Skip to main content

Dalit women are top victims of domestic violence; more women justify husband beating wife than men: GoI report

By Rajiv Shah
A Government of India (GoI) report, likely to create a major flutter among sociologists, women's rights activists and feminists, as also those claiming to be Dalit and tribal rights activists, has said that a whopping 24.6% scheduled caste (SC) women aged 15-49 have experienced physical violence during the 12 months preceding a survey carried out to ascertain empowerment issues they face.
Suggesting that is the highest among all communities, the report reveals, 18.9% of scheduled tribe (ST) women experienced physical violence, which is the next highest, followed by other backward classes (OBCs) 21.1%. Data in the report further show that 12.8% Hindus, categorised as "Others", presumably other than SC, ST and OBC, experienced violence, which is lower compared to Muslims and Christians, both 14.9%, and Sikhs 14.4%.
Just about 11.8% Buddhist or neo-Buddhist women experienced violence, and even lower percentage of Jain women (8.7%) experienced violence, says the chapter on domestic violence in the 666-page report, "National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4) 2015-16". Buddhists and neo-Buddhists are mostly SCs who decided to give up Hinduism, and are mostly ardent followers of Dr BR Ambedkar, who led first wave of Dalit conversion into Buddhism.
What should be equally a matter of further investigation is, a higher percentage of women in the age 15-49 "agree that a husband is justified in hitting or beating his wife" for any of the five reasons specified in the report: She goes out without telling him; she neglects the house or children; she argues with him; she refuses to have sexual intercourse with him; she doesn't cook properly; he suspects she is unfaithful; and she shows disrespect for in-laws.
Thus, 51.7% women and 42.2% men justify the hitting or beating of wife, the data show. Interesting though it may seem, among Hindu groups, SC men are more vociferous in justifying violence against women. Thus, it is 46.2% SCs, followed by 44.5 OBCs, 43.3% STs, and 35.2% "Others". Religion-wise, the details show that Christians top the list with 51.6% men justifying violence, followed by 43.14% Muslims, Hindus 41.9%, and Sikhs 35.4%.
Ironically, women, cutting across caste and religion, are found to be more vociferous in "agreeing" that a husband is justified in hitting or beating his wife for any of the "specified" five reasons included the survey. Thus, it is 55.7% SC women, followed by 53.9 OBC women, 50.2% ST women, and 45.6% "Others". The religion-wise figures show a similar pattern: It's 56.9% Christian women, followed by 54.1% Muslim women, 51.5% Hindu women, and 31.9% Sikh women.
Taking an overall view, the report says,12% of women reported being "pushed, shaken, or having something thrown at them; 10% reported having their arm twisted or hair pulled; and 8% each reported being punched with the fist or with something that could hurt them or being kicked, dragged, or beaten up. 2%of women reported that their husband tried to choke or burn them on purpose and 1% reported that their husband had threatened or attacked them with a knife, gun, or other weapon."
"The form of sexual violence most commonly reported by women was that their husband used physical force to have sexual intercourse when they did not want to (5%); 4% reported that their husband forced them with threats or in other ways to perform sexual acts they did not want to; and 3% reported that their husband forced them to perform other sexual acts they did not want to".

Comments

Uma said…
This is a surprising revelation. I would not have believed it if I had read it anywhere else

TRENDING

Communal rhetoric? Hindutva preached by RSS-BJP is 'monolithic', not Hinduism

By Prem Verma*  I am a devout Hindu but not a believer of RSS Hindutva form of Hinduism which brings about hatred of other religions. My Hindu religion has not taught me to look down on other religions and neither has it instilled in me to go about converting others to my religion because my religion is superior.

Gross 'injustice' to children: Rs 5000 cr cut in education budget; 15 lakh schools shut down

Counterview Desk  More than 100 dignitaries, including educationists, academia, social activists, teachers’ union, civil society organisations (CSOs), various networks and people working on child rights, in a letter to Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman have sought reversal of reduction in allocation for education in the Union Budget 2021-22, even as demanding substantial increase in it.

Buddhist shrines massively destroyed by Brahmanical rulers in "pre-Islamic" era: Historian DN Jha's survey

Nalanda mahavihara By Our Representative Prominent historian DN Jha, an expert in India's ancient and medieval past, in his new book , "Against the Grain: Notes on Identity, Intolerance and History", in a sharp critique of "Hindutva ideologues", who look at the ancient period of Indian history as "a golden age marked by social harmony, devoid of any religious violence", has said, "Demolition and desecration of rival religious establishments, and the appropriation of their idols, was not uncommon in India before the advent of Islam".

Swami Vivekananda's views on caste and sexuality were 'painfully' regressive

By Bhaskar Sur* Swami Vivekananda now belongs more to the modern Hindu mythology than reality. It makes a daunting job to discover the real human being who knew unemployment, humiliation of losing a teaching job for 'incompetence', longed in vain for the bliss of a happy conjugal life only to suffer the consequent frustration.

RSS love for 'killer' Myanmar junta behind Indian military presence at Tatmadaw Day?

By Shamsul Islam*  If a shameful act means an action which is criminal and nauseating, it would be an understatement to describe the attitude of the present RSS-BJP rulers of India towards the demolition of democracy and large-scale killing of the people of Myanmar by the military ( tatmadaw ) junta which took power through a coup on February 1, 2021 after renegading the election results in which the party of Aung San Suu Kyi, National League for Democracy, was a clear winner.

Chhattisgarh’s Apra riverfront imitates Sabarmati: 'Devaluing' water, environment

Sabarmati riverfront By Mansee Bal Bhargava*  This year’s #WorldWaterDay (March 22) focus was on ‘Valuing Water’. My school friend, Pragati Tiwari from Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, called that day knowing my interest in water matters. We were remembering our childhood days as how we used to play on the banks and the bed of the Arpa Nadi (River) during the summer holidays and as how the river would swell like Anaconda to flow happily during the monsoon.

Bihar massacre on Holi day: Brahminical, casteist mindset behind 'uneasy' silence

Bihar chief minister Nitish Kumar By Vidya Bhushan Rawat*  Several people were killed in Bihar amidst Holi festivities, but not much response has come in from the media. The silence of the government and the society as a whole is also appalling. We seek to romanticise these festivals, yet we forget that every year they take so many lives. This despite the fact that Holi appears to be the best time for 'avenging things'.

India's draft migrants policy: Whither concern on job restrictions imposed by states?

By Anil Kumar*  India’s Niti Aayog has prepared a Draft Migration Policy. The draft policy acknowledges migration as an integral part of development, and it calls for positive government interventions that facilitate internal migration. With a rights-based solution to migration, the draft states that the policy should “enhance the agency and capability of the community and thereby remove aspects that come in the way of an individual’s own natural ability to thrive”.

Gujarat religious freedom amendment bill 'pursues' votebank politics, is anti-minority

Gujarat home minister Pradeepsinh Jadeja  By Our Representative  A Gujarat-based minority rights organisation, taking strong exception to the state assembly last week passing the Gujarat Religious Freedom (Amendment) Bill, 2021, has asserted that the proposed law “is completely unconstitutional”, even as asking the Gujarat governor to give his accent to it.

Anti-untouchability move? Dalits to 'mint' brass coin to be laid beneath new Parliament

By Rajiv Shah Gujarat’s top Dalit rights organisation, Navsarjan Trust, is all set to initiate a unique campaign under which families from different parts of the country will contribute a brass article or a utensil -- all of it will be melted and minted into a 1111 milligram diameter coin with the question engraved on it: Will the 1947 dream of untouchability-free India be reality yin 2047?