Skip to main content

India's investment failed to pick up despite Modi's 4 years' reforms, manufacturing hit by demonetisation, GST: Crisil

By Our Representative
India's top consulting firm, Crisil, backed by its international partners, Standard & Poor, has regretted that four years after taking over the reins, and despite "a plethora of facilitations and reforms", the Modi government has "not been able to decisively push the investment cycle", insisting, "Investments have become the sore point of the Indian economy."
Crisil, in its report released last weekend, said, "The share of gross fixed capital formation, or fresh investment in the form of plant and machinery, dwellings and other buildings, etc., in GDP averaged 31% in the past four years (fiscals 2015 to 2018), compared with 33.6% in the previous five years (fiscals 2010 to 2014)."
Pointing out that the household sector "was the biggest contributor to investment in fiscal 2012 (share of ~45%)", Crisil said, "Since then, household investment has been on a consistent decline and its share in total investments was ~31% in fiscal 2017." It added, "Purchase of houses is generally the largest part (more than three-fourths) of household investment, so a slowdown in this factor is the key reason for the decline."
Underlining that "private corporate sector-led broad-based investment revival will have to wait", Crisil said, the immediate reason behind this is, being a "pre-election year, uncertainty can dampen/delay private investment." It added, "Election season is generally marked by uncertainties, both regarding change in regime and policy focus. Large investment commitments, especially by the private corporate sector, therefore, may be unlikely".
Pointing out that, because of slowdown in investment, manufacturing in India has failed to pick up, Crisil said, this has happened because of slowdown in domestic demand – both household consumption spending and investment spending – "in the four years through fiscal 2018 compared with the preceding five-year period."
Then, Crisil said, "Most of the slowdown post fiscal 2015 was seen after demonetisation. The cash crunch following demonetisation reduced private consumption growth. Within private consumption, rural consumption was particularly hit as farm realisations wilted during this period."
Slowdown in manufacturing, said Crisil, has also been caused by a fall in merchandise exports, which constitute about 14.4% of total merchandise export growth. It fell "significantly to 3.7% on-year on average in the four years beginning fiscal 2015 compared with 8.7% in the preceding five-year period. The drop came despite an improvement in world GDP growth and export volume growth in this period."
"In value terms", said Crisil, "The fall in India’s merchandise goods was sharper, with average growth between fiscals 2015 and 2018 at -0.2%, compared with 14% between fiscals 2010 and 2014. Within goods exports, manufacturing-related goods have also seen a slowdown in export growth. However, import growth of manufacturing related goods has increased during the Modi government."
Given this framework, suggested Crisil, the Modi government's target of manufacturing sector occupying 25% share in the economy by 2022, is unlikely to be met. To meet this target, it said, "manufacturing will have to grow at least 17.5% on-year, on average, between fiscals 2019 and 2022", while today the growth rate is less than half as much. "Even to raise the share to 20%, manufacturing will have to grow ast least 11% per year", it added.

Comments

Anonymous said…
Modi government's all round performance is failed
Anonymous said…
It’s a shrinking economy.

TRENDING

'Flawed' argument: Gandhi had minimal role, naval mutinies alone led to Independence

Counterview Desk Reacting to a Counterview  story , "Rewiring history? Bose, not Gandhi, was real Father of Nation: British PM Attlee 'cited'" (January 26, 2016), an avid reader has forwarded  reaction  in the form of a  link , which carries the article "Did Atlee say Gandhi had minimal role in Independence? #FactCheck", published in the site satyagrahis.in. The satyagraha.in article seeks to debunk the view, reported in the Counterview story, taken by retired army officer GD Bakshi in his book, “Bose: An Indian Samurai”, which claims that Gandhiji had a minimal role to play in India's freedom struggle, and that it was Netaji who played the crucial role. We reproduce the satyagraha.in article here. Text: Nowadays it is said by many MK Gandhi critics that Clement Atlee made a statement in which he said Gandhi has ‘minimal’ role in India's independence and gave credit to naval mutinies and with this statement, they concluded the whole freedom struggle.

BSF should take full responsibility for death of 4 kids in West Bengal: Rights defender

By Kirity Roy*  One is deeply disturbed and appalled by the callous trench-digging by BSF in Chetnagachh village under Daspara Gram Panchayat, Chopra, North Dinajpur District, West Bengal that has claimed the lives of four children. Along the entire stretch of Indo-Bangladesh border of West Bengal instead of guarding the actual border delineated by the international border pillars, BSF builds fences and digs trenches well inside the Indian territory, passing through villages and encroaching on private lands, often without due clearance or consent. 

A Hindu alternative to Valentine's Day? 'Shiv-Parvati was first love marriage in Universe'

By Rajiv Shah*   The other day, I was searching on Google a quote on Maha Shivratri which I wanted to send to someone, a confirmed Shiv Bhakt, quite close to me -- with an underlying message to act positively instead of being negative. On top of the search, I chanced upon an article in, imagine!, a Nashik Corporation site which offered me something very unusual. 

Don't agree on domestic subsidies, ensure food security at WTO meet: Farmer leaders

Counterview Desk  The Indian Coordination Committee of Farmers Movements (ICCFM), a top network of farmers’ organizations in India, in a letter to Piyush Goyal, Minister of Commerce and Industry, has asked him to “safeguard food security and sovereignty, even as ensuring peasants' rights" at the 13th Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization (WTO MC 13), to take place from 26 to 29 February 2024 in Abu Dhabi.

Students, lawyers, professors detained in Delhi for demonstrating in support of farmers

By Our Representative  About 25 protestors, belonging to the civil rights network, Campaign Against State Repression (CASR), a coalition of over 40 organisations, were detained at Jantar Mantar for holding a demonstration in support of the farmers' stir on Friday. Those detained included students, lawyers and professors, including Prof Nandita Narain and Prof N Sachin. 

Solar energy funding dips 9% in 2023; 2024 'kicks off' with US$1 billion investment

By Lakshmitha Raj*  Solar energy tech companies have already secured slightly over US$1 billion in funding in 2024 (till Feb 7, 2024) after total funding into Solar Energy companies in India fell 9% to US$1.55B in 2023 from US$1.7B in 2022. A total of 39 $100M+ rounds have been closed till date, with Delhi leading the city-wise funding, followed by Gurugram and Mumbai.

Social justice day amidst 'official neglect' of salt pan workers in Little Rann of Kutch

By Prerana Pamkar*  In India’s struggle for Independence, the Salt Satyagraha stands as a landmark movement and a powerful symbol of nonviolent resistance. Led by Mahatma Gandhi, countless determined citizens walked from Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi in Gujarat. However, the Gujarat which witnessed the power of the common Indian during the freedom struggle is now in the throes of another significant movement: this time it is seeking to free salt pan workers from untenable working conditions in the Little Rann of Kutch (LRK).

Sharp 61-85% fall in Tech startup funding in India's top 'business-friendly' States

By Rajiv Shah Funding in Tech startups in top business-friendly Indian states has witnessed a major fall, a data intelligence platform for private market research has said in a series of reports it has released this month. Analysing Tech startup data of Telangana, Maharashtra, Delhi NCR, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala, Tracxn Technologies Ltd , the Bengaluru-based research firm, finds that except for Kerala, funding witnessed a fall of anywhere between 61% and 85%.

Buddhist shrines were 'massively destroyed' by Brahmanical rulers: Historian DN Jha

Nalanda mahavihara By Our Representative Prominent historian DN Jha, an expert in India's ancient and medieval past, in his new book , "Against the Grain: Notes on Identity, Intolerance and History", in a sharp critique of "Hindutva ideologues", who look at the ancient period of Indian history as "a golden age marked by social harmony, devoid of any religious violence", has said, "Demolition and desecration of rival religious establishments, and the appropriation of their idols, was not uncommon in India before the advent of Islam".

Jallianwala massacre: Why Indian govt hasn't ever officially sought apology from UK

By Manjari Chatterjee Miller*  The king of the Netherlands, Willem-Alexander, apologized in July 2023 for his ancestors’ role in the colonial slave trade. He is not alone in expressing remorse for past wrongs. In 2021, France returned 26 works of art seized by French colonial soldiers in Africa – the largest restitution France has ever made to a former colony. In the same year, Germany officially apologized for its 1904-08 genocide of the Herero and Nama people of Namibia and agreed to fund reconstruction and development projects in Namibia. .