.3 per cent of the revenue expenditure went into paying interest, which was, again, higher than six other states. Between 1997-98 and 2003-04, once again, six states paid a higher proportion of revenue expenditure as interest.
But things clearly changed thereafter. From 2004-06 to 2012-13, when ex-Gujarat chief minister Narendra Modi was at his peak, Gujarat spent 20.6 per cent of the revenue expenditure as interest on loans, which was second highest, next to West Bengal (20.6 per cent). 
Worse, a further analysis suggests, from 2004-05 to 2012-13, 21.2 per cent of the revenue receipts, which the Gujarat government received as taxes and non-tax revenues, went into paying up interest on loans, which was higher than most states except Punjab (23 per cent) and West Bengal (24.7 per cent).
The study underlines, there could be “a serious problem of intolerable debt in the long-run equilibrium” in states where the interest payments to revenue receipts ratio was “above the tolerable limit of 20 per cent.” Indeed, Gujarat is one of the three states which falls in this category.
The study further finds that between 2004-05 and 2012-13, Gujarat’s debts formed 29.8 per cent of the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP), suggesting that these were unsustainable. This was higher than seven other states, suggesting that eight other states, with a higher debt-GSDP ratio, also had similar unsustainable nature of debt. On the other hand, as many states had a lower debt-GSDP ratio, suggesting their debt was more sustainable than Gujarat’s.
The study concludes that “the debt sustainability indicators showed significant improvement during 2004-05 to 2012-13 compared to the earlier phase (1997-98 to 2003-04).” But, clearly, as for Gujarat, this was not the case.
Thus, between 1981-82 and 1992-93, Gujarat’s debt-GSDP ratio was 17.6 per cent and between 1993-93 and 1996-97 it was 19.9 per cent. It shot up to 30.6 per cent in the next phase, between 1997-98 and 2003-04, and in the last phase it went down marginally.

Comments

TRENDING

Church in India 'seems to have lost' moral compass of unequivocal support to the poor

By Fr Cedric Prakash SJ*
In 2017, Pope Francis dedicated a special day, to be observed by the Universal Church, every year, as the ‘World Day of the Poor’. This year it will be observed on November 17 on the theme ‘The hope of the poor shall not perish for ever’; in a message for the day Pope Francis says:

Hindutva founders 'borrowed' Nazi, fascist idea of one flag, one leader, one ideology

By Shamsul Islam*
With the unleashing of the reign of terror by the RSS/BJP rulers against working-class, peasant organizations, women organizations, student movements, intellectuals, writers, poets and progressive social/political activists, India also witnessed a series of resistance programmes organized by the pro-people cultural organizations in different parts of the country. My address in some of these programmes is reproduced here... 
***  Before sharing my views on the tasks of artists-writers-intellectuals in the times of fascism, let me briefly define fascism and how it is different from totalitarianism. Totalitarianism is political concept, a dictatorship of an individual, family or group which prohibits opposition in any form, and exercises an extremely high degree of control over public and private life. It is also described as authoritarianism.
Whereas fascism, while retaining all these repressive characteristics, also believes in god-ordained superiority of race, cultur…

As fear 'grips' right liberals, Arvind Panagariya, too, would be declared anti-national?

By Rajiv Shah
It is surely well-known by now that India's top people in the power-that-be have been castigating all those who disagree with them as "anti-nationals". Nothing unusual. If till yesterday only "secular liberals", and "left-liberals" were declared anti-national, facts, however, appear to have begun surfacing that, now, guns are being trained against those who could be qualified as right liberals, too. Let me be specific.

Indian Muslims' position being 'undermined' by new nationalism gripping the country

By Moin Qazi*
Muslims are the second-largest demographic of India, with nearly 14 per cent of the country’s population, or roughly 172 million people, but they are so marginalised that their presence in important public spheres is almost invisible. Most of them are poor, semi-literate and driven into ghettos.

Australia's centre-right govt 'wakes up' to Islamophobia, swears by multicultural legacy

By Neeraj Nanda*
In an interesting turn, the federal government in Australia, which is led by the centre-right Liberal Party, has slammed incidents of Islamophobia gripping the country, calling them ‘completely unacceptable’. A media statement from David Coleman, Minister for Immigration, Citizenship, Migrant Services and Multicultural Affairs, has referred to a report released by the Charles Sturt University to point towards the danger.

National award winning film 'Hellaro' co-produced by three chartered accountants

By Our Representative
“Hellaro”, a Gujarati feature film produced by Saarthi Productions in association with Harfanmaula Films (Ahmedabad) was declared as the Best Feature Film at the National Film Awards which was conferred by the Government of India. The film also won the Special Jury Award for the Best Actress to all the 13 actresses of the film.
Ashish Patel produced the movie, which has been co-produced three co-producers, Aayush Patel, Prateek Gupta and Mit Jani, all of whom, interestingly, started their filmmaking journey after becoming Chartered Accountants in 2012.
“Hellaro” is directed by Abhishek Shah, who has been working in Gujarati theatre since the past 17 years as writer, director and actor and has received numerous awards for his plays. He has also worked as a casting director for 12 films.
“Hellaro” is a period drama based in Kutch and has been co-written by Abhishek Shah and Prateek Gupta. Gupta previously received the Best Debut Director Award, along with Mit Jan…

Ahmedabad students sign huge banner in support of JNU anti-fee campaign

By Our Representative
A left-wing students' union in Gujarat went in for a massive signature campaign in Ahmedabad in support of the anti-fee hike movement of Jawharlal Nehru University (JNU) students. The All-India Democratic Students' Organisation (AIDSO) organised the campaign near the main gate of the historic Gujarat College, whose students had made a major mark during Independence movement.