Skip to main content

More underweight, stunted children in Ahmedabad, Surat than other top Indian cities: Industry-sponsored study

By Rajiv Shah
A top Indian industrial house-sponsored study has found that, in Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s “model” city Ahmedabad, 19.4% children aged 0-59 months are stunted, which is the highest among the 10 cities studied – Mumbai, Delhi, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Kolkata, Surat, Pune and Jaipur.
Called “Urban HUNGaMA (hunger and malnutrition) Survey”, the study was recently released by Naandi Foundation, a Hyderabad-based non-profit.
Meaning “prevented from growing or developing properly”, Chennai fared the best of all the 10 cities, with 10% stunted children. Next to Ahmedabad is Delhi with 18.9% stunted children, followed by yet another Gujarat’s “model” city, Surat, with 16.9%, Hyderabad 15.7%, Mumbai 14.2%, Jaipur 13.7%, Kolkata 13.3%, Bangalore 12.8%, and Pune 12.3%.
Conducted to assess the nutrition status of children, the survey, sponsored by industrial house Mahindra & Mahindra and Swiss non-profit foundation Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN), was carried out by interviewing 12,286 mothers, even as measuring height and weight of 14,616 children aged 0-59 months.
Those who helped analyze the survey included well-known urban expert Dr Isher Ahluwalia, Dr Victor Aguayo, Dr Sulabha Parasuraman, Pranav Chaudhuri and Nevin John.
Things were not found to be very different for those who were“severely stunted” in age group 0-59 months: While it was 10.1% in Ahmedabad, next only to Delhi (11.7%), Surat was not far behind with 9.5% severely stunted children. Chennai fared the best with severely stunted percentage of 4.8.
Taking the two categories, stunted and severely stunted children, together, While Delhi performed the worst with 30.6%, Ahmedabad’s closely followed with 29.5% performed. The 10 cities' average came to 22.3%.
Coming to the data on “underweight” children, the study says, it “ranged from 10.8% in Chennai to 19.3% in Surat”. As for Ahmedabad, it wasn’t found to be far very, with 19% underweight children, following Hyderabad (19.2%). Surat’s and Ahmedabad’s 6.4% and 6.3% children were found to “severely underweight”, following Delhi 6.7% and Hyderabad 6.6%, it adds.
Here again, taking the two categories, underweight and severely underweight children, simultaneously, Hyderabad topped with 25.8%, closed by followed by Gujarat’s “model” cities – Surat 25.7% and Ahmedabad 25.3%.
As for other parameters assessed to measure undernourished children, the study says, “The prevalence of wasting ranged from 8.0% in Jaipur to 15.1% in Mumbai, and severe wasting ranged from 2.4% in Ahmedabad to 4.0% in Pune”, adding, “The prevalence of overweight ranged from 0.7% in Hyderabad to 3.7% in Chennai and severe overweight or obese ranged from 0.5% in Jaipur and Mumbai to 1.8% in Chennai.”
The study further finds that “malnutrition was significantly more prevalent among children whose mothers had little or no schooling. For example, the prevalence of stunting among children whose mothers had five or less years of schooling ranged from 21.4% in Chennai to 51.0% in Ahmedabad.”
It added, “The prevalence of underweight among children whose mothers had five or less years of schooling ranged from 25.5% in Bengaluru to 42.7% in Ahmedabad.”
The study further found that “the prevalence of stunting among children from households in the lowest wealth quintile ranged from 20.8% in Chennai to 47.4% in Ahmedabad.” By contrast, it says, “The prevalence of stunting among children from households in the highest wealth quintile ranged from 6.3% in Kolkata to 24.4% in Delhi.”

Comments

TRENDING

It's now official: Developed Gujarat's regular, casual workers earn less than 19 top states

By Rajiv Shah
Though not as low as state chief minister Vijay Rupani claims it to be (0.9%), Gujarat’s unemployment rate, at least as reflected in a recent report released by the Government of India, is 4.8%, lower than the national average, 6%. Yet, ironically, the same report, released soon after the Lok Sabha polls came to an end in May 2019, brings to light an even grimmer reality: Lower wages in "model" and "developed" Gujarat compared to virtually the whole of India, including the so-called Bimaru states.

Amaravati: World Bank refusing to share public grievances on Land Pooling Scheme

By Our Representative
A new report, prepared by the advocacy group Centre for Financial Accountability (CFA), New Delhi, has taken strong exception to the World Bank refusing to share its independent assessment of the Land Pooling Scheme (LPS), floated by the Andhra Pradesh government in order to build the new capital.

Beijing-based infrastructure bank 'funding' India's environmentally risky projects

By Our Representative
A new civil society note has questioned the operations of the Beijing-based Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), a multilateral development bank that aims to support the building of infrastructure in the Asia-Pacific region, seeking to fund projects in India through the Government of India’s National Infrastructure Investment Fund (NIIF), calling it “a risky venture”.

British companies export 'deadly' asbestos to India, other countries from offshore offices

By Rajiv Shah
“The Sunday Times”, which forms part of the powerful British daily, “The Times”, has raised the alarm that though the “deadly” asbestos is banned in Britain, companies registered in United Kingdom, and operating from other countries, “are involved in shipping it to developing nations”, especially India. India, Brazil, Russia and China account for almost 80% of the asbestos consumed globally every year, it adds.

Govt of India 'lying': MGNREGA budget reduced by Rs 1,084 crore in 2019-20

Counterview Desk
NREGA Sangharsh Morcha, a well-known advocacy group for the rural jobs guarantee scheme, under implementation since 2005, has said that the statement by the Rural Development Minister has a made a mockery of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) on the floor of Parliament, revealing the ruling BJP’s “anti-worker and anti-poor bias”.

Include all workers exposed to silica dust in anti-TB programme: Govt of India told

Counterview Desk
In a letter, sponsored by well-known civil rights organization, Occupational & Environmental Health Network of India and signed by more than 60 professionals and activists*, Dr Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, has been told that Indian policy makers shouldn't just acknowledge higher TB risk to mine and stone crusher workers, but also “other silica-exposed workers”.

Universal healthcare? India lacks provisions to 'fight' non-communicable diseases

By Moin Qazi*
Universal health coverage (UHC) -- ensuring that all people receive proper and adequate health care without suffering financial hardship -- is an integral part of achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. It enables countries to make the most of their strongest asset: human capital.

Why crib? 4.5% is far better than pre-1980 'Hindu rate of growth': Subramanian replies

By Rajiv Shah
Even as sticking to his original argument that India's gross domestic product (GDP) since 2011-12 has been overestimated by 2.5%, renowned economist Arvind Subramanian has said in a fresh paper that his estimate of post-2011-12 growth rate at around 4.5% is surely not "implausibly low", as some of his critics have been arguing following his controversial June paper.

RSS, Hindu Mahasabha were 'subservient' to British masters: Nagpur varsity VC told

Counterview Desk
Well-known political scientist Shamsul Islam, associate professor (retired), University of Delhi, in an open letter to the vice-chancellor of the Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Dr Siddharthavinayaka P Kane, has taken strong exception to the varsity decision to include RSS’ “role” in nation building in the syllabus of the BA (history) course, citing instances to say that the RSS ever since its birth in 1925 with its Hindutva allies like Hindu Mahasabha led by VD Savarkar worked overtime to “betray the glorious anti-colonial freedom struggle”.

UP's Sonbhadra killing of 10 tribals highlights 'failure' to implement Forest Rights Act

Counterview Desk On July 17, as many as 10 people, including three women, were killed and 28 injured when a village head and his supporters opened fire on a group of tribal farmers in Ubha village of Sonbhadra district in Uttar Pradesh. While the firing took place following a clash between over a land ownership dispute, it reportedly highlights failure of officials enforce Forest Rights Acts (FRA) and Survey Settlement in favour of tribals.