Skip to main content

India's 21.1% children live in poverty, as against China's 2%, South Asia's 19.5%: World Bank-UNICEF report

By Our Representative
A new report, jointly prepared by the World Bank and the UNICEF, has estimated that the “children headcount poverty rate in India is 22.1 per cent, as against the Adults headcount poverty rate of 14.3 per cent. Interestingly, the report finds that overall for the entire South Asia, both for children and for adults, is less than that of India.
Thus, in the South Asian region, which comprises of Pakistan, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Bhutan, the children’s poverty ratio is 19.5 per cent, while that of the adults it is 12.6 per cent. The report, titled “Ending Extreme Poverty: a Focus on Children”, gives no reason of this discrepancy, not is say how it arrived at such a conclusion.
As against India’s 22.1 per cent, the most important country which India policy-makers consider as its development rival, China has just 2 per cent children below poverty line. As for adults, they are just 1.8 per cent of China’s population. The report considers anyone under the age of 18 as a “child”.
What is equally appalling is, according to the report, “South Asia has the second highest share at nearly 36 per cent. Over 30 per cent of children living in extreme poverty live in India alone.” The highest share of poverty among children in the world is of Sub-Saharan Africa –over 51 per cent.
The report, released two days ago, says that it has been put out to focus on “an ambitious target: to end extreme poverty by 2030”, a vision, it claims, is “central” the World Bank Group and UNICEF, as to “the entire international community.”
Insisting that “urgent action is needed to achieve it”, the report says, “However, far too many people still live on far too little - some 767 million people were living in extreme poverty, on less than $1.90 per day, in 2013.”
Pointing out that children are the “most affected by extreme poverty – and by a huge margin”, the report states, “Our best estimate, based on data from 89 countries representing just over 84 per cent of the developing world’s population, is that almost 385 million children were living in extremely poor households in 2013.”
“Perhaps most strikingly, children are more than twice as likely to be living in households in extreme poverty - with 19.5 per cent of children in developing countries estimated to live on less than $1.90 a day, compared to 9.2 per cent of adults”, the report says.
This, says the report, cannot be explained by a large youth population. In fact, children are disproportionately affected, as they make up around a third of the sample population, but half of the extreme poor. The youngest children are the worst off – over 20 per cent of all children below 5 in the developing world live in extremely poor households, compared with nearly 15 per cent of 15-17 year olds.
“Where a child lives within their home country also plays a role. Eight out of ten of all children in extremely poor households live in rural, rather than urban, areas. Over a quarter of children living in rural areas live in extremely poor households, compared to just over nine per cent of children in urban areas”, the report says.
---
Click HERE for full report

Comments

TRENDING

'Enough evidence': Covid vaccines impacted women's reproductive health

By Deepika*  In 2024, the news outlets have suddenly started reporting about covid vaccine side effects in a very extensive manner. Sadly, the damage is already done.

A Hindu alternative to Valentine's Day? 'Shiv-Parvati was first love marriage in Universe'

By Rajiv Shah*   The other day, I was searching on Google a quote on Maha Shivratri which I wanted to send to someone, a confirmed Shiv Bhakt, quite close to me -- with an underlying message to act positively instead of being negative. On top of the search, I chanced upon an article in, imagine!, a Nashik Corporation site which offered me something very unusual. 

Dadi, poti discuss 'injustice' under 10 yr Modi rule: Video campaign goes viral

By Our Representative  Watan Ki Raah Mein, a civil society campaign of the Samvidhan Bachao Nagrik Abhiyan, has released a short video conversation on social media of an exchange of letters between a dadi and her poti discussing poverty, unemployment, corruption and women’s safety. The letters also raise the question of  suppression of our fundamental rights of speech, expression and justice. 

US 'frustrated' with India’s discomfort: Maritime exercise in South China Sea

By Vijay Prashad*  In early April 2024, the navies of four countries -- Australia, Japan, the Philippines, and the United States -- held a maritime exercise in the South China Sea. Australia’s Warramunga, Japan’s Akebono, the Philippines’ Antonio Luna, and the United States’ Mobile worked together in these waters to strengthen their joint abilities and -- as they said in a joint statement  -- to “uphold the right to freedom of navigation and overflight and respect for maritime rights under international law.” 

WHO move can 'enable' India to detain citizens, restrict freedom, control media

Counterview Desk  In an an open letter to Prime Minister Narendra Modi, with copies to concerned Cabinet ministers, bureaucrats and MPs,  health rights network  People’s Alliance for Public Health (PAPH alias JanSwasthya Morcha), has urged that India should not be a signatory to the World Health Organization ( WHO) Pandemic Agreement and Amendments to the  International Health Regulations (IHR) 2005  to be adopted at the 77th World Health Assembly in Geneva from 27th May to 1st June, 2024.

'Uncertainty in Iran': Raisi brokered crucial Chabahar Port deal with India

By Pranjal Pandey*  Ebrahim Raisi, the Iranian President, and the country’s foreign minister were tragically found deceased on May 20, 2024, shortly after their helicopter crashed in foggy conditions. In response, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei swiftly appointed a relatively unknown vice president as the interim leader.

Informal, outdoor workers 'excluded': Govt of India's excessive heat policies

Counterview Desk  Top civil rights network, National Alliance of People's Movements (NAPM), has demanded urgent government action to protect millions of outdoor workers from extreme heat and heatwaves, insisting declaration of heatwaves as climatic disaster.