Monday, October 26, 2015

Pro-Modi scholar: Manu Smriti never supported caste system; Ambedkar, others quoted its "fake" version

By Our Representative
A top protege of Prime Minister Narendra Modi living in the US, Rajiv Malhotra, who is widely regarded as one of the foremost theorists of Hindutva, is out to create yet another flutter, this time insisting that there is a need to “understand Manusmriti as per Hindu interpretation”, and for this one should “read Agniveer”.
The article Malhotra wants people to read is titled “Manusmiti and Shudras”, posted on the website, and authored by Sanjeev Newar, who says that “Manu Smriti hails from an era when even the concept of birth-based caste system did not exist”, adding, the treatise “nowhere supports a social system based on birth.”
Supporting the article, Malhotra has tweeted, he rejects caste as alien to Hinduism and it should “not to be mixed up with varna”, which according to Newar is “derived from root word ‘Vrinja’ means ‘Choice’,”, adding, “A similar usage happens in common used word ‘Varan’ meaning ‘choosing’ or ‘Var’ meaning a husband chosen by the girl.”
Malhotra was recently involved in an ugly controversy when his book “Indra’s Net” was charged with plagiarism, and one of the scholars who took strong exception to was celebrated Indologist Andrew J Nicholson, author of “Unifying Hinduism”.
Nicholson said, “Malhotra does not know Sanskrit, so he has to rely on others who do in order to amass the raw materials he needs for his books”, and “twists the words and arguments of respectable scholars to suit his own ends.” Malhotra has denied plagiarism charges.
The controversial new interpretation of Manu Smriti comes when Dalit leaders, starting with Babasaheb Ambedkar, as also senior scholars of Indian history and culture like Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya, have long unanimously accepted that the treatise is the first codified text on ethics and laws which promote blatant casteism.
Suggesting that the Manu Smriti which is being quoted by Dalits and other scholars of Indian history to suggest that it favoured caste system is “full of interpolated/ adulterated verses that were added much later for various reasons” and that “almost 50% of Manu Smriti is actually fake”, the article says, “Interpolation is not a problem with Manu Smriti”, but has taken place with “Ramayana, Mahabharat, Bible, Quran.”
Alleging that Ambedkar for “tactfully desisted” from calling Manu Smriti “adulterated”, the article characterizes the founder of Dalit movement “myopic”, saying, “It did stir up an anti-Manu movement and created political careers for many a politicians, including Ambedkar himself.”
Agniveer agrees, “The entire Dalit movement of modern times is based on foundations of protesting against ‘Manuvaad’,” adding, “While Manu is hero for casteists, Dalit leaders typecast Manu as a great villain. Copies of Manu Smriti are burnt en masse to showcase love for backward sections of society by likes of Agnivesh, Mayawati and many more.”
Claiming that “most of these Manu bashers perhaps never ever gave Manu Smriti a serious reading”, the article seeks to refute the view that “Manu founded the caste-system based on birth”, that “Manu legalized harsh punishments for Shudras and special provisions for upper-castes and especially Brahmins”, and that “Manu was anti-women and condemned them”.
The article by Newar says, “Maharshi Manu took inspiration from Vedas (refer Rigveda 10.10.11-12, Yajurveda 31.10-11, Atharvaveda 19.6.5-6) and proposed a social system based on qualities, actions and nature of the individual.”
The article insists, “The biggest proof of Manu Smriti proposing Varna System and not caste system is that, in the first chapter of Manu Smriti, there is mention of origin of four varnas and no mention of castes or gotras. Had caste or gotra been important, Manu would have mentioned which castes belong to Brahmins, which to Kshatriyas, which to Vaishyas and which to Shudras.”
The article says, “This also means that those who feel proud in calling themselves Brahmins or upper-caste by birth have no evidence to prove so. They can at best prove that a few generations of their forefathers used to also call themselves upper-caste. But there is no way to prove that they were upper-castes since inception of civilization.”
It adds, “And when they cannot prove so, what right do they have to allege that a so-called birth-based Shudra was also not a Brahmin several generations ago? And that they themselves were not Shudras a few generation ago!”


Karigar said...

This is a sad excuse for an article. Why quote a hotch potch of tweets & fragments of articles? The purpose seems to be to summarily discredit the argument without seeming to do so. Rajiv Malhotra has many well known & quote worthy books videos & blogs. Why use out of context tweets at all when better material is so obviously available? The actual "agniveer" article is also much more coherent than fragments quoted here. Not to mention crass mislabeling RM as Modi's protégé, and mug slinging about the thoroughly debunked "plagiarism scandal ". On the whole, it appears like a condescending response to someone questioning some 'scientific' theory on "ManuSmriti is oppressive" that one believes in. No its not like laughing at someone who is saying "the earth is flat" and you being dismissive since it is well proven that the earth is round. The "oppressive manusmrti influencing Hindus" is closer to the "flat earth" theory than you may think. It is upto you to show evidence to uphold it.

Anonymous said...

Its an academic fact the British transformed the varna system into a caste system.

Even Ivy League scholars, like Nicholas Dirks, have said so.

So Rajiv Malhotra is completely correct.

Krishnan Narayan said...

First of all, Shri Rajiv Malhotra is not, to my knowledge, a "protege" of Narendra Modi. This obviously false statement immediately casts into doubt all of the material to follow. With regards to the actual material, it appears to me that the author is trying to defend the Manusmriti. Why undertake such a defense using a hodgepodge of tweets and out of context quotes, when in fact much better references and articles are themselves available for this purpose? To the author- please use discretion, judgement, integrity in thought, word, and deed, as taught by our own Dharmic traditions, as you continue in your quest to write articles of this nature. Moving forward, please post thoroughly thought out, well-researched material preferably peer-reviewed, prior to publication.

bharat narhe said...

Why your representative has no name(s)? Did he read Manusmruti ?