Skip to main content

More underweight, stunted children in Ahmedabad, Surat than other top Indian cities: Industry-sponsored study

By Rajiv Shah
A top Indian industrial house-sponsored study has found that, in Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s “model” city Ahmedabad, 19.4% children aged 0-59 months are stunted, which is the highest among the 10 cities studied – Mumbai, Delhi, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Kolkata, Surat, Pune and Jaipur.
Called “Urban HUNGaMA (hunger and malnutrition) Survey”, the study was recently released by Naandi Foundation, a Hyderabad-based non-profit.
Meaning “prevented from growing or developing properly”, Chennai fared the best of all the 10 cities, with 10% stunted children. Next to Ahmedabad is Delhi with 18.9% stunted children, followed by yet another Gujarat’s “model” city, Surat, with 16.9%, Hyderabad 15.7%, Mumbai 14.2%, Jaipur 13.7%, Kolkata 13.3%, Bangalore 12.8%, and Pune 12.3%.
Conducted to assess the nutrition status of children, the survey, sponsored by industrial house Mahindra & Mahindra and Swiss non-profit foundation Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN), was carried out by interviewing 12,286 mothers, even as measuring height and weight of 14,616 children aged 0-59 months.
Those who helped analyze the survey included well-known urban expert Dr Isher Ahluwalia, Dr Victor Aguayo, Dr Sulabha Parasuraman, Pranav Chaudhuri and Nevin John.
Things were not found to be very different for those who were“severely stunted” in age group 0-59 months: While it was 10.1% in Ahmedabad, next only to Delhi (11.7%), Surat was not far behind with 9.5% severely stunted children. Chennai fared the best with severely stunted percentage of 4.8.
Taking the two categories, stunted and severely stunted children, together, While Delhi performed the worst with 30.6%, Ahmedabad’s closely followed with 29.5% performed. The 10 cities' average came to 22.3%.
Coming to the data on “underweight” children, the study says, it “ranged from 10.8% in Chennai to 19.3% in Surat”. As for Ahmedabad, it wasn’t found to be far very, with 19% underweight children, following Hyderabad (19.2%). Surat’s and Ahmedabad’s 6.4% and 6.3% children were found to “severely underweight”, following Delhi 6.7% and Hyderabad 6.6%, it adds.
Here again, taking the two categories, underweight and severely underweight children, simultaneously, Hyderabad topped with 25.8%, closed by followed by Gujarat’s “model” cities – Surat 25.7% and Ahmedabad 25.3%.
As for other parameters assessed to measure undernourished children, the study says, “The prevalence of wasting ranged from 8.0% in Jaipur to 15.1% in Mumbai, and severe wasting ranged from 2.4% in Ahmedabad to 4.0% in Pune”, adding, “The prevalence of overweight ranged from 0.7% in Hyderabad to 3.7% in Chennai and severe overweight or obese ranged from 0.5% in Jaipur and Mumbai to 1.8% in Chennai.”
The study further finds that “malnutrition was significantly more prevalent among children whose mothers had little or no schooling. For example, the prevalence of stunting among children whose mothers had five or less years of schooling ranged from 21.4% in Chennai to 51.0% in Ahmedabad.”
It added, “The prevalence of underweight among children whose mothers had five or less years of schooling ranged from 25.5% in Bengaluru to 42.7% in Ahmedabad.”
The study further found that “the prevalence of stunting among children from households in the lowest wealth quintile ranged from 20.8% in Chennai to 47.4% in Ahmedabad.” By contrast, it says, “The prevalence of stunting among children from households in the highest wealth quintile ranged from 6.3% in Kolkata to 24.4% in Delhi.”

Comments

TRENDING

India's GDP down by 50%, not 23%, job loss 200 million not 122 million: Top economist

By Our Representative  One of India’s topmost economists has estimated that India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) decline was around 50%, and not 23%, as claimed by the Government of India’s top data body, National Statistical Organization (NSO). Prof Arun Kumar, who is Malcolm S Adiseshiah chair professor, Institute of Social Sciences, New Delhi, said this was delivering a web policy speech, organised by the Impact and Policy Research Institute (IMPRI), New Delhi.

Youngest of 16 activists jailed for sedition, Mahesh Raut 'fought' mining on tribal land

By Surabhi Agarwal, Sandeep Pandey* A compassionate human being, always popular among his friends and colleagues because of his friendly nature and human sensitivity, 33-year-old Mahesh Raut, champion of the democratic rights of the marginalised Adivasi people of Gadchiroli, Maharashtra, has been in prison for over two years now.

#StandWithStan: It's about Constitution, democracy and freedom of expression

By Fr Cedric Prakash SJ*  It is more than three weeks now: On the night of October 8, 2020, the 83-year-old Jesuit Fr Stan Swamy was taken into custody by the National Intelligence Agency (NIA) from his residence in Ranchi to an undisclosed destination. According to his colleagues, the NIA did not serve a warrant on Fr. Stan and that their behaviour was absolutely arrogant and rude.

Stan Swamy vs Arnab Goswami: Are activists fighting a losing battle? Whither justice?

By Fr Sunil Macwan SJ* It is time one raised pertinent questions over the courts denying bail to Fr Stan Swamy, who was arrested under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA), and granting it to Arnab Goswami, editor-in-chief of the Republic TV, arrested under the charge of abetting suicide of Avay Naik, who ended his life in 2018. It is travesty of justice that a human rights activist is not only denied bail but is also made to wait for weeks to hear a response to his legitimate request for a straw to drink water, while Arnab Goswami walks free.

India performs 'poorly' in Quality of Life Index, ranks 62nd out of 64 countries

Counterview Desk “Expat Insider”, which claims to be one of the world’s most extensive surveys about living and working abroad, in a survey of 20,259 participants from around the globe, has found that of the 64 destinations around the globe, has found that while Taiwan is the best destination for persons living outside their native country, closely by Vietnam and Portugal, India ranks 59th.

Human development index: India performs worse than G-20 developing countries

By Rajiv Shah A new book, “Sustainable Development in India: A Comparison with the G-20”, authored by Dr Keshab Chandra Mandal, has regretted that though India’s GDP has doubled over the last one decade, its human development indicators are worse than not just developed countries of the Group of 20 countries but also developing countries who its members.

Buddhist shrines massively destroyed by Brahmanical rulers in "pre-Islamic" era: Historian DN Jha's survey

Nalanda mahavihara By Our Representative Prominent historian DN Jha, an expert in India's ancient and medieval past, in his new book , "Against the Grain: Notes on Identity, Intolerance and History", in a sharp critique of "Hindutva ideologues", who look at the ancient period of Indian history as "a golden age marked by social harmony, devoid of any religious violence", has said, "Demolition and desecration of rival religious establishments, and the appropriation of their idols, was not uncommon in India before the advent of Islam".

Namaz in Mathura temple: Haridwar, Ayodhya monks seek Faisal Khan's release

By Our Representative As many as 23 members of the Hindu Voices for Peace (HVP), including the founder president of the well-known Haridwar-based Matri Sadan Ashram, Swami Shivananda Saraswati, and a one of its top monks, Brahmachari Aatmabodhanand, have expressed their “dismay” over the arrest of Khudai Khidmatdar chief Faisal Khan and three others on charges of “promoting enmity between religions” and “defiling a place of worship” after they offered namaz in Mathura’s Nand Baba temple premises on October 29.

Government of India 'refuses' to admit: 52% of bird species show declining trend

Finn's Weaver  By Our Representative The Government of India has been pushing out “misleading” data on the country’s drastic wildlife decline, says a well-researched report, pointing towards how top ministers are hiding data on biodiversity losses, even as obfuscating its own data. It quotes “State of India’s Birds Report 2020” to note that of the 261 out of 867 bird species for which long-term trends could be determined, 52% have declined since the year 2000, with 22% declining strongly.

Dalit, Adivasi protest in Jharkhand against 'illegal' transfer of land for development

By Rishit Neogi Displacement and eviction are not new terms. It is surprising that they are still continuing and have become a tool in the hands of state backed corporates to forcibly occupy lands in the name of development.